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3 1833 02814 6709 

Gc 974.901 C14h 

Hist o r y o f C a m d e n C o u n t y i n 
the Great War, 1917-1918 










Authorized by the Victory Jubilee and 
Memorial Committee and published by 
the Publicity and Historical Committee 



Mien C 
900 V 
P0 Bi 






President of the United States 


RECORDS and facts published in this history were 
gathered from authoritative sources. When the 
Publicity and Historical Committee was authorized by the 
Victory Jubilee and Memorial Committee to compile this 
history the Government was asked for an official list of the 
heroic dead of Camden county. The War Department 
replied that it was a physicial impossibility for their 
bureaus to furnish such information because of the great 
number of men in service of the nation. The members 
of the committee, with the aid of che police, secured the 
information for their records by visiting the homes of 
those who died in the war and having their relatives fill 
out questionnaires printed by the Victory Jubilee and 
Memorial Committee. 

The members of the Publicity and Historical Com- 
mittee were newspapermen of the city and county and 
the facts relative to Camden county's part in the war 
were gathered from accounts written by them during the 
war. The histories of the famous Twenty-ninth and 
Seventy-eighth Divisions were written from the records 
published in official newspapers of the American Ex- 
peditionary Forces and from data supplied by officers of 
these divisions. 


Publicity and Historical 


Frank Sheridan, Chairman 
Frank H. Ryan, Secretary 
Benjamin W. Courter 
Frank S. Albright 
Charees J. Haaga 
James L. Poek 
Charees H. Schuck 
Wieeiam B. Wells 
Richard B. Ridgway 
Daniel P. McConnell 
Alvah M. Smith 
Daniel M. Stevens 
John D. Courter 
William H. Jeeeerys 
William Roth man 




WHEN war was declared by the United States 
against the Imperial Government of Germany 
after many overt acts that had aroused the ire of every 
patriotic American, Camden entered into the preparation 
made throughout the country to administer the decisive 
blow against the enemy with a spirit that evidenced its 
thorough sincerity in the great cause of civilization. Men 
and women in all walks of life not only volunteered their 
services for whatever work that might be assigned to 
them, but were so insistent in being accepted that those in 
charge of the various phases of the war program had 
great difficulty in making selections. As time went on 
there was real work for everyone and it may be stated 
there were no shirkers in Camden city or county. 

At the very outbreak of hostilities many Camden 
county boys enlisted immediately in the various army or 
navy services. They were scattered over the country in 
many camps and on the high seas. Particular interest 
was manifested in the old Third Regiment, with a glor- 
ious history stretching back to the days of the Sixth 
Regiment formed soon after the Civil War; Battery B; 
the newly formed company of Engineers and the Naval 
Reserves. Their service has cast enduring honor upon 
Camden and all the towns and boroughs within the 
county. Some failed to return because they made the 
great sacrifice, either on land or sea, and these will re- 
main Camden county's heroes. 

Charles H. Ellis, Mayor of Camden, formed a Public 
Safety Committee of the city's leading men early in the 
war, and this body of staunch Americans looked after 
the many problems that presented themselves in the pre- 
liminaries. This body continued in service throughout the 


war and took an active part in the various activities. It 
was finally resolved into the Victory Committee after the 
signing of the armistice and under this name planned the 
home-coming receptions to the heroes of the city and 

From time to time there were campaigns, drives and 
the like and in every instance the county arose to the 
emergency. In the four Liberty Loans and one Victory 
Loan nearly $39,000,000 was raised by the citizens, giving 
substantial evidence of regard for country. In the Red 
Cross, Y. M. C. A., Knights of Columbus, Salvation 
Army, Y. M. H. A. and other drives, including the 
United War Work Campaign, there was even more than 
generous response, because in every instance the quota 
sought was exceeded. It was not only the man of means 
who subscribed, but the man or woman who worked for 
comparatively small wages who was willing to make the 
sacrifices necessary and thus exemplify their sincere 

In an industrial way Camden has occasion to feel very 
much elated over what was accomplished. The great 
shipyards, employing thousands of men, worked day 
and night under the Emergency Fleet Corporation turn- 
ing out ships "and more ships," establishing a world 
record at the New York Shipbuilding plant in launching 
the Tuckahoe in twenty-eight days after the keel was 
laid. The factories were transformed into munition 
works and throughout the city and in various parts of the 
county everything was given over to a variety of work 
necessary to the war. Camden workers not only made 
ships, but airplane parts, ammunition and all sorts of 
machinery. All entered into the task with the true 
American spirit to accomplish the work presented to them 
and it is unnecessary to add their efforts were not in vain. 

In connection with the work of the draft boards it was 
a revelation as to the manner in which the young man- 
hood responded. As members of the 78th Division or 



other units that went over the seas they acquitted them- 
selves with honor. The draft boards were composed of 
some of the county's leading men who devoted much 
time without compensation. That it was hard and diffi- 
cult work was recognized by all who came in contact with 
the task. 

When the armistice was signed on November n, 1918, 
Camden was in the very midst of wartime activity. It 
was rather difficult for a time to retard the motion of 
this rapidly moving machine, but in the subsequent 
months of reconstruction, as important as in the height 
of war itself, the city and county continued to do their 
share of the work in bringing back normal conditions. 
There was co-operation along all lines, evidencing the 
very sensible balance maintained here as distinct from 
the upheavals that marked some places in other parts of 
the country. In looking over the two and more years of 
war and reconstruction in which the community played 
a prominent part, the citizens cannot help but feel very 
much gratified with what was accomplished. What was 
done, what our boys did and the many activities incident 
to Camden in wartime is given in the succeeding pages in 
some circumstantial detail. 


' \ A / E weep to-day over their graves be 
V V cause they are our flesh and 
blood, but even in our sorrow we are 
proud that they so nobly died, and our 
hearts swell within us to think that we 
fought beside them. To the memory of 
these heroes this sacred spot is consecrated 
as a shrine where future generations of 
men who love liberty may come to do 
homage. It is not for us to proclaim 
what they did; their silence speaks more 
eloquently than words. But it is for us 
to uphold the conception of duty, honor 
and country for which they fought and 
for which they died. It is for us, the 
living, to carry forward their purpose 
and make fruitful their sacrifice. 

"And now, dear, comrades, farewell. 
Here under the clear skies on the green 
hillsides and amid the flowering fields 
of France, in the quiet hush of peace, 
we leave you forever in God's keeping." 


At Argonne Forest Memorial Day, 1919. 


[Copyright by Harris & Ewing] 

Commander-in-Chief of American Expeditionary Forces 



(Ilctmben (ilintnty's ffwaic Jleaft 

William S. Ablett 
Lawrence S. Adams 
John Robert Adams 
Thomas J. Allen, Jr. 
Albert J. Atger 
John Benj. H. Baker 
Arlington Baltimore 
David Barnaby 
Frederick H. Baynes 
Otto H. Bean 
Edwin Beckley 
Charles Behrend 
Walter J. Behrer 
Ralph Benner 
Chester L. Bennett 
Carl F. Bicker 
David T. Borland 
Benjamin Borstein 
Allen H. Bossert 
Henry J. Bowes 
George A. Bowers 
John Otto Boyson 
Jack Brody 
Joseph Brznszkiewicz 
William J. Burke 
Walter Ernest Butsch 
Frank J. Carver 
Robert H. Carr 
Howard W. Cassady 
Louis J. Certain 
Robert F. Christy 
John Joseph Clynes 
William Coonrod 
Joseph F. Covert 
William Craig 
John Cunningham 
Jacob F. Currie 
Charles T. Daniels 
Gean Davidson 
Tasker H. Davidson 
John T. Deighan 
Philip Diaz 
Leon A. Dickinson 
Alfred W. Dilks 
Edward H. Dorsey 
Otto Dreher 
Ernest Eckersley 
Ralph B. Elder 
Hammitt K. Elliott 
Christopher Evans, Jr. 
Frank M. Falls 
Nicola Fanello 

William J. Farrell 
Henry P. Favereau 
Jacob Feidman 
James Fornek 
Raymond C. Freeh 
Silas Furbush 
Richard Giest 
Stanislaw Gontarski 
Fred W. Grigg 
H. Rowland Gross 
Howard W. Haines 

William S. Hey 
William M. Hickman 
Percy L. Hollinshed 
William Hoyle 
Elmer Hunt 
John T. Hyland 
Howard Jordan 
Emerson J. Kane 
Clarence E. Kantz 
Enos S. Kimble 
Herman John King 
Walter J. Kirk 
Wm. S. Laskowski 
Leon A. Lippincott 
Edgar Burton Lloyd 
Edward M. McGowan 
James A. McGuckin 
Hersey Mander 
Anthony Martin 
Charles A. Mathews 

Edwin M. Matthews 
Edward B. May 
Robert E. Meggett 
John H. Meisle 
Allan Irving Morgan 
Angelo Mucci 
James L. Murray 
Walter Murray 
James Murtha 
Norman Nicholson 
John A. Overland 
Noah J. Palmer 
Leon P. Parker 
Bert Pennington 
Oliver R. Purnell 
John Howard Read 
Cornelius Redd 
Samuel J. Reichard 
Richard L. Reighn 
James E. Reynolds 
Harry Roles 
David H. Ross 
Benjamin J. Sandlow 
A. T. Schleicher, Jr. 
William Schucker 
John J. Sheldon 
Kenneth L. Steck 
Harry A. Steeple 
Edw. J. Steigerwald 
Fred D. Stimpson 
Eben Stout 
William P. Tatem 
George E. Trebing 
Raymond C. Thoirs 
Albert C. Thompson 
Joseph A. Tinsman 
William Troutt 
William E. Truxton 
Walter Tucker 
Frank H. Valentine 
Gaetano Vincignerra 
Harry C. Wagner 
Martin R. Waldvogel 
August F. Walter 
Elizabeth H. Weimann 
Philip C. Wendell 
Earl C. Willett 
Norman W. Wohlken 
John Wojtkowiak 
Thomas H. Wright 
Ellwood K. Young 
Townsend C. Young 



JUST one hundred and thirty-four men and one 
woman from Camden county made the supreme 
sacrifice in the Great War. Sixty-two were either killed 
in action or died as the result of wounds received in 
action, while disease claimed sixty-two lives in army 
camps here or in France. Some few of the men died at 
home from disease while on furloughs. 

The army's losses were the heaviest in the war, one 
hundred and seventeen dying in that branch of the ser- 
vice from this county. The casualties of the other 
branches of the service were as follows; Navy, seven; 
Marine Corps, six; Red Cross nurse, one; British 
army, two; Merchant Marine, one. 

Fourteen died of wounds received in action. Six died 
at sea, five losing their lives in action with enemy ships. 
Six died from accidents, three of whom were aviators 
and there was one accidental drowning in France. The 
sole woman, who died in the service of the nation from 
this county, was Elizabeth H. Wiemann, a Red Cross 

The records of each of Camden county's heroic dead 
follow : 

WILLIAM S. ABLETT, Private, of 603 South Third street, 
Camden, was killed in action in the Argonne Forest on 
October 27, 1918. Ablett enlisted in Company B, 104th Engi- 
neers, when that company was organized in this city on April 
27, 1917. He was sent to Camp Edge, Sea Girt, and later to 
Camp McClellan, Anniston, Alabama. He was shot in the arms 
and legs in the Argonne Forest battle. He was the son of Mr. 
and Mrs. James Ablett, of 603 South Third street. 

ALBERT J. ATGER, Private, of 154 North Twenty- fifth street, 

Camden, was connected with Battalion A, 45th Artillery, and 

was stationed at Camp Stanley, Texas. He died November 27, 


1918, at the Base Hospital. Fort Sam Houston, Texas, from 
pneumonia. He enlisted May 31, 1918, in the cavalry and was 
sent to Camp Stanley for training in Troop G, 305th Cavalry. 
He was later transferred to the 45th Artillery. He was the son 
of Mr. and Mrs. Gaston Atger, of 154 North Twenty-fifth street. 

LAWRENCE S. ADAMS, Corporal, of 553 Bailey street, Cam- 
den, was mortally wounded in action on October 25, 1918, 
in the Argonne Forest battle. He was a member of Company 
D, 309th Machine Gun Battalion, and on the morning of 
October 25, his company was firing a barrage and the enemy 
answered it with artillery fire. A shell struck two of the com- 
pany's guns and Corporal Adams was so severely wounded that 
he died that same day in a hospital. He was a member of the 
Camden Police Department when called in the draft and sent 
to Camp Dix for training. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. D 
J. Adams, of 553 Bailey street. 

JOHN ROBERT ADAMS, Private, of 644 Erie street, Camden, 
died of pneumonia November 3, 1918, in a hospital in France. 
He was a member of the 303d Trench Mortar Battery and was 
drafted and sent to Camp Dix on April 25, 1918. His unit sailed 
for overseas three weeks later. He was twenty-five years old 
and was the son of Mr. and Mrs. William S. Adams, of 644 
Erie street. 

THOMAS J. ALLEN, JR., Private, of Lawnside, was drowned 
in an accident in France after serving in three battles in 
the war and escaping uninjured. His death occurred at Bay 
City, France, April 25, 1919. He was called into service in 
October, 1917, and sent to Camp Hill, Virginia, where he became 
a member of Company I, 304th Stevedore Regiment. He sailed 
for France in April, 1918, and was transferred to Company M, 
301st Infantry, and later to Company M, 811th Infantry. His 
parents reside at Lawnside. 

JOHN BENJAMIN H. BAKER, Private, of 1004 Spruce street. 
Camden, died in Base Hospital No. 35, in France, on Sep- 
tember 17, 1918, from blood poison as the result of bullet wounls 
received in action. He was drafted June 28, 1918, and sent to 
Camp Dix. He sailed for France on August 26, 1918, and was 
attached to the Medical Detachment of the 312th Field Signal 
Battalion and was wounded carrying wounded from the field of 
battle. He was 28 years old and the son of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Keese, of 1004 Spruce street. 


ARLINGTON BALTIMORE, Corporal, of 713 Cherry street, 
Camden, died of Spanish influenza, at Camp Dix, on October 
5, 1918. He was drafted September 26, 1918, and sent to that 
cantonement as a member of Company C, 5th Battalion, 153d 
Depot Brigade and was the son of Mrs. Henry Baltimore. His 
death occurred nine days after being sent to camp. 

DAVID BARNABY, Private, of 521 Hunter street, Gloucester 
City, was fatally injured when he was kicked by a horse 
over the right eye, near Hausen, Germany, on February 2, 1919. 
He was a member of Battery F, 76th Field Artillery, in the 
Army of Occupation, and was sent with a detail for horses to 
Hausen. On the return Barnaby asked permission to fall out 
to adjust his saddle. The detail had gone but one hundred yards 
when Corporal Hayes saw him fall. When the detail reached 
Barnaby they found him badly injured and he was taken to the 
hospital at Mayen, Germany, where he died on February 5. He 
was the son of Mrs. Rebecca Barnaby, of 521 Hunter street, 
Gloucester City. 

FREDERICK H. BAYNES, Sergeant, of 935 Monmouth street, 
Gloucester City, was killed in action in the Meuse-Argonne 
offensive on October 9, 1918. He enlisted in the old Third 
Regiment, National Guard of New Jersey, and was sent with 
the regiment to Camp Edge, Sea Girt, on July 25, 1917, and 
later transferred to Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala. He be- 
came a member of Company G, when the regiment was changed 
to the 114th Infantry. He was the son of Frederick H. and 
Rebecca Baynes, of Gloucester City. 

OTTO H. BEAN, of 445 Berkley street, Camden, was first 
assistant engineer of the American steamer Tuscarora, 
which was lost at sea after it had sailed from New York on 
December 6, 1917, for Halifax. The Tuscarora is believed to 
have been dashed to pieces on the rocky coast of Halifax. The 
last heard of the vessel was when it passed Father Point on the 
St. Lawrence river. The ship was in the service of the United 
States Shipping Board. First Assistant Engineer Bean was 
39 years old and was the husband of Mrs. Margaret Bean, of 
445 Berkley street. 

EDWIN BECKLEY, Private, of 314 Mechanic street, Camden, 
died of pulmonary tuberculosis in France on November 
30, 1918. He was drafted in November, 1917, and sent to Camp 
Dix. He was the son of William S. and Lillie M. Beckley, of 314 
Mechanic street. 


CHARLES BEHREND, Gunner, of 809 Penn street, Camden, 
was killed in the battle of St. Mihiel on September 26, 1918, 
when a high explosive shell of the enemy burst near him. 
Behrend was drafted and sent to Camp Dix, where he was 
assigned to Company C, 309th Infantry. He sailed for France 
in May, 1918, and spent his twenty-sixth birthday anniversary 
in the trenches before St. Mihiel. This soldier was an orphan 
and was the brother of Mrs. Lillian Walker, of 925 South Paxson 
street, Philadelphia. 

WALTER J. BEHRER, Private, of 3284 Westfield avenue, 
Camden, was killed in action September II, 1918, while 
bringing ammunition up to his battery. He was a member of 
Battery D, 307th Field Artillery. One other comrade was 
killed and four wounded together with Behrer when a German 
shell burst over their battery. Behrer was 24 years old and was 
drafted April 1, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix. His regiment 
sailed for France in May. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 
Behrer, of 3284 Westfield avenue. 

RALPH BENNER, Private, of 828 North Sixth street, Cam- 
den, died of nervous and mental diseases at Base Hospital, 
No. 214, Saveney, France, fifteen miles from St. Nazaire, on 
April 26, 1919. He was a member of the medical detachment 
of the 314th Infantry, of the 79th Division, and was in five bat- 
tles during the war. Private Benner was drafted in September, 

1917, and sent to Camp Dix. He sailed to France in February, 

1918. He was the son of Clinton C. Benner, of 828 North Sixth 

CHESTER L. BENNETT, Private, of 34 Kresson avenue, Had- 
donfield, was killed in action July 19, 1918, at Chateau 
Thierry at the beginning of the allies' major offensive after 
having participated in the battle of Cantigny. Machine gun 
bullets through the abdomen caused his death. He was the son 
of Mrs. Hattie E. Bennett and enlisted in the regular army 
January 27, 1917, before America entered the Great War. He 
was sent to Eagle Pass, Texas, being attached to the 30th Infan- 
try. He was later transferred to the Machine Gun Company 
of the 16th Infantry. 

CARL F. BICKER, Private, of 1636 Broadway, Camden, en- 
listed in the United States Marine Corps in the fall of 191/ 
while attending college at Winona Lake. He was in service a 
year when stricken with the pneumonia at Camp Quantico, Va. 


He died September 29, 1918. Private Bicker was the son of the 
late Dr. Francis J. Bicker and was a nephew of Mrs. H. D. 
Burroughs, of 1636 Broadway. 

DAVID T. BORLAND, 30 years old, lived with his parents, Mr. 
and Mrs. David Borland, at 2305 Howell street, Camden. 
He was a member of Company C, 312th Infantry, and went to 
Camp Dix on February 26, 1918, sailing overseas in May. He 
was killed in action on October 24, 1918, during the great battle 
in the Argonne. 

BENJAMIN BORSTEIN, Corporal, of 1200 Everett street, 
Camden, died at his home while on a furlough from Camp 
Dix on September 30, 1918, from influenza. He was a member 
of Company No. 41, T. R. B. 153d Depot Brigade. He was 
drafted July 16, 1918, and was the son of Joseph and Celia 

ALLEN H. BOSSERT, Sergeant, son of Mr. and Mrs. William 
H. Bossert, of 113 Chestnut avenue, Woodlynne, entered 
the service in August, 1917, and was assigned to Company K, 
311th Infantry, at Camp Dix. He was later assigned to the 311th 
Machine Gun Company, and was overseas from May. 1918, until 
October 3, 1918, when he was killed by shrapnel. At the time 
of his death he was about to be sent to school to study for a 
lieutenancy. His body rests in France. Sergeant Bossert was 
the only Woodlynne boy to make the supreme sacrifice. 

HENRY J. BOWES, Lieutenant, of Wellwood avenue and 
Volan street, Merchantville, lost his life when the Submarine 
Chaser 209 was sunk off Fire Islands on August 27, 1918. He 
was in command of twelve chasers when the armed merchant- 
man Felix Paussip took the chasers for German submarines 
and opened fire, sinking the 209. The fatal mistake was made 
one hundred and fifty miles off Fire Islands, after three destroy- 
ers had left the twelve chasers. Two other chasers were sunk 
in the battle. Lieutenant Bowes enlisted in the Naval Reserves 
before this country entered the war in April, 1917, and was a 
junior grade officer. He was the husband of Mrs. Evelyn 
Humphreys Bowes, of Merchantville. 

GEORGE A. BOWERS, Private, of 420 Broadway, Camden, 

died from influenza and pneumonia in France on January 

24, 1919. He was a member of Company B, 104th Engineers, 

and enlisted in Camden in April, 1917, and was sent to Sea Girt 


with his company on July 25, 1917. He served with his com- 
pany north of Verdun after being sent to France from Camp 
McClellan, Anniston, Alabama. He was the son of Louis and 
Emma Bowers, of 420 Broadway. 

JOHN OTTO BOYSON, Private, of 629 Birch street, Camden, 
died from peritonitis on October 5, 1918, at American Hos- 
pital No. 1, France. He was a member of Company D, Casual 
Department, Medical Unit, and was assigned to the hospital 
where his death occured. The son of Mrs. Anna L. Boyson, 
of 629 Birch street, he enlisted on May 14, 1917, and was sent 
to Fort Slocum, New York, and assigned to Company B, 57th 
Infantry. Later he was transferred to Company D, Casual 
Department, Medical Unit, at Fort Jay, New York, and from 
this camp he was sent overseas. 

JACK BRODY, Private, of 101 Chestnut street, Camden, was 
killed in action on September 27, 1918, in the Argonne 
Forest and buried at Mount Blainville. He was the son of 
Solomon Brody and enlisted in the Third Regiment, National 
Guard of Pennsylvania, in July, 1917. He was assigned to a 
camp in West Philadelphia and later was sent to Camp Han- 
cock, Georgia, with the regiment which became the 110th Infan- 
try. Brody was assigned to Company G and the regiment sailed 
for France in May, 1918. 

JOSEPH BRZNSZKIEWICZ, Private, of 1412 South Tenth 
street, Camden, was killed in a railroad accident in France 
on November 14, 1918. He was a member of Headquarters 
Company, 7th Training Battalion, Field Artillery Replacement 
Depot. He was drafted under the name of Joseph Briskle. He 
was a brother of Mrs. Maggie M. Iwanoski, of 1412 South Tenth 

WILLIAM J. BURKE, Private, of 710 North Sixth street, 
Camden, died from spinal meningitis following an attack 
of Spanish influenza on October 23, 1918. at United States 
Army Hospital, No. 3, Colonia, N. J. He was a member of 
Company H,i6th Battalion, United States Guards. He was the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Michael Burke, of 710 North Sixth street. 

WALTER ERNEST BUTSCH, Bugler, of 620 North Fifth 

street, Camden, died on November 6. 1918, from wounds 

received in action. He was a member of Company K, 311th 

Infantry. He was drafted September, 1917, and sent to Camp 


Dix. His unit left for France on May 20, 1918, and he was 
wounded at Lancon, near Grand Pre, France, on October 30, 
1918, in the Argonne Forest battle and was carried to a base 
hospital in partially shell wrecked church at Vichy by Sergeant 
Theodore Roller, a comrade, where he died seven days later. 
Butsch was 24 years old and the son of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest 
Butsch, of 620 North Fifth street. 

FRANK J. CARVER, Corporal, of 67 South Twenty-ninth 
street, Camden, died of pneumonia at Hempstead, Long 
Island, on October 21, 1918. He enlisted at the age of thirty- 
one years in the Aviation Corps on December 1, 1917, and was 
sent to Camp McArthur, Waco, Texas, where he was assigned 
to the 340th Aero Squadron on December 20. He was trans- 
ferred to Camp Greene, North Carolina, in March, 1918, and on 
August 1 was transferred to Hempstead. He was the son of 
Mrs. Eleanor Carver. 

ROBERT H. CARR, Private, of 222 Amber street, Camden, 
died from pneumonia in France on October 18, 1918. He 
was drafted and sent to Camp Dix and was a member of Com- 
pany E, 34/th Infantry. He was the husband of Mrs. Mary 
Carr, of 222 Amber street. 

HOWARD W. CASSADY, Sergeant, of 420 Webster street, 
Camden, was stricken with Spanish influenza aboard the 
United States ship Reina Mercedes. He was removed to the 
United States Naval Hospital at Annapolis, Maryland, where 
he died on.October 19, 1918. He was buried in Camden. Ser- 
geant Cassady enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in 
January, 1917, and was sent to Paris Island, South Carolina, for 
training. He was later transferred to the Naval Academy at 
Annapolis and then assigned to the Reina Mercedes. He was 
the son of Joseph P. and Bella Cassady, of 2005 Arlington 
street, and was 22 years of age. 

LOUIS J. CERTAIN, Private, of 337 Spruce street, Camden, 
was killed in action on October 12, 1918, in the Argonne- 
Meuse battle. Enlisting in the old Third Regiment, National 
Guard of New Jersey, in June, 1917, he went to Camp Edge, 
Sea Girt, on July 25, with the regiment. He also accompanied 
the regiment to Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala., where it be- 
came the 114th Infantry. Mrs. Rose Certain, of 725 North 
Eleventh street, Philadelphia, was his mother. 


ROBERT F. CHRISTY, Private, of 1183 Haddon avenue, Cam- 
den, died of Spanish Influenza and pneumonia in France on 
October 5, 1918. He enlisted on May 6, 1918, at the age of 43 
years, and was sent to Fort Slocum, New York, on May 13. He 
was assigned to Company K, 2d Infantry. One month later he 
was transferred to Camp Humphreys, Va., and assigned to Com- 
pany F, 116th Engineers, and sailed for France in August, 1917. 
He was the husband of Mrs. Susan Christy, of 1183 Haddon 
avenue, and the son of Mrs. Sarah Christy. 

JOHN JOSEPH CLYNES, Sergeant, of 60 North Thirty-second 
street, Camden, died at Base Hospital No. 8, Otisville, New 
York, on June 24, IQIQ, from tuberculosis contracted while in 
training at Camp Dix. Clynes was 25 years old and was drafted 
on May 27, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix. He was assigned to 
the 4th Company, 4th Battalion, 153d Depot Brigade, as a private 
and later promoted corporal and then sergeant. Burial was 
made in Camden on June 28. Sergeant Clynes was the son of 
John and Mary Clynes, of 60 North Thirty-second street. 

WILLIAM COONROD, Private, Camden, died at Camp Dix 
October 5, 1918, from Spanish influenza. His nearest of kin 
was given by the Government as Mrs. Edith Wentworth. The 
investigating committee and the police were unable to locate his 
relatives. No street address was given by the Government. 

JOSEPH F. COVERT, Private, of 1146 Whitman avenue, Cam- 
den, died from pneumonia in France on March 22, 1918. En- 
listing in June, 1917, he was sent to Base Hospital No. 34, Allen- 
town, Pa., for training in the ambulance service. He was sent 
overseas in September, 1917. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Covert, 
of 1 146 Whitman avenue, were his parents. 

WILLIAM CRAIG, Private, of 1321 Broadway, Camden, died 
April 11, 1919, at Camp Ottawan, Government Hospital, 
North Carolina, from the effects of chlorine gas received under 
heroic circumstances. He was a member of Battery D, 7th 
Field Artillery, First Division, and participated in the battle of 
Chateau-Thierry. Craig shot four Germans to death with his 
pistol and in the fight two of his horses were shot and as the 
animals stumbled, Craig grabbed their reins to save them and 
in doing so accidentally knocked his gas masked loose. The 
Germans had sent over a gas attack and he was badly affected. 
He was in a number of hospitals in France and finally brought 


back to this country suffering from tuberculosis, which caused 
his death. He was a member of the old Third, New Jersey 
National Guard, and went away with that regiment July 25, 
1917, to Camp Edge, and then to Camp McClellan, Anniston, 
Ala. He was transferred to the 7th Field Artillery in France. 
Mrs. Hattie Fisher, of 1321 Broadway, was his foster mother, 
he being an orphan. 

JOHN CUNNINGHAM, Private, son of Mr. and Mrs. George 
Cunningham, of 1748 Fillmore street, Camden, was a mem- 
ber of the 303d Ammunition Train and was crushed to death be- 
tween two motor trucks in France, on January 28, 1918. He was 
buried with full military honors at Semur, France. He was the 
husband of Mrs. Olive M. Cunningham. 

JACOB F. CURRIE, Corporal, of 12 North Twenty-fifth street, 
Camden, was killed in action in the Argonne Forest on 
October 25, 1918. He was drafted on Good Friday, March, 1918, 
and sent to Camp Dix, where he was assigned first to the 9th 
Company, 153d Depot Brigade, on March 29. He was trans- 
ferred to the 309th Machine Gun Company and was promoted 
corporal in April. He served in the Chateau-Thierry, St. Mihiel 
and Argonne battles. Corporal Currie was the son of Jacob 
and Catherine Currie, of 12 North Twenty-fifth street. 

CHARLES T. DANIELS, a mess boy of the American oil 
tanker Atlantic Sun, was drowned at sea when a lifeboat 
capsized in English waters after the tanker was sunk by a 
submarine on March 18, 1918. The lifeboat was nearing the 
shore when the high sea and surf upset the craft and Daniels 
was drowned. His brother, George E. Daniels, a cook on the 
same ship, was saved. Daniels was 23 years old and was the 
husband of Mrs. Florence Daniels, of 507 North Sixth street, 

GEAN DAVIDSON, Private, of 613 Liberty street, Camden, 
died in a local hospital in October, 1918, from Spanish in- 
fluenza, contracted while on a leave of absence from Camp Dix. 
Davidson was thirty years old and was drafted in June, 1918, 
and sent to Camp Dix for training. No living relatives of him 
can be found. 

TASKER H. DAVIDSON, Private, of Oaklyn, was killed in 

action at Grand Pre, France, in the Argonne Forest, on 

October 27, 1918. Drafted in April, 1918, he left for France 

the following month with Company F, 312th Infantry, after a 


short training at Camp Dix. He was buried at a little place 
called Senuc, France. Mrs. George R. Snyder, of Bettlewood 
and Cold Springs avenues, Oaklyn, is his nearest of kin. 

JOHN T. DEIGHAN, Private, of 839 Elm street, Camden, died 
at his home from Spanish influenza and pneumonia on 
October 12, 1918. He was drafted September 5, 1918, and sent 
to Camp Humphreys, Va., where he was assigned to Company 
F, 7th Engineers. He was the husband of Mrs. Catherine 
Deighan and the son of Mrs. Ellen Deighan Parks. He was 
buried in Camden with full military honors. 

PHILIP DIAZ, Private, of Second avenue, Ashland, was killed 
in action in the Argonne Forest on October 24, 1918. At 
least that is the last date given by the War Department to his 
parents. On two other occasions different dates were given for 
his heroic demise. The son of Anna Rose Diaz, of Ashland, 
he was drafted in May, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix for training 
and assigned to Company C, 312 Infantry. 

LEON A. DICKINSON, Sergeant, of 915 Newton avenue, Cam- 
den, was first reported missing in the battle of Chateau- 
Thierry on July 20, 1918. In May, 1919, the War Department 
changed his status on the casualty list as having been killed in 
action. He was the son of John Dickinson and he first enlisted 
in the Navy in 1912 and served all of his enlistment on the bat- 
tleship Vermont. His enlistment expired just as the Mexican 
border trouble occurred and he enlisted in the regular army. 
He was with General John J. Pershing's Punitive Expedition, 
which penetrated Mexico. When America entered the Great 
War, Sergeant Dickinson went overseas with the first 50,000 as a 
member of Company G, 28th Infantry. 

ALFRED W. DILKS, 23 years old, of 704 Federal street, Cam- 
den, was a member of the 3d Regiment, National Guards of 
New Jersey, part of which afterwards became Company K, of 
the 114th Infantry. He went to Sea Girt with his old command 
and later to Anniston, going to France in June, 1918. He was 
killed in the Argonne on October 12, 1918. 

EDWARD H. DORSEY, Corporal, of 760 Van Hook street, 

Camden, died at Camp Dix in early October, 1918, from 

Spanish influenza and pneumonia. Drafted in November, 1917, 

he was sent to Camp Dix and assigned to Company E, 350tk 


Field Artillery. The funeral took place in Camden October 8, 
1918. He was the son of Benjamin H. Dorsey, of 760 Van Hook 

OTTO DREHER was the son of Mrs. George Dangel, of 530 
Elm street, Camden. He had lived here virtually all his 
life, but went to Waterbury, Conn., where he enlisted and sailed 
for France as a member of Bakery Company, No. 327, in January, 
1918. He was stricken with pneumonia and died in the arms of 
his brother William, also in the service, on October 1, 1918. He 
was survived by a 6-year-old daughter. 

ERNEST ECKERSLEY, Private, of 1005 Penn street, Camden, 
was killed in action in April, 1918, while fighting with the 
Lancashire Fusileers of the British Army. He was rejected 
three times for enlistment in the American Army and finally 
went to the Canadian Recruiting Mission in Philadelphia, where 
he was accepted. He was 24 years old and the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. David Eckersley, of 1005 Penn street. 

RALPH B. ELDER, Corporal, of 30 North Twenty-sixth street, 
Camden, died from wounds on November 27, 1917, received 
in the Argonne Forest on October 12. He was a member of 
Company E, 114th Infantry, and was one of three men who 
rushed a German machine gun nest. One of his comrades was 
shot to pieces, the other shot through the lungs and Elder was 
shot through the eye, which wound caused his death. He was 
also gassed in September. He was a member of the old 3d Regi- 
ment, National Guards of New Jersey, before the war and went 
away with the regiment July 25, 1917. Elder was 23 years old 
and was the son of Mrs. Frances Elder, of 30 North Twenty- 
sixth street. 

HAMMITT KENNETH ELLIOTT, Lieutenant, of 306 Wash- 
ington Terrace, Audubon, was killed at the United States 
Aviation Field at Houston, Texas, on February 27, 1918, wnen 
he lost control of the aeroplane he was driving 350 feet above 
the ground. He was caught in a heavy gust of wind trying to 
make a tail spin and failed to regain control of his machine. 
J. H. Geisse, a cadet flying with him, escaped with slight in- 
juries. Elliott enlisted in the Signal Reserve Corps Aviation 
Service in October, 1917, and was sent to Princeton Flying 
School on October 20, 1917. He was sent to Houston two weeks 


later. The day before he was killed he was commissioned a 
lieutenant at the age of 19 years. He was the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hammitt K. Elliott, of 306 Washington Terrace, Audubon. 

CHRISTOPHER EVANS, JR., Wagoner, of Twenty-ninth and 
Saunders streets, Camden, died at Camp Sam Houston, 
Texas, from hemorrhages on October 3, 1918. He was a member 
of the Supply Company of 23d Artillery. 

FRANK M. FALLS, Private, of 14 Park Place, Camden, died 
of pneumonia on January 18, 1919, in France. He was 
gassed on the day the armistice was signed, November 11, 1918. 
He was a member of the Anti-Aircraft Corps, Company B, 1st 
Machine Gun Battalion, to which he was transferred from 
Company D, old 3d New Jersey National Guard. He was the 
son of Mrs. Lena Falls, of 44 Newkirk Place, and was 24 years 

NICOLA FANELLO, Private, of 1107 South Fourth street, 
Camden, was killed during a gas attack in the Argonne 
Forest on September 27, 1918. He was the husband of Mrs. 
Mary Fanello, and was drafted on April 26, 1918, and sent to 
Camp Dix, where he became a member of Company H, 309th 

WILLIAM F. FARRELL, Private, of 940 North Fifth street, 
Camden, was killed in action September 30, 1918, at Mont- 
faucon, France, in the Argonne Forest drive. He was a member 
of Company H, 147th Infantry. Private Farrell was drafted 
April 26. 1918, and sent to Camp Dix. After six weeks training 
he was sent to Camp Lee, Virginia, and two weeks later sailed 
for France. He was survived only by a sister, Mary Farrell, 
940 North Fifth street. 

HENRY PHILIP FAVEREAU, of 1307 Lansdowne avenue, 
Camden, lost his life . with William Laskowski, of 1151 
Haddon avenue, on December 6, 1917, when the United States 
destroyer Jacob Jones was sunk by an enemy submarine in 
foreign waters. He was thirty-three years of age and enlisted 
in the United States Navy as an apprentice at the age of sixteen 
years. He was the husband of Mrs. Bertha Favereau. 

JACOB FELDMAN, Lieutenant, of 17 West Park avenue, Mer- 
chantville, was killed under heroic circumstances. He was 
attached to Company D, noth Infantry, formerly the 3d Regi- 
ment, National Guard of Pennsylvania. He was mortally wound- 


ed on September 12, 1918, in the Marancourt sector, in the ad- 
vance on Hill No. 212. All of the officers of the company were 
casualties and Feldman assumed command and reformed the 
unit and ordered the charge. As they dashed across the open 
he was hit in the stomach by an explosive bullet and fell. He 
struggled to his feet and beckoned his men on. He was 
struck by two more bullets and fell. Handing his papers to 
First Sergeant Harold M. Nash, he shouted, "Forward, men!" 
He died in an ambulance on the way to the hospital. He was 
buried at Reddy farm, near Cohan, the following day. Lieuten- 
ant Feldman had been a member of the National Guard eleven 
years and was thirty-one years old. His regiment went over- 
seas in April, 1918, and he participated in the Cheateau-Thierry 
battle. He was the son of Isaac Feldman, of Merchantville. 

JAMES FORNEK, Private, of 1269 Atlantic avenue, Camden, 
died from pneumonia on October 6, 1918. This young man 
was drafted May 22, 1918, and sent to. Camp Crane, Allentown, 
Pa., where he was assigned to Hospital No. 11. He was the son 
of Mrs. Mary Fornek, of 1269 Atlantic avenue, and went over- 
seas a member of the ambulance corps at the age of sixteen 

RAYMOND C. FRECH, Cook, of 625 Elm street, Camden, was 
killed in action August 11, 1918, in France. He was a mem- 
ber of Headquarters Company, 18th Field Artillery, 3d Division. 
Freeh enlisted in the United States Navy at the age of fourteen 
years. He served two enlistments and participated in the battle 
of Vera Cruz, during the armed intervention in Mexico. He 
was wounded twice in the attack on Vera Cruz. His enlistment 
in the Navy expired in October, 1917, and he enlisted in the army 
and was sent to Fort Slocum. From there he went to Fort 
Bliss, Texas, and was wounded in a battle with Mexicans, who 
made a raid on the border. He was sent to France in April, 
1918. Freeh was an orphan and his next best friend was Ella 
Hearing, 625 Elm street. 

SILAS FURBUSH, Sergeant, Camden, was listed as having been 
killed in action in France by the War Department. His 
nearest of kin was given as Mrs. Elizabeth Furbush. He was a 
member of the Quartermaster Corps. His relatives could not 
be found by the investigating committee or the police, and the 
War Department was unable to give a better address. 


RICHARD GIEST, Private, of 835 York street Camden, died 
at Camp Greene, Charlotte, North Carolina, on January II, 
1918. He was a member of Battery F, 16th Field Artillery, and 
was stricken with spinal menigitis and pneumonia on January 
10 and died the following day. Giest enlisted in October, 1917, 
and was sent to Fort Slocum and was transferred to Camp 
Greene. He was 24 years old and the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
John G. Giest. 

STANISLAW GONTARSKI, Private, of 931 Mechanic street, 
Camden, was killed in action on October 12, 1918, in the 
Argonne offensive. He was first a member of Company K, 327th 
Infantry, and was among the first draftees to go to Camp Dix 
on September 20, 1917. Gontarski went overseas as a member 
of Company L, 327th Infantry. A shot in the abdomen caused 
his death in battle. He was the son of Jan Gontarski. of 931 
Mechanic street. 

FRED W. GRIGG, Corporal, was killed in the Argonne Forest 
and Meuse drive in October, 1918. He was struck in the 
stomach by a fragment of shrapnel. Grigg resided at Mer- 
chantville with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. Grigg. Grigg 
was a member of Company E, 113th Infantry. He first saw 
service with Battery B, 1st New Jersey Field Artillery, on the 
border during the armed intervention with Mexico in 1916. 
When the battery returned to Camden he was mustered out of 
service. He was working in Trenton when America entered 
the Great War and enlisted in the Second New Jersey National 
Guard and was first placed on guard duty in this State. Later 
he was sent to Camp McClellan. Anniston, Ala., and sailed for 
France in June, 1918. 

H. ROWLAND GROSS, Corporal, of Delair, was killed in action 
on September 6, 1918, while crossing the Vesle river, in 
France, north of the town of Magneaux, in the face of enemy 
machine gun fire. He was a member of Company F, 109th 
Infantry, enlisting on March 25, 1917. The first important task 
of this regiment was to guard bridges until it was sent to Camp 
Hancock, Georgia, for eight months training. The regiment 
sailed for France in May, 1918. Gross was 22 years old and was 
the son of Mrs. Florence Gross, of Velde avenue, Delair. 


HOWARD W. HAINES, of Laurel Springs, died at Great 
Lakes Training Station Hospital, on September 24, 1918, 
from disease. He enlisted in the United States Navy a few 
months before and was a victim of pneumonia. He was the son 
of Daniel Haines, of Laurel Springs. 

WILLIAM S. HEY, Corporal, of No. 9 Haddon avenue, Cam- 
den, was killed in action in October, 1918, in the Argonne 
Forest battle. He was a member of Company G, 114th Infan- 
try, and was a member of the 3d Regiment, New Jersey National 
Guards before that regiment was sent to Camp Edge, Sea Girt, 
and Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala., and merged into the 114th 
Infantry . He was 23 years old and was survived by a sister. 

WILLIAM M. HICKMAN, Private, of 613 Market street, Glou- 
cester City, was killed in action on September 29, 1918. 
He was one of twelve volunteers who endeavored to capture 
a German machine gun nest in the Argonne Forest. He was 
shot in the hip and as he fell he was shot in the forehead and 
instantly killed. He was the only one of the twelve to be slain. 
Private Hickman was a member of Company B, 145 Infantry, 
and was drafted April 29, 1918, and sent to Camp Lee Virginia, 
for training. He arrived in France on June 22, 1918. This young 
soldier was the son of William C. and Elizabeth Louise Hick- 
man, of Gloucester City. 

PERCY LINCOLN HOLLINSHED, of Delair, died of wounds 

on June 7, 1918. He was a member of 17th Company, 5th 

Regiment, United States Marine Corps, and enlisted April 14, 

1917. He spent four months at Paris Island Training Camp and 
one month at Quantico. He sailed from Philadelphia on the 
transport Henderson on August 1, 1917, landing at St. Nazairre, 
France. A short time was spent in training at St. Nazairre and 
at Bordeaux. He was in the trenches at Verdun and took part 
in skirmishes that led up to the battle of Belleau Wood, where 
he was fatally wounded. He was 28 years old and the son of 
Mrs. Mary Hollinshed, of Delair. ■ 

WILLIAM HOYLE, Private, of in Seventh avenue, Haddon 
Heights, died from pneumonia near Paris, on October 11, 

1918. He was a student at the University of Pennsylvania, 
and began service with University Unit No. 4, in May, 1917. 
He was sent to Allentown, Pa., for training and sailed for 


France on August 21, 1917. Hoyle was 23 years of age and the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Hoyle, of m Seventh avenue, 
Haddon Heights. 

ELMER HUNT, Private, of 819 Fern street, Camden, died from 
Spanish influenza on October 5, 1918, at Camp Dix. He 
was drafted on May 27, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix, where 
he was assigned to the 23d Company, Military Police. He was 
the son of I. Hunt. 

JOHN T. HYLAND, Lieutenant, of 820 Haddon, Camden, 
died from disease at Tours, France, in June, 1918. He was 
attached in an official capacity to the American Expeditionary 
Force's Post Office. Lieutenant Hyland acted as postmaster 
of Havana, Cuba, during the American occupation of the island 
during the Spanish American War. He was attached to the 
Camden post office when called in the great war and was a mem- 
ber of the Camden County Bar. He was fifty years of age, and 
was summoned into the army service on March 21, 1918, and 
sailed for France April 15, reaching there on May 1. He was 
first sent to the headquarters of General John J. Pershing, at 
Chaumont. Two weeks later he was sent to Tours, where he 
was stricken. He was the husband of Mrs. Emma E. Hyland, 
of 820 Haddon avenue. 

HOWARD JORDAN, Private, of 1134 Clover street, Camden, 
was drafted in May, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix. Pneumonia 
caused his death on December 4, 1918. He was the son of Jerry 
and Kate Jordan. 

EMERSON J. KANE, Private, of 1807 Kossuth street, Camden, 
died of wounds in the Argonne Forest at the beginning of 
that major offensive in September, 1918. Kane was drafted on 
January 3, 1918, and sent to Camp Meade, Maryland, for train- 
ing in the 1st Company, Training Battalion, 154th Depot Brigade. 
He was the son of Lewis Kane, of 1807 Kossuth street. 

CLARENCE E. KANTZ, Sergeant, of 420 South Second street, 
Camden, was killed in action in the Argonne Forest near 
Grand Pre, France, on October 26, 1918. He was cited for 
bravery and awarded a Distinguished Service Cross by General 
John J. Pershing, commander-in-chief. Kantz was drafted and 
sent to Camp Dix on September 8, 1917, and went to France on 
April 13, 1918, as a member of Company E, 311th Infantry. 
His mother was Mrs. Minnie Kantz, of 420 South Second street. 


ENOS S. KIMBLE, Private, of 625 Birch street, Camden, died 
on June 18, 1918, from meningitis at Camp Dix. He was 
drafted May 27 and was ill the day he left for camp. He grew 
rapidly worse and died in the base hospital before he was ever 
assigned to a regiment. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Walter Kimble, and was 22 years old. 

HERMAN JOHN KING, of 208 North Thirty-seventh street, 
Camden, lost his life on the United States collier Cyclops, 
which was sunk on June 14, 1918. He was the son of Arno B. 
King and enlisted in the United States Navy at Indianapolis, 
Indiana, on March 4, 1917, and became a first class fireman. 
King was 24 years old. 

WALTER J. KIRK, Private, of 1838 Fillmore street, Camden, 
was killed in action in France on July 29, 1918. He was 
a member of Company M, 110th Infantry, at the time of his 
death, and enlisted in Company M, 3d Regiment, National 
Guard of Pennsylvania, on March 28, 1917. He was sent with 
his company to guard tunnels when war was declared between 
the United States and Germany. Later he was sent to Camp 
Hancock, Georgia, for training and sailed for France on May 
1, 1918. He was 18 years old and had won a sharpshooter's 
medal. His parents were Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Kirk, of 1838 
Fillmore street. 

WILLIAM S. LASKOWSKI, Fireman, of 1151 Haddon ave- 
nue, Camden, lost his life when the United States destroyer 
Jacob Jones was sunk by an enemy submarine on December 6, 
1917, in European waters together with Henry Philip Favereau, 
of 1307 Lansdowne avenue. Laskowski enlisted under the name 
of William S. Laskon, and had followed the sea for ten years 
before his tragic end. When the destroyer sprung a leak in 
the Delaware Bay during his enlistment he went down in the 
hold and made the repairs at the risk of his life. He was 
wounded in the arm and leg when Mexicans fired on his ship 
during the Mexican armed intervention. He was 27 years old 
and the son of William S. Laskowski, of 1151 Haddon avenue. 

LEON ATKINSON LIPPINCOTT, Private, of 611 Bailey 
street, Camden, was killed in action on October 5, 1918, in 
France. He was a member of Company H, 18th Infantry, and 
was rejected by the regular army recruiting officers in Camden 


because of his eyesight. He was drafted in September, 1917, and 
sent to Camp Dix. His unit sailed for France in January, 1918. 
He was wounded in the leg on July 18, but recovered and was 
killed in the major offensive in the Argonne Forest on October 

5. Private Lippincott was the son of Mr. and Mrs. George S. 
Lippincott and was 23 years old. 

EDGAR BURTON LLOYD, Lieutenant, of Haddonfield, was 
killed in an aeroplane accident at Gerstner Field, Lake 
Charles, Louisiana, on January 17, 1918. He enlisted in the 
United States Marine Corps on April 12, 1917, in Philadelphia, 
and was sent to Lake Charles, where he became a member of 
Reconnoissance Company, United States Marine Corps, 1st 
Aviation Squadron. He was the son of Mrs. George Millpaugh, 
Tracy Apartments, Philadelphia, and made his home with his 
grandfather, Samuel C. Paris, Haddonfield. He was 21 years 

EDWARD M. McGOWAN, Private, of 47 Marlton avenue, 
Camden, died from pneumonia at Camp Hancock, Augusta, 
Georgia, January 15, 1919. He was the husband of Mrs. Emily 
E. McGowan, of 47 Marlton avenue, and was a member of the 
9th Company, 3d Division Barracks. He was buried in Camden. 

JAMES ANTHONY McGUCKIN, Private, of 1037 Haddon ave- 
nue, Camden, died in action in France on October 4, 1918. 
He was a member of the 49th Company, 5th Regiment, United 
States Marine Corps. Private McGuckin was wounded on June 

6, 1918, in battle but recovered to be killed in the later action. 
He was 32 years old and was the son of Mrs. Mary A. McGuckin, 
of 1037 Haddon avenue. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 
1915 and served in the Philippines, Panama Canal and on the 
Mexican border. 

HERSEY MANDER, Private, of 707 Baxter street, Camden. 
died at Camp Dix from heart disease on December 26, 1918. 
Mander was drafted April 26, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix, 
where he was assigned to Battery D, 349th Field Artillery. He 
was the son of Mrs. Mary Mitchell. 

ANTHONY MARTIN, Private, of 1027 Pine street, Camden. 

died of wounds on October II, 1918, in the Argonne Forest 

battle. Private Martin was drafted September 21, 1917, and 

sent to Camp Dix. He was in Battery B, 319th Field Artillery, 


82d Division, and was sent to Camp Gordon, Georgia, on 
NoYcmber 13, 1917. In April, 1918, he was transferred to Camp 
Mills, Long Island, to sail for France. Martin was 28 years old 
and was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Martin, of 1027 Pine 

CHARLES ALBERT MATHEWS, Corporal, 24 years old, of 
24 North Thirty-fourth street, Camden, died in France on 
October 14, 1918, from wounds received in the Argonne Forest 
battle. He was a member of Company G, 114th Infantry, and 
was a gas instructor for his company. Mathews enlisted in the 
3d New Jersey National Guard and was sent with the regiment 
to Camp Edge, Sea Girt, on July 25, 1917, and to Camp Mc- 
Clellan, Anniston, Ala., in September, 1917, where the 3d Regi- 
ment became the 114th Infantry. He was the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles E. A. Mathews, of 24 North Thirty-fourth street. 

EDWIN M. MATTHEWS, Wagoner, of 334 Warren avenue, 
Camden, was drafted May 21, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix, 
where he was assigned to the 14th Company, 153d Depot 
Brigade. On May 27 he was attached to the 407th Engineers 
as wagoner. He died at Camp Dix on October 1, 1918, from 
Spanish influenza and was buried in Camden. He was the son 
of Clarence and Catherine D. Matthews, of 334 Warren avenue. 

EDWARD M. MAY, Private, of 428 Pearl street, Camden, 
came home on a furlough to spend the Christmas holidays 
in 1918 and contracted scarlet fever, dying on December 29. 
He was the son of Mrs. Elizabeth Woltjin, and enlisted on 
June IS, 1918, at the age of 18 years. He was sent to Fort 
Slocum, New York, and became a member of the Insurance 
Department, Quartermaster's Corps. He was transferred to 
Debarkation Hospital Medical Corps, No. 1, Ellis Island. 

ROBERT E. MEGGETT, Private, of 423 Trenton avenue, Cam- 
den, died at Camp Humphreys, Va., from Spanish influenza 
on October 16, 1918. He enlisted on August 8 and on August 
16, 1918, was sent to Fort Slocum, the last enlisted man to 
leave Camden. After that date all voluntary enlistments were 
cancelled by the government and all men were drafted. He was 
transferred to Camp Humphreys in October and contracted a 
severe cold enroute, which resulted in influenza developing. 
Meggett was a member of Company M, 5th Engineer Training 
Regiment, and was the son of William J. and Mamie D. 
Meggett, of 423 Trenton avenue. He was nineteen years old. 


JOHN H. MEISLE, Corporal, of 51 Perm street, Camden, died 
from wounds on July 24, 1918. He was wounded north of 
Belfort, Alsace, France, by an enemy shell. He was a member 
of Company E, 114th Infantry, and was not in battle when 
wounded. He enlisted in the 3d New Jersey National Guards 
and was sent with the regiment to Camp Edge, Sea Girt, on July 
25, 1917, and was transferred in September to Camp McClellan, 
Anniston, Ala. 

ALLAN IRVING MORGAN, Corporal, of Lowell Lane, West- 
mont, died on a transport enroute to France from disease 
on March 22, 1918, and was buried at Brest, France. He was a 
member of Troop G, 15th Cavalry, and enlisted December 22, 
1915, in Philadelphia. He served on the Mexican border in 1916 
and spent 18 months in the Philippines. He was 28 years old 
and the son of Mr. and Mrs. Morris Morgan, Westmont. 

ANGELO MUCCI, Private, of 220 Pine street, Camden, son 
of Domenico Mucci, was killed in action on October 12, 
1918, in the Argonne Forest. He was a member of Company 
I, 314th Infantry, and was drafted on August 15, 1917, and sent 
to Camp Meade, Maryland, for training. 

JAMES L. MURRAY, Private, of Audubon, died of pneumonia 
at Red Cross Military Hospital, No. 3, Paris, on October 
20, 1918, from pneumonia. He enlisted on May 30, 1917, and 
was sent to camp at Allentown, Pa., for training in the United 
States Army Ambulance Corps. He was an ambulance driver 
during the battle of Belleau Wood and the bombardment of 
Paris. He arrived in France December 23, 1917. He was the 
son of Mrs. Annie E. Murray, of Audubon. 

WALTER MURRAY, First Lieutenant, of Park and Sylvan 
avenues, Oaklyn, was killed in an aeroplane accident at 
Hooten Park, Cheshire, England, on May 27, 1918, when the 
wings of his machine collapsed while making a vertical dive. 
Lieutenant Murray was 20 years old and the son of Lieutenant 
J. W. Murray, U. S. N. Lieutenant Walter Murray enlisted in 
the 2d Pennsylvania Field Artillery during the Mexican border 
trouble in 1916 and was ordered to the border. He served in 
the cavalry and as a machine gunner also while on the border 
and finally passed examinations to enter West Point but was 
rejected because of his eye sight. When America entered the 
world war he tried to enlist in the United States Aerial Service 


but was rejected because of his sight. He finally enlisted in the 
Royal British Flying Corps and trained in Canada and Texas, 
and went to England for final training, where he was killed. 

JAMES MURTHA, Private, of 322 Point street, Camden, was 
killed in action on October 7, 1918, in the Argonne Forest 
battle. He was a member of Company L, 337th Infantry, and 
was first reported as missing in action. Murtha was the son of 
Mrs. Emma Murtha, of 322 Point street. 

NORMAN NICHOLSON, Private, of 45 West End avenue, 
Haddonfield, died from pleural pneumonia at Camp Dix on 
October 4, 1918. He was called to the colors on May 27, 1918, 
at the age of twenty-nine years and was attached to the 153d 
Depot Brigade. Owing to his impaired health he was assigned 
to the camp post office as a clerk, and when the Spanish influ- 
enza epidemic broke out he was stricken and pneumonia quickly 
developed. He was the son of Mrs. Anna E. Nicholson, of 

JOHN ALBERT OVERLAND, a drummer boy, of the' 15th 
Company, 6th Machine Gun Battalion, United States Marine 
Corps, was killed in action in Belleau Woods, France, June 15, 
1918. He was the son of Albert G. Overland, of 517 Borton 
street, Camden, and enlisted in the Marine Corps at the age of 
fifteen years as a bugler on July 21, 1914. He was among the 
first troops to land in France. At the time of his death he was 
rated a drummer boy. 

NOAH J. PALMER, Private, of 701 Baxter street. Camden, died 
in France on December 5, 1918, from pneumonia. He was 
drafted April 25, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix to become a 
member of Battery D, 349th Field Artillery. He was the hus- 
band of Mrs. Clara Palmer and son of Mrs. Mary Anderson. 

LEON P. PARKER, Private, of 139 North Twenty-sixth street, 
Camden died at Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala., on October 
13, 1918, from plural pneumonia. He enlisted in Company B, 
Camden Engineers, in April, 1917, and left with the company 
for Sea Girt on July 25, 1917. In August he was transferred 
to Camp McClellan, where the company became part of the 
104th Engineers. He was injured at the camp and an operation 
prevented him from going to France when the regiment sailed 


in June. 1918. After recovering from the operation he was de- 
tained at the camp in a clerical capacity and succumbed during 
the Spanish influenza epidemic. He was the son of Henry and 
Annie Parker, of Parkertown, N. J., and made his home with his 
sister, Mrs. Alice P. Farrell, of 139 North Twenty-sixth street. 
Parker was twenty-two years old at the time of his death. 

BERT PENNINGTON, Private, of 900 Penn street, Camden, 
died of pneumonia in France on October 7, 1918. Penning- 
ton enlisted on June 3, 1918, and was sent to Camp Humphreys, 
Va., where he became a member of Company M, 2d Engineers. 
From there he was sent overseas, where he died. He was the 
husband of Mrs. Laura Pennington and the son of Mrs. Mary 
Ann Pennington, of 952 South Ninth street. 

OLIVER R. PURNELL, Private, of 917 North Thirty-second 
street, Camden, died from odemia of lungs, brought about 
as the result of mustard gassing by the enemy in the Chateau- 
Thierry. His death occurred on July 5, 1918. He enlisted on 
April 3, 1917, and was sent to Fort Slocum, New York, where he 
was assigned to Company I, 30th Infantry. He was transferred 
to Company I, 38th Infantry, then the Machine Gun Company of 
the 23d Infantry, and later to Company D, 5th Machine Gun 
Battalion. He was the son of Oliver and Emily Purnell, of 917 
North Thirty-second street. 

JOHN HOWARD READ, Regimental Sergeant Major, of 2926 
Westfield avenue, Camden, died of pneumonia in France 
on February 17, 1919. He was the son of Rev. John R. Read, 
then pastor of Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church, Camden. 
Sergeant Major Read was drafted on February 27, 1918, and 
sent to Camp Dix. He was a stenographer and was immedi- 
ately attached to headquarters of the 78th Division. He was 
promoted Battalion Sergeant Major in June, 1918, just as the 
division was sailing for overseas. He was promoted Regimental 
Sergeant Major in France. 

CORNELIOUS REDD, Private, of 1814 Mulford street, Cam- 
den, died from Spanish influenza at Camp Dix on October 
7, 1918, after two weeks service in the army. He was drafted 
on September 26, 1918, and sent to the cantonement, where he 
was assigned to Company 5, Section S, Colored Detention 
Barracks. He was buried in Camden county. Private Redd 
was twenty-one years old and the son of Mrs. Clara Redd, of 
1046 Ferry avenue. 


SAMUEL J. REICHARD, Private, of 1138 Louis street, Cam- 
den, was killed on October 12, 1918, during the initial attack 
on Bois de'Ormont, north of Verdun, France. He was attempt- 
ing to capture a German machine gun position when he was 
missed. He was reported missing first by the Government. It 
was first believed he had been taken prisoner, but it later de- 
veloped that he had been killed. Reichard was a member ot 
Company G, 114th Infantry, and left Camden with the 3d Regi- 
ment New Jersey National Guard, on July 25, 1917. He was 
the son of Jacob Reichard, of 1138 Louis street. 

RICHARD L. REIGHN, Private, resided at 15 East Atlantic 
avenue, Haddon Heights, when he enlisted in the old 3d 
Regiment, New Jersey National Guard, in 1916. He went to Sea 
Girt with the regiment on July 25, 1917, and also to Camp 
McClellan, Anniston, Alabama, when the New Jersey Guards- 
men were sent there. When the Twenty-ninth Division was 
formed he became a member of Company F, 114th Infantry, and 
went overseas with that unit. Reighn was killed in action on 
October 12, 1918, in the Argonne Forest. At first he was re- 
ported missing, but the Government later confirmed his death. 
He was the son of William and Marie Reighn, of 428 Evans 
street, Camden. 

JAMES E. REYNOLDS, Sergeant, of 458 Liberty street, Cam- 
den, died from disease contracted on a return trip to this city 
in quest of a deserter. He located the deserter at Riverton, but 
was stricken with pneumonia and died at Cooper Hospital on 
April 10, 1918. He was a member of Company G, 114th Infan- 
try, and was a member of the 3d New Jersey National Guard 
ten years before the regiment went to Camp McClellan, Annis- 
ton, Ala. He came from Anniston to Riverton to capture the 
deserter. He was the husband of Mrs. Fannie Reynolds, of 458 
Liberty street. 

HARRY ROLES, of no Lawnside avenue, Collingswood, died 
at Great Lakes Naval Station on October 3, 1918, from spinal 
meningitis, following an attack of Spanish influenza and 
pneumonia. He was the husband of Mrs. Eva Roles, of Atlantic 
avenue, Collingswood, and the son of William M. Roles, of 
Knight avenue, the same borough. At the age of thirty years 
he enlisted in the Naval Aviation Corps on June 27, 1918, but 
was not called to service until September 9. He was dead in 
less than a month after entering the service. 


DAVID H. ROSS, Private, of 844 Spruce street, Camden, died at 
Camp Meade, Maryland, September 28, 1918, from pneu- 
monia. He was the son of Horace and Sarah Ross and the hus- 
band of Mrs. Thelma Porter Ross. He was drafted August 28, 
1918, and sent to Camp Meade, where he was assigned to the 
12th Company, 154th Depot Brigade. Later he was transferred 
to Company D, 32d Machine Gun Battalion. 

BENJAMIN J. SANDLOW, Private, of 1238 Mechanic street, 
Camden, was killed in action on July 18, 1918, at the begin- 
ning of the Allies major offensive. He enlisted right atfer the 
United States entered the Great War and was sent to Fort 
Slocum. He was assigned to Company F, 9th infantry. Sandlow 
was reported missing on July 18 and a year later the Government 
officially declared him dead. He was the son of Mrs. Mary 
Sandlow, of 1238 Mechanic street. 

ALBERT T. SCHLEICHER, JR., lived on Jackson avenue, 
North Merchantville. He entered the service in August, 
1918, in the ground aviation service. He spent two months at 
Camp Humphreys, and died there of Spanish influenza on 
October 9, 1918. 

WILLIAM SCHUCKER, Private, of 935 Pearl street, Camden, 
was killed in action in France on October 16, 1918. Schucker 
was a member of the Machine Gun Company of the 309th Infan- 
try when he was killed in the Argonne Forest. He was drafted in 
February, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix, prior to which time he 
was a member of the Camden City Fire Department. He was 
the son of Mrs. Mary Schucker. 

JOHN J. SHELDON, Private, of Gloucester City, died at 
Syracuse Recruit Camp, Syracuse, New York, on October 
13, 1918, from pneumonia. The young man was drafted July 
29, 1918, and sent to Syracuse, where he was assigned to Battery 
A, 126th Field Artillery. He was the son of Louis and Mary 
Sheldon, and resided at 100 North Broadway, Gloucester 

KENNETH L. STECK, Private, of 214 North Fifth street, 
Camden, died from pneumonia in April. 1918, at Camp Mc- 
Clellan, Anniston, Ala. He enlisted in the Camden Engineers 
and became a member of Company B, 104th Engineers, when 
his outfit reached Anniston for training. Private Steck was 24 
years old and was the son of Rev. A. R. Steck, of Carlisle, Pa. 


HARRY A. STEEPLE, Private, of 826 South Fifth street, Cam- 
den, was killed in a heroic manner at Vaux, France, July 
2, 1918. He was a member of Company E, 9th Infantry, and he 
gave his life while participating in the capture of 500 Germans. 
His body was buried at Monnaux, France. He was a dispatch 
bearer or runner and was taking a dispatch for his command- 
ing officer while his company was forcing the enemy to retreat 
when he was killed. Private Steeple enlisted in the Navy when 
America entered the war. He marched away with the Second 
Battalion, New Jersey Naval Militia, to League Island, on Easter 
Day, 1917, but was rejected. On July 20, 1917, he enlisted in 
the army, and was sent to Fort Slocum. He sailed for France 
on September 7, 1917. The young soldier was the only son of 
Mr. and Mrs. John Steeple, of 826 South Fifth street. 

EDWARD J. STIEGERWALD, Private, of 605 South Third 
street, Camden, was drafted April 17, 1918, and sent to 
Camp Dix, where he was assigned to Battery A. 307th Field 
Artillery. He was badly wounded in the Argonne Forest battle 
on October 21, 1918, and died two days later. He was the son 
of Edward Stiegerwald, of 605 South Third street. 

FRED D. STIMPSON, Private, of 325 Walnut avenue, Audu- 
bon, died from pneumonia on October 12, 1918, shortly after 
he arrived in France. He was a member of Battery F, 73d Rail- 
way Artillery Regiment. He enlisted in the Coast Artillery on 
May 15, 1918, at the age of 21 years, and was sent to Fort 
Slocum, New York. He was transferred to Fort Adams, Rhode 
Island, and sailed for France in September and arrived on the 
last day of the month. He died thirteen days after reaching 
France. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. William P. Stimpson. 

EBEN STOUT, Private, of 1140 South Tenth street, Camden, 
was killed in action on September 26, 1918, in the Argonne 
Forest battle. Stout entered the service November 28, 1917, and 
was sent to Camp Merritt as a member of Company M, 15th 
New York Infantry. This became Company M, of 369th Infan- 
try, and sailed for France in January, 1918. He was the son of 
George and Isabella Stout. 

WILLIAM P. TATEM, Private, of 885 Haddon avenue, Col- 

lingswood, died at Camp Devons, Massachusetts, from pneu- 
monia on March 30, 1918. At the age of twenty-five years he 
enlisted on March 1, 1918, and on the eighteenth of the month 


he was sent to Fort Slocum. From there he was transferred 
to Camp Devens in a few days and assigned to Company B, 
33d Engineers. His death occurred within a month from the 
day he enlisted. He was the son of Henry R. Tatem, of 

GEORGE E. TREBING, Private, of 508 North Fifth street, 
Camden, died of wounds on October 19, 1918, in a church 
partially wrecked by the enemy at Grand Pre, which was being 
used as a hospital. He was charging with his squad in Com- 
pany D, 309th Infantry, when he was shot in the side by German 
machine gunners and fell. A comrade carried him back to the 
old church, where he died. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Carl E. Trebing, and was 29 years old when drafted on February 
25, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix for training. 

RAYMOND C. THOIRS, Corporal, of 524 Market street, Cam- 
den, died of wounds on October 5, 1918. He was a member 
of Companj r B, 104th Engineers, and his regiment had just left 
Malincourt and was on its way to the Argonne Forest when he 
was wounded on September 25, 1918. Corporal Thoirs enlisted in 
the Camden Engineers and was sent to Camp McClellan, 
Anniston, Ala., for training. The regiment sailed for France on 
June 20, 1918. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. James M. 
Thoirs, and was twenty-two years of age. 

ALBERT CHARLES THOMPSON, Private, of 425 Market 
street, Camden, was killed in action on October 19, 1918, at 
Boisi Loge, between Grand Pre and St. Juvin, France. He was 
a member of Company D, 309th Infantry, and joined the 2d 
New Jersey Field Artillery, which was recruited soon after 
this country entered the world war. He secured his discharge 
from the artillery so that he could be drafted. He was called 
on February 25, iqi8, and sent to Camp Dix. His regiment left 
the cantonement for France on May 29, 1918. Thompson was 
twenty-four years old and the son of Sergeant Charles F. 
Thompson, of Company A, Camden Battalion, State Militia 

JOSEPH A. TINSMAN, First Lieutenant, husband of Katherine 
Ormsby Tinsman, 410 North Centre street, Merchantville, 
was commissioned at Harrisburg, Pa., where he was an assistant 
engineer for the State Department of Health. He was called 
to service on November 17, 1917, entering the Sanitary Corps, 


26th Engineers, Company E, and was sent to Camp Dodge, 
Iowa. He stayed there for six months and then went to Camp 
Wheeler, Georgia, for one month. On August 17, 1918, he 
sailed from New York for Liverpool. Soon after landing he 
was sent to Le Havre, France, where he began active service im- 
mediately. He was in the battle at Argonne Forest. While rush- 
ing one of his motor water purification tanks to the front 
lines, over a shell swept road between St. Pierre and Sommath, 
he received his mortal wound in October. 

WILLIAM TROUTT, Private, of 321 Oakland avenue, Audu- 
bon, was killed in action on October 18, 1918, in the Argonne 
Forest. He went to France as a member of Company D, 312th 
Infantry, arriving there on June 6, 1918. Troutt was drafted 
February 28, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix for training. His 
parents are deceased, and his oldest sister is Mrs. Frank Kelly, 
of 220 Merchant street, Audubon. 

WILLIAM E. TRUXTON, Private, 121 North Twenty-first 
street, Camden, died at the Camden County Tuberculosis 
Sanitorium at Ancora from pneumonia and tuberculosis on Feb- 
ruary 7, 1918. He was a member of Company K, 311th Infantry, 
and was drafted on September 20, 1917, and sent to Camp Dix. 
He had been ill a year and when subjected to army life, he 
quickly wasted and became so ill on a visit home that he was 
unable to return to camp. He was removed to the county hos- 
pital, where he died. Private Truxton was twenty-one years old 
and was the son of George E. and Rose B. Truxton, of 454 East 
Main street, Moorestown. 

WALTER TUCKER, Private, of Haddonfield, was killed in 
action September 20, 1918, near Belfort, France, in the Alsace 
sector. He was a member of Company G, 114th Infantry, and 
left Camden with the 3d Regiment, New Jersey National Guard, 
on July 25, 1917, for Camp Edge, and later was sent with his 
regiment to Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala., for several 
months training before going overseas. 

FRANK H. VALENTINE, Private, of nil Penn street, Cam- 
den, was killed in action in the Argonne Forest on Novem- 
ber 6, 1918. Drafted on May 13, the same year, he was sent 
to Camp Hancock, Georgia, and became a member of Company 
II, Machine Gun Training Center. When transferred for over- 
seas duty he was attached to the Machine Gun Company of the 
i02d Infantry. He was the son of Mrs. Clara Sophia Valentine. 


GAETANO VINCIGNERRA, Private, of 912 Locust street, 
Camden, was killed in action in the Argonne Forest on 
October 4, 1918. The son of Alfred Vincignerra, he was drafted 
on February 25, 1918, and sent to Camp Dix for training. He 
became a member of Company D, 309th Infantry, and sailed 
to France wfth that regiment in May, 1918. 

HARRY C. WAGNER, Private, of 641 Pine street, Camden, 
was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Philip Wagner. He enlisted 
June 2, 1917, as a member of Battery B, 79th Field Artillery, 
first going to Camp Slocum, then to Camps Riley, Merritt and 
Fort Sam Houston. He sailed for overseas September 18, 1918, 
and died at Pont du Lac, France, March 27, 1919, from 

MARTIN R. WALDVOGEL, Private, of Atco, was stricken on 
November 14, 1918, and died two days later from pneumonia. 
He served in Headquarters Company, 312th Infantry, 78th 
Division, in all the important battles that division was in. He 
was drafted February 25, 1918. and sent to Camp Dix for train- 
ing. He sailed for overseas with his regiment in the following 
May. The young soldier was the son of Martin and Daisy 
Waldvogel, of Atco. 

AUGUST F. WALTER, Private, was 30 years old, and resided 
at 1033 South Fifth street, Camden, where he left his 
widowed mother, Mrs. Emma Walter, when he departed as a 
selectman on May 27, 1918, going to Camp Dix. He left for 
France August 24 as a member of Company C, 312 Engineers. 
He contracted pneumonia and died in France on October 22, 

ELIZABETH H. WEIMANN was a nurse at Cooper Hospital 
until she enlisted with the American Red Cross and went 
abroad. She did splendid work, especially in connection with 
the outbreak of the Spanish influenza. Miss Weimann con- 
tracted this malady and died on November 6, 1918. Her mother 
is Mrs. Bertha Helen Weimann, of 217 Ninth avenue, Haddon 
Heights. She was the only woman in the service from Camden 
county to give her life in the Great War. 

PHILIP C. WENDELL, Private, of 320 Point street, Camden, 
was drafted August 28, 1918, and went to Camp Meade as 
a member of the 12th Company, 3d Training Battalion, 154th 
Depot Brigade. He died from pneumonia at Camp Meade in 
November, 1918. 


EARL C. WILLETT, Private, of 571 Mickle street, Camden, 
died on October 16, 1918, in Cooper Hospital from Spanish 
influenza. He was a member of Battery E, 7th Field Artillery, 
and was gassed so badly in the battle of Toul, France, on March 
26, 1918, that he was sent back to this country to recuperate. 
He suffered from a throat and lung affection as the result of 
the gas attack and was being treated at the Government Army 
Hospital at Otisville, New York. While home on a furlough 
during the influenza epidemic he contracted the disease and 
died. He was 21 years of age and was the son of Mrs. Matilda 
Willett. He enlisted May 8, 1917, and was sent to Fort Slocum, 
New York. He was transferred to Fort Sam Houston, Texas, 
from which camp he went overseas. 

NORMAN W. WOHLKEN, Private, of 2006 Cooper street, 
Camden, died of wounds in the Argonne Forest battle on 
October 26, 1918. He was wounded in the back and succumbed 
from the loss of blood. Wohlken was drafted February 25, 
1918, and sent to Camp Dix, where he was assigned to Company 
C, 309th Infantry, 78th Division, with which regiment he sailed 
for France in May, 1918. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
William H. Wohlken, of 2005 Cooper street. 

JOHN WOJTKOWIAK, Private, of 1212 Chestnut street, Cam- 
den, was killed in action on November 1, 1918, near St. 
George's, in the Meuse, by shell fire. Death came instantly to 
this young man, who was a student for holy orders. He was 
drafted July 9, 1918, and sent to Camp Humphreys, Va. He was 
a member of Company D, 4th Engineers. He was the son of 
Mr. and Mrs. John L. Wojtkowiak, of 1212 Chestnut street. 

THOMAS H. WRIGHT, Private, was 22 years old and the son 

of Mrs. Margaret Wright, of 34 York street, Camden. He 
was one of the selectmen, entering the service September 9, 
1918, as a member of Company L, E. T. R. He went to Camp 
Humphreys, where he remained four weeks and two days, when 
he died from pneumonia on October n, 1918. 

ELLWOOD K. YOUNG, Private, of 21 West Stiles avenue, 
Collingswood, died from pneumonia on December 2, 1918, 
just two days after being pronounced cured from wounds re- 
ceived during an accident in the Argonne Forest. Young was 
a motorcycle runner and in rising from a shell hole during an 


attack his belt became fastened in something and was torn from 
his waist. When the pistol in the holster fastened to the belt 
fell, the weapon exploded and he was wounded. He recovered 
only to contract pneumonia. Young was twenty years old and 
enlisted July 21, 1917, in the old 3d Regiment four days before 
its departure for Camp Edge, Sea Girt. He went to Camp 
McClellan, Anniston, Alabama, with the regiment and was 
transferred to Company B, 111th Machine Gun Battalion. He 
was the son of William H. and Azza Young, of Collingswood. 

TOWNSEND C. YOUNG, Private, of Gloucester City, wa? 
killed in action on October 12, 1918, north of Verdun 
when the 29th Division entered the Argonne-Meuse battle. He 
was a member of Company G, 114th Infantry, and went away 
from Camden with the 3d New Jersey National Guard, on July 
25, 1917, and was trained at Camp Edge, New Jersey, and Camp 
McClellan, Anniston, Ala. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Young, of Gloucester City. 




C » 
5 J" 



Navae Militia. 

THE first military organization to be called into ser- 
vice immediately after America entered the war 
was the Second Battalion, Naval Militia, National Guard 
of New Jersey. The organization was ordered mobilized 
on the night of the day that war was declared, April 6, 
1 9 17, and within three hours 85 per cent, of the men 
had reported to their barracks on the fourth floor of the 
Temple Building. They marched away on Easter Sun- 
day morning, April 8, in command of Commander 
Francis W. Hoffman. City Solicitor E. G. C. Bleakly 
bade them farewell on behalf of the city and Rev. John 
B. Haines, D. D., pastor of Centenary M. E. Church; 
Rev. George H. Hemingway, D. D., pastor of First 
Presbyterian Church, and Rev. Homer J. Vosburgh, D. 
D., pastor of North Baptist Church, presented each man 
with New Testaments on behalf of the Christian ministry 
of the city. 

There were 225 officers and men in the battalion con- 
sisting of three divisions of seamen and one division of 
engineers. They left for League Island Navy Yard to 
report aboard the United States cruiser Chicago for 
training. These men soon became seasoned seamen and 
were transferred to different branches of the Navy. 
Quite a number remained aboard the Chicago during the 
war. Some of the former militiamen went into Siberia 
with the American forces. 

The officers of the battalion were: Commander, Fran- 
cis W. Hoffman; Lieutenant Commander, William G. 
Hodgson; Lieutenants, Edward O. Holloway, William 
J. Auten and George W. Keefe; Lieutenants, junior 
grade, Henry R. De La Rente, Stewart Johnson, Wilton 
R. Cole, Townsend E. Boyer; Ensign, James G. Wil- 
liamson; Assistant Surgeon, David F. Bentley, Jr., M. 


D. ; Past Assistant Paymaster, Albert F. Wayne ; Assist- 
ant Paymaster, Dr. Harold I. Cragin. 

Departure of Guardsmen 

Wednesday, July 25, 1917, was one of those humid, 
sticky midsummer days with the early morning sun hid- 
den behind a midst. The night before had been hot, but 
it did not prevent the relatives of the boys of the Camden 
companies, of the old Third Regiment, Battery B and 
Company B, 104th Engineers, crowding the armories to 
see as much of their boys before the departure as pos- 
>ible. Many took their final leave then and the scenes 
all about were very affecting. As for the youthful sol- 
diers themselves, they did not have very much time for 
sentiment because everything had to be in readiness for 
the departure the next morning. It was indeed a hustling 
scene, although in later days and after the gruelling ex- 
periences with actual warfare their efforts then were 
rather amateurish. But the spirit was willing and what 
they lacked in training they made up in energy, so that 
by sunup on the 25th all was in readiness for the leave- 
taking from their armories. 

With Mayor Ellis at the head, the Public Safety Com- 
mittee planned to see the Battery, the Engineers and the 
old Third off, but the artillerymen had entrained before 
it was possible to assist in escorting them to the train on 
Border street, just opposite the Camden Iron Works. 
However, the committee arrived before the train left and 
the young guardsmen were given a royal sendoff. One 
of the cars bore the legend in chalk : 

"Battery B off to give the Kaiser hell." 

That showed the spirit of the boys and caused many 
smiles amidst the tears of those left behind. The young- 
sters in khaki yelled their farewells to relatives and 
friends and were quite anxious to get off because the 
partings in most cases had touched them deeply. They 


waved their hands and the crowd yelled as exactly at 8 
o'clock the train pulled up the grade and left for Sea 

Then the committee, with the mayor, hurried to the 
Third Regiment armory where Companies B, C, D and 
M, under command of Major Winfield S. Price, to- 
gether with the company of engineers in command of 
Captain Howard B. Keasby, were getting ready to leave. 
There was a great throng along Haddon avenue waiting 
for the big armory doors to open and finally they slowly 
raised. There was heard a bugle call and then the tramp, 
tramp of hundreds of feet. And with Colonel Thomas 
D. Landon at the head, issued forth the gallant old 
Third with the regimental band playing "Auld Lang 
Syne." There was a thrill and sudden silence on the 
throng and then it burst into such cheers as the city had 
never heard before. Rank after rank followed the col- 
onel and with heavy army accoutrement the boys took 
up the march to the Federal street terminal to entrain. 

This soul-stirring procession was headed by Police 
Captain William E. Alberts and a squad of mounted 
policemen, then the mayor and the Public Safety Com- 
mittee afoot followed by the guardsmen and the engi- 
neers. All along the way the curbline was crowded by 
thousands and it was quite evident that virtually all the 
city and county was out to give the boys off to war God 
speed. It was one of those inspiring scenes never to be 
forgotten by those who witnessed the marching away 
of those in whom the heart of the community was 

At the terminal there were many affecting scenes as 
mother or sister or sweetheart, and in a few instances 
wives, parted from their loved ones. Quite a number 
swooned and even some of the boys who had but a day 
before been working in factory or office and who were not 
altogether physically trained for the march with heavy 
accoutrements collapsed and had to be carried to the 


waiting train. This was held in readiness under the 
great trainshed where the relatives and friends as well 
as the city's official representatives went and remained 
until at 9 o'clock when the signal was given and the start 
to Sea Girt was made. And at the time the murkiness 
of the skies cleared and the sun peeped forth as the train 
carrying all the hopes of Camden county disappeared 
down the tracks, taking the loved ones to the great un- 
known adventure. It was considered a happy omen by 
many a bleeding heart, but in that great subsequent 
Armageddon some were destined to be disappointed, even 
though most of them did come back. 

On the way to Sea Girt, the guardsmen took up the 
other companies located in various parts of South Jersey 
so that by the time camp was reached that momencous 
day Colonel Landon had virtually all his men with him. 
For several weeks, the Third, the battery and the engi- 
neers remained at Sea Girt and then wenc to Anniston. 
When they left the local contingents had the following 
officers : 

Colonel Thomas D. Landon, Bordentown; Lieutenant 
Colonel Daniel O. Mathers, Woodbury; Majors C. W. 
Shivers, Woodbury; Winfield S. Price, Camden, and 
Raymond G. Nixon, Woodbury; Captain and Adjutant 
J. Walter Scott, Camden; Captain and Quartermaster 
Walter H. Leedom, West Collingswood ; Captain and 
Commissary Edmund DuBois, Woodbury; Chaplain 
Charles B. Dubell, Woodbury; First Lieutenant and Bat- 
talion Adjutants Vernon L. D. Stultz, Glassboro, and 
W. H. Carpenter, Camden; Second Lieutenant and Bat- 
talion Quartermaster Edgar A. Anderson, Camden ; Gar- 
rett R. Schenck, Woodbury, and Carl Voelker, Ventnor 
City; Medical Officers — Major Albert B. Davis, Cam- 
den ; Captain Rubert Stevers, Bordentown ; First Lieu- 
tenant E. M. Duffield, Glassboro; First Lieutentant 
Thomas Lewis, Merchantville ; Major and Disbursing 
Officer William H. Chew, Merchantville; Line Officers — 





Captains Landon E. Angel, Queen Lane, Pa., Co. A. ; 
William J. Gore, Camden, Co. B ; George L. Selby, Cam- 
den, Co. C; Henry E. Ankener, West Collingswood, Co. 
D; James F. Long, Mt. Holly, Co. E; First Lieutenants 
Harry Mayhew, Co. F; Vance L. Ealy, Ocean City, Co. 
G; Walter L. Auten, Asbury Park, Co. H ; Albert G. Jag- 
gard, Sewell, Co. I ; Leonidas Coyle, Bridgeton, Co. K ; 
Abasalom S. Wescott, Atlantic City, Co. L; Edward B. 
Stone, Burlington, Co. M. 

Battery B — Captain John H. Dittess, First Lieutenants 
Charles D. Dickinson and John W. Hicks, Second Lieu- 
tenants Charles S. Richards and George S. Middleton. 

Company B, 104th Engineers — Captain Howard 
Keasby, Salem; First Lieutenants Beale M. Schmucker, 
Haddon Heights, and Maxwell B. Allen, Wenonah ; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant W. W. Schultz, East Orange. On the 
day Co. B left Camden it was joined by twenty men 
recruited at East Orange by Lieutenant Schultz. 



THE first elements of the 29th Division, which be- 
came known as the Blue and the Gray Division 
because it was made up of National Guardsmen from 
New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia and District of Colum- 
bia, arrived in France on June 28, 1918, debarking at 
St. Nazaire. The division was considered able to fight 
without further training and entered the Alsace line, 
where it stayed two months, holding two different sec- 
tors, the first quiet and the second enlivened by hot raids 
and heavy shell fire. 

The Germans here tried their famous trick of dress- 
ing up in French uniforms and running into the Amer- 
ican lines, shouting in French, "Don't shoot !" This was 
followed by a big raiding party which hit the line at a 
point held by Company H, 113th Infantry. Lieutenant 
Mayer organized resistance, even calling up cooks from 
behind the lines. The raid was checked and a counter 
raid that was carried out later wrecked the German 

The Germans also sprang an entirely new trick on the 
29th, pouring cresote on them from aeroplanes. This 
medieval performance was ineffectual. 

The 29th had a career different from most American 
divisions, because it was in closer touch with the French 
throughout and ably co-operated with them, often using 
their methods. Some French experts served with the 
29th in the Alsace trenches. 

On September 24 the division pulled out of Alsace 
and went to Verdun as a resrve for the Argonne attack. 
It had a long, terrible march up what the French call the 
"Sacred Way" from Bar le Due to Verdun. Near 
Verdun there was a great assemblage of lorries with 


Commander of the Twenty-Ninth Division 


Chinese drivers ready to take them to the Argonne in 
case of necessity. 

Headquarters were posted in the Verdun citadel and 
the men slept two nights on the roadside in buses. The 
division moved northward October 7, starting at 2 
o'clock in the morning in black dark and pouring rain. 
It hiked all night, soaked to the skin. 

This whole Meuse region wherein the 29th operated 
was covered by constant shell fire and drenched with 
deadly gases, which hung in the woods and reeked in 
the valleys, making it one of the worst in the war. 

Plan oe Battle. 

General Claudel, of the 17th French Corps, com- 
manded the front into which the 29th Division was sent, 
with the 33d and 26th Divisions. The plans of General 
Claudel contemplated that the attack should be begun by 
his two French divisions in line, the 18th and the 26th. 
The 1 8th lay in its trenches with its left on the Meuse, 
at Samogneux, and its right about two and one-half kilo- 
meters east of there. The 26th lay to the right of the 
18th as far as Beaumont, also on a front of about two 
and one-half kilometers. Still further to the right was a 
French Colonial Corps, with the 15th Colonial Division, 
next to the right of the 26th Division, and the 10th 
Colonial Division still to the right of that. 

The 18th Division was to attack straight north, taking 
Haumont, the Bois de Brabant and Ormont Farm. The 
26th Division was to take the Bois des Caures, directly 
in its front, and later the village of Flabas, north and 
slightly east of the woods. The 15th Colonial Division 
was to actively protect the right of the 26th by advanc- 
ing and occupying the ridge of Caurrieres and the 
southern part of l'Herbebois. The 10th Colonial 
Division, curving round the bend in the front which ran 
southeastward toward Fresnes and the old St. Mihiel 


salient, was to stand fast, but ready to attack if events 

Only after the 18th Division should have advanced 
some distance would it be possible for troops of the 33d 
and 29th Divisions to move forward, when they 
would cross the river and swing in on the left flank of the 
1 8th Division in the widening space between that flank 
and the Meuse. For this purpose the 58th Brigade of 
the 29th Division only was at first attached to the 
1 8th French Division, and was assembled on the west 
side of the canal, which had been wrested from the 
enemy, between Samogneux and Brabant. From the 
latter point to Consenvoye, two and one-half kilometers 
northwest, troops of the 33d Division lay west of the 
river ready to advance at the proper time. 

The mission of the 58th Brigade, 29th Division, was 
to clear the Bois de Consenvoye, the ravines and the 
edges of the Bassois Bois and the Bois Plat-Chene, north 
of it, and thereafter to direct their attack northeastward. 
The mission of the 33d Division was to clear the east 
bank of the Meuse northward to Sivry and toward the 
westward bend at Vilesnes; this with their left flank, 
while further east, they would take the Bois de Chaume 
and, in conjunction with the 58th Brigade, the Bois 
Plat-Chene, later coming up on the escarpments of the 
Grande Montagne. The 26th U. S. Division was, for 
the present, held in reserve at Verdun. 

Battle Begins. 

The attack was calculated to be a surprise and it went 
over the top without artillery preparation at 5 o'clock 
on the morning of October 8. A vigorous barrage was 
started at the instant that the infantry moved for- 
ward. The desired surprise was effected and the re- 
sults of the first day were highly satisfactory. For the 
establishment of communications across the river, dur- 




ing the previous night the ioth Division Engineers at 
Samogneux and the 17th Army Corps Engineers at 
Regnsville had built bridges, while at dawn and under 
intense shell fire the ioth Engineers of the 33d Division 
threw one bridge about 120 feet long across the river 
at Brabant and another at Consenvoye, later repairing 
the permanent bridge at Consenvoye, and these bridges 
the American troops utilized in carrying out their part 
of the attack. The 13th and 26th Divisions attained 
their normal objectives, the latter taking the Bois de 
Caures and approaching Flabas, the former going ahead 
about three kilometers into the Bois de Bribant. 

The 58th U. S. Brigade, 29th Division, under com- 
mand of Col. B. A. Caldwell, attacked from the canal 
bank with the 115th Infantry on the left and the 116th 
on the right and protected by an accurate barrage from 
the 15th Field Artillery Brigade. The advance pushed 
on rapidly and with few casualties, driving the enemy 
ahead and taking many prisoners, to a line through the 
southern part of the Bois de Consenvoye and around into 
the Bois de Brabant, on the edge of the Haumont ravine, 
where it had liaison with the rest of the 19th Division. 
It had broken through two intrenched lines and captured 
the formidable heights of Malbrouck Hill and Hill 338. 
About 9 o'clock in the morning two battalions of the 
I32d Infantry of the 33d Division crossed the river at 
Brabant and attacked north against the Bois de Chaume, 
• taking the whole woods to its north edge, but later draw- 
ing back to the south edge to maintain liaison with the 
flank of the 58th Brigade, which was not so far north 
in the Bois de Consenvoye. 

As soon as the Germans recovered from the confusion 
caused by the first surprise attack on the second day's 
battle, their immense artillery and machine gun strength 
began to utilize the advantage of conditions, and there- 
after the progress of the French and American divisions 
was made more slowly and at heavy cost. But the pro- 


gress accomplished, amounted, in substance, to a gradual 
right turn on the pivot of the 26th French Division 
near Beaumont, which, as the rest of the front advanced 
northeastward slowly worked its left up toward Flabas, 
while the 18th Division, further west, swung on a 
slightly larger arc toward Crepion and Moirey. 

The 58th Brigade of the 29th Division lay on its line 
through the Bois de Consenvoye on October 9, because 
the 1 8th Division, to its right, was not far enough 
advanced to warrant a further attack. Consequently, 
when the attack was resumed on the 10th, the enemy was 
thoroughly prepared and efforts in conjunction with the 
33d Division on the left, to secure the whole of the Bois 
de Chaume and the Bois Plat Chene, were repulsed until 
toward evening, when part of the last-mentioned wood 
was secured. Facing a shell fire the next day, chiefly 
from the Grande Montagne and the Bois d'Etrayes, so 
terrific that it eventually cut down all the thick underbush 
in the Bois de Consenvoye, the 58th Brigade, 29th Di- 
vision, now under its own division command, pushed up 
to the south edge of the Molleville Farm, clearing and 
consolidated positions, thence west through the Bois Plat- 
Chene, which were held until the 15th. 

Meantime, on October 12, the 57th Brigade, with the 
114th Infantry on the right and the 113th on the left, 
endeavored to clear the Bois de la Reine and the Bois 
d'Ormont, in liaison with the 18th Division, but the 
resistance was very violent, and little progress was made. 

October 12 will remain in the memory of the troops of 
the 1 14th Infantry as long as they live. The 2d Battalion, 
formerly members of the old 3d Regiment, New Jersey 
National Guards, began action without artillery support. 
They succeeded in advancing 1,000 meters in a sector 
where the French had tried five times and failed to gain. 
After making the advance named they held on for five 
days, 300 meters in advance of the French Division. 
When they began action on this eventful day they had 


Commander of Company G, 114th Infantry; promoted for br 
ery on the field after the famous charge in the Argonne 
Forest October 12th, 1918 


one French battery for support and the enemy located 
this battery and put it out of commission in the early 
stages of the battle. The battalion was then dependent 
on the one pounders of Headquarters Company in com- 
mand of Lieutenant Albert S. Howard, of Camden, 
which were blown to atoms. Four hundred and eighty 
men in the regiment were killed, fifteen hundred 
wounded and gassed, ninety per cent, of the officers killed 
or wounded and out of 3,500 men in the 114th Regi- 
ment, who went into battle, but 681 were fit for duty. 
Most qf these men suffered machine gun bullet wounds 
in the knees and recovered. Captain Williams, of Com- 
pany E, and Captain Shumacker, of Company F, were 
killed. Captain George L. Selby, of Company G, and 
Captain Edward B. Stone, of Company H, were pro- 
moted majors on the field. Lieutenant Edward West, 
of Camden, was advanced to the rank of captain for 

When the second big phase of the battle began October 
23, the 113th joined the 116th in the attack on the final 
objective, d'Etrayes Ridge. Toward 5 o'clock in the 
afternoon two caterpillar rockets soaring from Hill 361 
announced the ridge taken. A fine machine gun offen- 
sive action featured this attack. Groups of gunners pre- 
ceeded the infantry, barraging perpendicularly across 
their advance, this enfilading the enemy and clearing the 
way. The machine gunners' casualties were heavy. 

On October 26, while the 113th repulsed counter- 
attacks on d'Etrayes Ridge the 114th helped the French 
on the right in attacking the Bois Belleau. Difficulties 
were increased b)^ the activities of a pure white boche 
aeroplane which, almost invisible, sailed overhead direct- 
ing - artillery fire. 

By October 28, the 115th and 116th Infantry, having 
gained Grande Montagne, all the Meuse heights were 
taken, and the Allies were able to debouch into the 
Woevre plain to flank the German line and the Argonne 


offensive was enabled to proceed without danger from 
enfilading fire. 

The 29th was relieved October 28 by the 79th 
Division. During this action three Medals of Honor, 
approximately 200 Distinguished Service Crosses and 
71 Croix de Guerre were awarded to the division, which 
lost 5,796 officers and enlisted men in casualties and 
captured 2,148 prisoners and much artillery and material 
and gained seven kilometers of ground in twenty days 
of as bitter fighting as troops were ever called upon to 

Division is Cited. 

Because of the accomplishments and bravery of this 
division the following citation was issued by Major 
General Charles G. Morton, the commander : 


American E. F., 1 Nov. 18. 
General Orders No. 59. 

Now that its part in the action north of Verdun is finished, 
the Division Commander wishes to take occasion to express 
his deep appreciation of the skill, endurance and courage shown 
by the officers and men of the division, including both staff and 
line, in a most difficult and prolonged fight. 

Everything was opposed to our success. We had a most 
determined enemy in our front and one skilled by four years 
of warfare, whereas this was the first real fight of our division. 
On most days the weather was bad and the ground difficult, 
added to the fact that the fighting was largely in woods. On 
account of the woods, ravines and dampness, gassing of our 
troops was easily accomplished and full advantage of this fact 
was taken by the enemy to whom the use of gas was an old 

Without exception the organizations of the division and their 
commanders responded heroically to every call upon them and 
at the end of the fight we had not only gained our objectives, 
but we had therm and turned them over to our successors. We 
advanced some eight kilometers through the enemy's trenches, 


Promoted for Bravery in Argonne Forest on October 12th, 1918 


and captured over 2,100 prisoners, 7 cannons, about 200 ma- 
chine guns and a large quantity of miscellaneous military prop- 
erty. We had the pleasure of seeing two hostile divisions with- 
drawn from our front, one of which was composed of some of 
the best troops of the German army. On many occasions 
captured prisoners stated that our attack was so rapid and our 
fire so effective that they were overwhelmed and had nothing 
to do but to retire or surrender. 

In this brief summing up the results of its first fight the 
Division Commander feels that every officer and man partici- 
pating, whether in planning or in executing, should feel a just 
pride in what has been accomplished. This is but repeating the 
praise that has been bestowed upon the division by both Ameri- 
can and French superior commanders. 

By command of Major General Morton: 

Colonel of Infantry, Chief of Staff. 

Adjutant General, Adjutant. 

Co. B, 104th Engineers 

Company B, First Battalion, New Jersey Engineers ? 
was organized in Camden April of 191 7 and was mobi- 
lized at Sea Girt on July 25, of the same year. It was 
composed of men recruited from Camden and surround- 
ing communities by Major Harry C. Kramer, together 
with a small group enlisted at Newark by Second Lieu- 
tenant William W. Schultz. The original company when 
mobilized at Sea Girt included 164 men commanded by 
Captain Howard B. Keasby, First Lieutenant Beale M. 
Schmucker, First Lieutenant Maxwell B. Allen and Sec- 
ond Lieutenant Schultz. On August 17, 1917, Company 
B left Sea Girt and entrained for Camp McClellan, An- 
niston, Alabama, where they arrived August 21. After 
arriving at this camp the company was detailed to work 
with Major Dulin in completing the building of the 
camp, then in the first stages of construction. 


When Camp McClellan was completed the First Bat- 
talion, N. J. Engineers, was made into a regiment by 
adding three companies of picked infantry and was given 
the name of the 104th Regiment Engineers. It was then 
composed of six companies, A, B, C, D, E and F, con- 
sisting of 250 men to a company. The winter and the 
following spring were spent at Anniston, while the men 
were instructed in work essential to a sapper regiment. 
On June 19, 19 18, the regiment sailed for France on the 
transport "Northern Pacific," and the trip across was 
without incident except on the third day out, Sunday, 
June 3, when guns fore and aft fired on a supposed sub 
which turned out to be a buoy. 

On Wednesday, June 26, the transport dropped anchor 
in the harbor at Brest. This was 5 o'clock in the after- 
noon and the landing took place the following day, the 
regiment marching to the Pontanezan Barracks where it 
camped for seven days. On July 3 the people of Brest 
presented the regiment with the American colors and 
these were carried by the engineers in the Fourth of July 
parade. On Friday, July 5, the regiment left Brest and 
by easy stages traveled across France toward Alsace, 
billeting at the towns of Coublanc, Giromagny, Chever- 
mont and Grosne and arriving at Courtlevant, Alsace, 
Saturday, July 27. Company B immediately took up the 
work of constructing dugouts on the Swiss border. On 
August 19 Company B left Courtlevant and proceeded 
to Montreaux Vieux, arriving at the front on Friday. 
August 30, where it was split into two detachments — two 
platoons going to Hagenbach, the remaining three being 
sent to Ballersdorf. Both towns were constantly under 
shell fire from the enemy during the stay of the detach- 
ments, but there were no casualties. The work was con- 
fined to the construction of machine gun emplacements 
and observation posts in the front line trenches. 

Saturday, September 21, Company B marched out of 
Ffagenbach and Ballersdorf, proceeding to Nouvillard 


and then to Belfort where the command entrained with 
the regiment and proceeded to Mussy, thence to Marrot 
le Grande and by auto to Avocourt on the western front, 
arriving September 27. The transportation section pro- 
ceeded to Avocourt by way of Mallancourt and arrived 
three days later, having been caught in the traffic jam. 
At Avocourt the command was under enemy shell fire 
while constructing and maintaining highways necessary 
for the advance of the artillery, infantry and ammuni- 
tion. Saturday, October 5, the company marched to 
Samogneux, north of Verdun sector, arriving four days 
later. The work of restoring and maintaining the road- 
ways was resumed in addition to reconstructing bridges 
and filling in mine holes made by enemy shells. Constant 
firing from the enemy often destroyed the work as soon 
as it was finished. 

While at Samogneux two platoons of Company B, in- 
cluding eighty men and three officers, were sent to the 
Bois du Consenoye and from there proceeded to a point 
near the Molleville Farm, about 700 yards from the 
enemys trenches, carrying German spiral wire for the 
construction of entanglements. On the night of October 
30 the company left this point and marched to Hauden- 
ville, proceeding from there to Mongeville by auto. The 
command then marched to Sommelonne, leaving that 
town Monday, November 18. The regiment proceeded 
to Nant le Grande, then to Ligny and then entrained and 
proceeded to Jussy. On detraining Company B marched 
to Blondefontaine, arriving Wednesday, November 20. 
The company was later billeted in several towns includ- 
ing Bourbonne les Baines, Fresnes sur Aspance and Bour- 
beville. Saturday morning, April 29, 19 19, the company 
marched from the latter town to Jussy, entrained and 
marched to Montoir (Camp Gutherie), neart Saint 
Nazaire. Here the regiment was deloused and prepared 
for embarkation to the United States. On the morning 
of May 11 the regiment marched from Montoir to St. 


Nazaire, a distance of eight miles, where the boys board- 
ed the transport Manchuria, which pulled out for home 
at 2 p. m. Ten days of a very calm voyage and the Sta- 
tue of Liberty was greeted with glad acclaim. The regi- 
ment landed at Hoboken May 22 and proceeded to Camp 
Merritt where it remained for four days. On Monday, 
May 26, the regiment paraded in Newark and Trenton 
and then proceeded to Camp Dix, remaining several days. 
Company B was honorably discharged Thursday, May 
29, 1919. 

Of those who went overseas all returned save First 
Class Private William C. Ablett, who was killed in action 
in the Meuse-Argonne offensive; First Class Private 
Frank Randle, who died of disease on furlough in Eng- 
land, and First Class Private George A. Bowers, who 
died of disease while on furlough at Aix-les-Bains. 

When the company returned the officers were : Captain 
Percy H. Ridgway, of Washington ; First Lieutenant 
Beale M. Schmucker, First Lieutenant Frank Errico, Jr., 
First Lieutenant William W. Schultz and Second Lieu- 
tenant Coleman B. Burdette, all of New Jersey, and Sec- 
ond Lieutenant Louis P. Veil, of Ohio. 

112TH Field Artillery. 

Sailing from New York, on the H. M. S. Melita, 
June 28, 1918, the 112th Heavy Field Artillery, includ- 
ing Battery "B" of Camden, arrived at Liverpool, 
England, on the morning of July 12. Immediately en- 
training they traveled throughout the day, arriving at 
Southampton at midnight, where they went into camp. 
On July 13 they boarded the swift steamer. Prince 
George, which turned her nose toward the submarine 
invested English Channel shortly before dusk and raced 
desperately for safety during the night, arriving at dawn 
July 15, in the port of Le Havre, France. 


After resting twenty-four hours in the camp on the 
heights beyond the port of Le Havre, the Camden artil- 
lerymen entrained on July 15 and proceeded to Poitiers, 
in the Department of Vienne, where they arrived at mid- 
night July 17. The men here experienced their first 
French billets, being quartered in a huge and very old 
stone barn located in the village of Biard, two kilometers 
from Poitiers. 

Completing a month of preliminary training, during 
which elementary knowledge of French artillery was 
gained, the organization entrained on Sunday, August 
22, for Camp de Meucon, near Vannes, in the Depart- 
ment of Morbihan, where they arrived at dawn on 
August 24. 

Six weeks training in the intricacies of artillery 
support, augmented by daily practice and frequent 
assumed warfare problems, here made the regiment ready 
for the battle line. 

Having completed the course, the men idled until 
Sunday, November 10, when they entrained for an 
unknown destination. Word was received enroute of 
the armistice being signed and on November 13, during 
the frigid early morning, they were ordered to detrain 
at Liefold le Grande, in the Department of Haute Soane, 
and the Camden battery was billeted with regimental 
headquarters in the tiny hamlet Trampot. The second 
battalion of the regiment was quartered at Chambron- 
court, two kilometers distant. 

While the training at Camp de Meucon had been in 
progress word was definitely received that the 54th 
Field Artillery Brigade, of which the 112th Regiment 
was a part, had been discontinued as a part of the 29th 
Division. During the stay at Trampot the brigade was 

Orders were received late in November re-assigning 
the organization to the Blue and Gray Division, and in 
the driving rain of a French winter the 112th H. F. A. 


began a five day overland hike on December 6, 1918, for 
the Bourbone les Baines area, where the division was 

Jussey, in the Department of Haute Soane, was allo- 
cated as the regimental area and headquarters were 
established there on December 11, 19 18. The Camden 
men were billeted in the village of Condrecourt, two 
kilometers from Jussey, where First Battalion headquar- 
ters were set up. 

A vigorous training schedule was followed at this 
village until April 11, 1919, when the regiment was 
ordered to the Le Mans area for preparation to return 
home. Battery B did not accompany the regiment to 
Le Mans, but was designated to remain in the billeting 
area until April 25, 1919, when they proceeded directly 
to St. Nazarine, the port of embarkation. 



THE Seventy-eighth Division, which became known 
as the Lightning Division and won fame in the 
capture of St. Mihiel and in the Argonne Forest by the 
capture of Grand Pre, was organized under the Selective 
Service Law passed by Congress on May 18, 191 7. The 
men drafted under this law became part of the National 
Army. The majority of the men called under the Selec- 
tive Service Act or Draft Law, were sent to Camp Dix 
and assigned to the Seventy-eighth Division. 

After this law was passed it was necessary for the War 
Department to arrange for the registration of every male 
citizen between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-one 
inclusive. On June 5, 1917, every citizen of the ages 
prescribed in the law, not in the army, navy or marine 
corps, was compelled to register under the law. The 
mayor of each city was held responsible for the registra- 
tion of every man in his city. The men registered at the 
polling booth of their district with the election board in 
session and the chairman of the board as registrar. Under 
the act the mayor of each city named division boards sub- 
ject to the approval of the Governor of the State. 

On May 25, 19 17, Mayor Ellis named the following 
division boards : 

First Division — First, Second and Tenth Wards : 
Judge Frank T. Lloyd, chairman; Harry R. Humphreys, 
secretary; Dr. E. A. Y. Schellenger, medical examiner. 

Second Division — Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Ninth 
Wards : Ralph W. E. Donges, chairman ; Rev. Holmes 
F. Gravatt, D. D., secretary; Dr. Marcus K. Mines, 
medical examiner. 

Third Division — Seventh, Eighth and Thirteenth 
Wards : Rev. John B. McCloskey, chairman ; Baptist S. 
Scull, secretary; Dr. Grant E. Kirk, medical examiner. 


Fourth Division — Eleventh and Twelfth Wards : 
George W. Kirkbride, chairman; Samuel Wharton, sec- 
retary; Dr. Charles F. Hadley, medical examiner. 

Disorder was threatened throughout the country by 
those who opposed the draft but Camden was ready. 
City firemen were sworn in as special officers by the 
mayor and every member of the Public Safety Commit- 
tee called on to stand ready to assist the police in quelling 
any riots. The day passed off without disorder. It was 
a general holiday and 11,299 registered in the city and 
4,269 in the county. Camden was the first city in the 
State to complete its returns and report them to the ad- 
jutant general of the State. The entire registration in 
Camden was in charge of William D. Sayrs, Jr. 

On July 20 the serial numbers were drawn at Wash- 
ington and the first number drawn was 258. The men 
were called for service in order of their serial numbers. 
The draft boards sat on August 7 for the first to examine 
men called both for dependencies and physical fitness. 
This plan was later changed when the Government issued 
questionnaires in which the men subject to the draft were 
permitted to answer all questions as to their dependencies 
and physical fitness and file other claims with affidavits 
attached. These questionnaires were passed on by the 
draft boards and saved considerable time. 

The division boards which compiled the registration of 
men eligible to army service were named by Mayor Ellis 
as Draft or Exemption Boards. Judge Frank T. Lloyd 
and Harry R. Humphreys resigned from the First City 
Exemption Board and were succeeded by Thomas E. 
French as chairman and Joseph H. Forsyth. Dr. J. Lynn 
Mahaffey succeeded Dr. Schellenger as medical examiner 
after the latter's death. Ralph W. E. Donges resigned 
from the Second City Board and was succeeded by Rev. 
Holmes F. Gravatt as chairman and John F. Griffee was 
appointed to fill the vacancy on the board. Dr. A. B. 
Reader succeeded Dr. Grant E. Kirk, who enlisted in the 


army, as medical examiner for the Third City Draft 
Board. Judge Lloyd became Food Administrator, Harry 
R. Humphreys assumed a responsible official position with 
the New York Shipbuilding- Corporation and Ralph W. 
E. Donges was commissioned in the army. Oswin D. 
Kline succeeded Samuel Wharton on the Fourth City- 
Board and Dr. Lee K. Hammitt succeeded Dr. Haclley 
as examining physician. Two county boards were named 
as follows : First County Board — W. Penn Corson, 
chairman ; Francis F\ Patterson, secretary, and Dr. Frank 
O. Stem, medical examiner ; Second County Board : 
Henry J. West, chairman; Maurice B. Rudderow, sec- 
retary; Dr. Edward S. Sheldon, medical examiner. The 
clerks of the boards were : First City, Albert McAllister ; 
Second City, Albert Austermuhl; Third City, Miss Julia 
M. Carey ; Fourth City, Miss Maude Hicks ; First Coun- 
ty, Howard E. Truax ; Second County, Edgar R. Holme. 

The appeal agents for the boards were as follows : First 
City District, James H. Long; Second City District, 
Howard J. Dudley; Third City District, Ralph D. Chil- 
drey; Fourth City District, Francis B. Wallen; First 
County District, Ephraim T. Gill, of Haddonfield; Sec- 
ond County District, Thomas W. Jack, Collingswood. 

The first men were sent to Camp Dix on September 5, 
19 1 7. They were followed on consecutive days by sev- 
eral more men. A parade was given in honor of the selec- 
tive service men on September 4 and Battery B, First 
New Jersey Field Artillery, came down from Sea Girt 
to participate in the demonstration. 

Before the armistice was signed 43,516 had been reg- 
istered and 3,333 men were accepted at army camps. 
The available records show that 1,067 men enlisted in the 
army, navy and marines. The records also show that 
4,960 men of Camden county were in the service. 



THE Seventy-eighth Division was formed from the 
units of Selective Service men sent to Camp Dix 
from New Jersey and New York. To be exact there 
were 11,806 from this State and 11,064 from New York. 
On August 24, 1917, the first companies of the 311th 
Infantry were organized at Camp Dix and by September 
there were two companies from Camden. As other regi- 
ments were formed the Camden city and county boys 
became scattered through the division. The following 
units were organized: 309th, 310th, 311th and 312th In- 
fantry; 307th, 308th and 309th Field Artillery, 303d 
Trench Mortar Battery, 303d Engineers, 303d Ammuni- 
tion Train, 303d Sanitary Train ; 307th, 308th and 309th 
Machine Gun Battalions, beside Field Hospital and Am- 
bulance Corps. 

The division remained at ,Camp Dix under intensive 
training until the following spring, receiving additional 
men continually from New Jersey and New York com- 
munities. Under command of Major General J. H. 
McRae, the division began sailing for France in May. 
The infantry and artillery sailed on separate transports. 
The artillerymen left Camp Dix for Hoboken, the port 
of embarkation, on May 6 and boarded the great British 
liner Cedric, which was then being used as a transport. 
The infantry followed a few days later. Both the 
artillery and infantry landed at Liverpool. The infan- 
try proceeded across England and boarded a transport, 
crossing the English Channel and landed at Calais. 
France. The artillery reached Liverpool May 14 and 
left for Southampton. They made the trip across the 
channel from this port to La Havre. The infantry and 


Commander of Seventy-Eighth Division 


artillery never joined as a division until the famous 
battle in the Argonne Forest. 

Infantry at Arras. 

The doughboys, as the infantry was termed, went to 
a rest camp two miles from Calais. They stayed there 
four days and during their sojourn at this camp 
enemy aeroplanes made an attack. None of the soldiers 
was killed but several coolies, employed as laborers, 
were slain. From here the infantry was sent to Belquine 
in northern France, from which place the roar of cannon 
could be heard. The division stayed at Belquine for a 
month under intense training. They were moved to 
Framecourt toward the Arras sector. They stayed 
there for a month and then hiked twenty miles full pack 
for two days to a place called Duisans, three miles from 
Arras, on the British front. 

Officers and non-commissioned officers were sent into 
the lines for observation and experience. The 78th In- 
fantry expected to go in any day with the British. On 
August 5 they got orders that they would go south to 
the American sector at St. Mihiel. The doughboys were 
visited by King George on August 8. 

Six weeks of training in every kind of warfare made 
the Seventy-eighth one of the crack units of the American 
Expeditionary Forces and it became known as the Light- 
ning Division. 

The first battle in which the 78th Division Infantry 
participated was in the St. Mihiel sector. This drive 
opened on the morning of September 12, and the 
Lightning Division troops were given one of the most 
important sectors on the line. They went into the bat- 
tle with a will, fought in the open area and emerged 
victorious. They had met the enemy and conquered, 
but it was hard fighting. 


The infantry stuck to its guns and for seventeen days 
held the foe and pushed him back in one of the greatest 
battles in history. An appropriate word picture of the 
battle in this sector is hardly possible. At one time the 
Germans were not more than fifty feet from the Amer- 
icans, the enemy steadily retreating before the onslaughts 
of the infantry. 

The 311th Infantry lost two officers and fifty-four 
men, killed in action in this sector, while eight officers 
and 221 men were wounded. Forty-six men were 
gassed and one was reported missing. 

The boys came out of the lines on October 5, worn 
and muddy, but with spirits running high. They 
missed the comrades who fell before the enemy fire. 

Artillery Movements. 

Brigadier General Hern commanded the 153d Field 
Artillery Brigade, made up of the 78th Division's artil- 
lery regiments. When these gunners reached Le Havre 
on May 17, 19 18, they were sent to Camp De Meuchon 
for six weeks training, after which the three regiments 
were sent to the Toul sector. They remained in position 
for three weeks, but did not get into action. 

The 307th, 308th, and 309th Artillery first went into 
action on the morning of September 12 in front of St. 
Mihiel. They supported the 90th Division. It was one 
o'clock in the morning when that sensational artillery 
duel opened. The 307th and 308th were termed as Light 
Artillery and they manned the famous French 75's, or 75 
millimeter guns, while the 309th was designated as 
heavy artillery and they fired 155 millimeter guns. It 
was one o'clock on that famous morning that the whole 
sector, which prior to that time had been a quiet one for 
four years, belched forth the greatest cannonading the 
world has ever known. The Lightning Division gun- 
ners were firing three shells per minute from their pieces. 



— - A 



At five o'clock they began to pour their shells over at the 
rate of six per minute from each cannon and it seemed 
as though all of the powers of hell had let loose. And at 
five o'clock under the cover of this terrible fire the dough- 
boys, with rifles in hand, went over the top. They were 
from the north, south, east and west. They advanced 
in skirmish line formation, after the custom of the Amer- 
ican indians, and in those ranks of freedom were whites, 
indians, negroes and mongolians. They advanced on St. 
Mihiel and captured it and for two weeks battered the 
enemy back until they reached a position nine kilometers 
from the supposed impregnable fortress of Metz. 

The Germans had fortified Metz for years and it was 
the main bulwark against the Rhineland. The Ameri- 
cans were eager to capture the city and could have done 
so but for the strategy of the Germans. All of the Amer- 
icans taken prisoners by them were gathered in Metz, and 
when American aviators learned this, the assault on the 
city was not pressed with vigor. During this action the 
78th's Artillery made a two-day raid on Limy in this 
sector with success. The barrage laid down by the Light- 
ning gunners pleased the commanding officer of the 90th 
Division so well that he sent word back to General Hern 
that it was the most perfect barrage he had ever received 
and he had participated in four other big drives 

But the assault on Metz and the capture of St. Mihiel 
proved only to be a feint to keep the enemy busy while 
General John J. Pershing was mobilizing his great army 
in the Argonne for the greatest battle in the world's his- 
tory, and last battle in the world war, which caused the 
crushing defeat of the German autocracy and its great 
military machine. 

The Lightning Division's Artillery was withdrawn 
from the St. Mihiel sector and sent to the Argonne to 
support the 78th Division Infantry for the first time. 

88 camden county in the great war. 


One of the last and most decisive battles was that of 
these Meuse-Argonne sector. The Lightning Division 
became the corps reserve on October 13, and the follow- 
ing day received orders to be ready on one hour's notice 
to advance into the line. October 15 dawned with the 
receipt of orders to relieve the 308th Infantry of the 
Seventy-seventh Division and in the relief process three 
men were incapacitated by the gas sent over unmerci- 
fully by the Germans. 

On October 16, following orders to advance, the 
troops moved in utter darkness and the attack was com- 
menced without an artillery barrage, but accompanied 
by counter battery artillery fire. The men could not 
advance owing to the hostile shelling and machine gun 
fire, but the enemy withdrew north of the Aire river. 
Orders were received on October 22 to capture Grand 
Pre and to establish positions in the woods north and 
northwest of Grand Pre. The Third Battalion of the 
311th Infantry was designated to assist the 312th In- 
fantry in this operation. Company C, forming a part 
of the First Battalion, was ordered to remain in position 
and continued to prepare for a general attack along the 
entire corps front. 

Million Dollar Barrage. 

What gained fame afterward as the "Million Dollar 
Barrage'' was laid against a wooded hill near Grand 
Pre. This hill stood between the 78th Division and the 
town. It was filled with German machine gunners, 
whose dugouts were so constructed as to withstand the 
terrible high explosives the Lightning Artillery was 
pouring into them. For eighteen hours the 307th Field 
Artillery shelled the German machine gun nests with 
mustard gas, and when they finished, the doughboys had 


no trouble in taking the woods for there was not a live 
German left in the vicinity. So much gas was used 
that it was estimated that the attack cost a million 

The fighting continued each day until November 5, 
when orders were issued for the relief of the Lightning 
Division by the 426. or Rainbow Division. When 
the 78th men relieved the soldiers of the 77th Division, 
the town of Grand Pre was still in the hands of the 
Germans, with the exception of a few houses on the 
extreme southern edge. The capture of the town itself 
was of no importance to the American Army unless the 
heights beyond it also came into Yankee possession and 
the 78th Division was called upon to accomplish the 

The 78th Division kept after the Germans. When re- 
lieved by the Rainbow Division on November 5, the latter 
division complained that they were compelled to march 
without rest to catch up. 

On November 6, after the troops came out of the 
lines, they marched back over the same route traversed 
when they advanced toward the enemy. The regiments 
stopped at a rest camp at Camp Mahont, along the line, 
which was formerly occupied by Germans. The huge 
camp, housing the Germans for four years, showed 
every evidence of their long occupation, for all the dug- 
outs were built and furnished elaborately. The suite of 
dugouts formerly occupied by the Crown Prince and 
his high command evoked much interest among the 
troops and the grand fountain and bath rooms built for 
the Crown Prince were made good use of. Narrow 
gauge railway tracks, huge tanks of water, electric power 
plants and many other conveniences gave proof that the 
enemy was well situated in this camp. 

The troops believed then that they were on their way 
to shell Metz again, but their orders were changed when 
the armistice was signed on November 11. They were 


sent to a point north of Verdun and stayed in posi- 
tion for four days to make sure the Germans were com- 
plying with the terms of the armistice. Then they were 
moved into a French barracks at Verdun, where they 
remained for two weeks. They were next moved to Cote 
de Ore, "county of gold," where the division remained 
until it sailed for home. Division headquarters were 
established at Semur. 

On Sunday, February 16, memorial services were 
held in honor of the fallen brothers of the regiment in 
the church at Flavigny where the boys were stationed. 
Nearly every officer and soldier stationed in the town and 
all the civilian inhabitants attended the services, which 
were marked by impressiveness. The ceremonies were 
arranged by the French people and marked the heartfelt 
appreciation they felt for the soldiers. 

The 78th Division was relieved from duty on April 
6, by orders from General Headquarters and began sail- 
ing for home early in May, arriving the latter part of 
the month. The division was demobilized at Camp Dix 
and parades were held in honor of the different units at 
Newark, Trenton and Elizabeth. 

General John J. Pershing, Commander-in-Chief, visited 
the 78th Division three times during its stay in France. 
His last review was on March 26, 1919, on the historic 
Plains of Les Launes, where two thousand years ago 
the legions of Caeser battled with the Gauls and where 
the latter defeated the invaders. General Pershing's first 
visit was made at Nielles Les Blequin, while in training 
with the British. Later when the division headquarters 
were established at Chatel Chehery during the operations 
in the neighborhood of Grand Pre. 

In a letter to Governor Walter E. Edge, General 
McRae paid the following tribute to the division : 

"The State of New Jersey has every reason to be proud of 
the part played by the soldiers of this command representing 
that State. Their unquestioned loyalty at all times, their spirit 





of sacrifices and self negation under the strain of battle and their 
unsurpassed gallantry in action have been an inspiration to all. 
Their forceful efforts have contributed in a large degree to the 
success of the operations of this command. 

"It has been the fortune of this command to have had a gen- 
erous number of Distinguished Service Awards made to its 

"The President, in the name of Congress, has awarded the 
Medal of Honor to a New Jersey soldier — Sergeant William 
Sawelson (deceased), Company M, 312th Infantry, whose home 
is in Harrison, N. J. — 'for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity 
above and beyond the call of duty, in action with the enemy at 
Grand Pre, France, 25th October, 1919.' 

"The Commander-in-Chief, in the name of the President, has 
decorated ninety-one members of this command with the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross, 'for extraordinary heroism in action,' 
and it is confidently anticipated that additional awards will be 
made from recommendations now under consideration. A list 
of names with organization and home address (where prac- 
ticable) of those receiving this reward is furnished you herewith. 
It may be gratifying to note that of the ninety-one Distin- 
guished Service Crosses bestowed, forty-two have gone to 
soldiers whose homes are in New Jersey." 

In bidding farewell to the division on April 6, 1919, 
Major General Wright, commanding the First Army 
Corps, said: 

"This is the last maneuver of the 78th Division as a 
part of the First Army Corps, as it passes into the S. 
O. S. on April 6, in preparation of its early departure 
for the United States and I desire to take this oppor- 
tunity of complimenting and thanking you for the splen- 
did work you have done over here. You have all been 
good soldiers and are deserving of the highest reward 
that can be bestowed upon a soldier; a reward that is 
far above promotion or increase of salary, the reward 
of a consciousness of duty well done. You will go 
through life and pass to your graves feeling proud of 
having served your country so splendidly and your chil- 
dren and grandchildren will point with pride to your 
deeds of valor. But when you return to the United 


States do not boast, do not complain and do not magnify 
the hardships and vicissitudes of campaign, for it will 
do you no good and will only reflect discredit on your 
division. Be loyal to the A. E. F., to its Commander- 
in-Chief, to your division and above all to your own- 
selves. Let the record of your division stand as a tes- 
timonial of the work it did over here and history will 
relate the splendid part it took in the great war. 

"In conclusion, I desire to thank you for your loyalty 
and devotion to the common cause and bid you good-bye 
and Godspeed." 

The division had a total of 947 men killed, 163 died 
of wounds, 195 missing in action, 12 captured and 5,715 
wounded, making a grand total of 7,032. The casualties 
of the New Jersey men and the New York men in the 
division were about on a par in each of these great 
battles. New Jersey's was 2,698 and New York's 2,744. 
The respective figures for "eaetf of the two operations 
follow: St. Mihiel, New Jersey, 830; New York, 846; 
Argonne, New Jersey, 1,868; New York, 1,898. Of 
this number, New Jersey men to the total of 138 were 
killed or died of wounds at St. Mihiel, and New York's 
total was 149. The Argonne figures were: New Jersey, 
285; New York, 351. 

The officers of the Seventy-eighth Division were: 
Major Gen. James H. McRae, commanding; Lieut. Col. 
Harry N. Cootes, chief of staff; Major William T. Mac- 
Millian, adjutant general. 155th Brigade Infantry, Brig. 
Gen. Mark L. Hersey — 309th Reg. Infantry, Colonel 
John M. Morgan; 310th Reg. Infantry, Colonel Walter 
C. Babcock; 308th Machine-Gun Battalion, Major Ed- 
ward M. Offley. 156th Brigade Infantry, Brig. Gen. 
James H. Dean — 311th Reg. Infantry, Colonel Marcus 
B. Stokes; 312th Reg. Infantry, Colonel A. Van P. An- 
derson; 309th Machine-Gun Battalion, Major Henry R. 
Allen. 153d Brigade Field Artillery, Brig. Gen. Clint C. 
Hern — 307th Reg. Field Artillery, Colonel James H. 


Bryson; 38th Reg. Field Artillery, Colonel Charles M. 
Bunker; 309th Reg. Field Artillery, Colonel Edwin O. 
Sarratt; 303d Trench Mortar Battery, Captain John E. 
McClothan. Engineer Troops — 303d Reg. Engineers, 
Colonel E. M. Markham. Signal Troops — 303d Field 
Signal Battalion, Major James Kelly. Division Units — 
78th Div. Headquarters Troop, Captain G. S. Wool- 
worth; 307th Machine-Gun Battalion, Major Robert M. 
Beck, Jr. 



NEW Jersey has every reason to be proud of 
the soldiers sent to France from the Garden 
State. They acquitted themselves with valor in 
the Argonne-Meuse. Both the Twenty-ninth and 
Seventy-eighth Divisions were part of the First 
Army. The Twenty-ninth went into the drive on 
the extreme right and the Seventy-eighth on the 
extreme left. 

The prowess of American arms in the great 
battle was recorded in General Order No. 232 is- 
sued by the commander-in-chief, General John J. 
Pershing, over his signature as follows : 

General Order No. 232 

"Tested and strengthened by the reduction of 
the St. Mihiel salient, for more than six weeks 
you battered against the pivot of the enemy line 
on the Western front. It was a position of im- 
posing natural strength, stretching on both sides 
of the Meuse river from the bitterly contested 
hills of Verdun to the almost impenetrable forest 
of the Argonne; a position, moreover, fortified by 
four years of labor designed to render it impreg- 
nable; a position held with the fullest resources 
of the enemy. That position you broke utterly, 
and thereby hastened the collapse of the enemy's 
military power. 

"Soldiers of all the divisions engaged under the 
First, Third and Fifth Corps — the 1st, 2d, 3d, 



4th, 5th, 7th, 26th, 28th, 29th, 32c!, 33d, 37th, 
42d, 77th, 78th, 79th, 80th, 82d, 89th, 90th and 
91st — you will be long remembered for the stub- 
born persistence of your progress, your storming 
of obstinately defended machine gun nests, your 
penetration, yard by yard, of woods and ravines, 
your heroic resistance in the face of counter- 
attacks supported by powerful artillery fire. For 
more than a month, from the initial attack of 
September 26, your fought your way slowly 
through the Argonne, through the woods and 
over hills west of the Meuse; you slowly enlarged 
your hold on the Cotes de Meuse to the east ; and 
then, on the first of November, your attack forced 
the enemy into flight. Pressing his retreat, you 
cleared the entire left bank of the Meuse south of 
Sedan, and then stormed the heighths on the right 
bank and drove him into the plain beyond. 

"Your achievements, which is scarcely to be 
equaled in American history, must remain a 
source of proud satisfaction to the troops who 
participated in the last campaign of the war. The 
American people will remember it as the realiza- 
tion of the hitherto potential strength of the 
American contribution toward the cause to which 
they had sworn allegiance. There can be no 
greater reward for a soldier or for a soldier's 

This order will be read to all organizations at 
the first assembly formation after its receipt. 

"General, Commander-in-Chief, American 
Expeditionary Forces. 

"Official: ROBERT C. DAVIS, Adjutant General." 



THE home coming of the first units of New Jersey 
will always be remembered by the citizens of this 
county who witnessed the event. The 114th Infantry 
was the first to arrive in Newport News, Va., on May 6, 
19 1 9, aboard the transport Madawaska, less the Third 
Battalion Headquarters and Companies L, K, M, which 
were left in France and arrived home a short time later. 
The 1 14th was greeted at Newport News by the Camden 
Reception Committee, the members of which were Mayor 
Charles H. Ellis, Sheriff W. Penn Corson, Judge Frank 
T. Lloyd, Wm. D. Sayrs, Jr., city draughtsman; James 
H. Long, chief engineer of the Water Department; and 
Charles F. Wise, member of the Board of Freeholders. 
They went down the Chesapeake Bay on a tug and met 
the transport. On its arrival in port the regiment 
marched to Camp Stewart, a short distance outside of 
Newport News, where it was officially welcomed by 
Governor Walter E. Edge. In the Governor's party 
were: Adjutant General Gilkyson, Colonel Myron W. 
Robinson, Major Arthur Foran, Captain Benjamin 
Hurd, State Treasurer William T. Read, State Comp- 
troller Newton A. Bugbee. Lieutenant Colonel Harry 
C. Kramer and Captain H. B. Stone, of Burlington, were 
also in the party of welcoming delegations. 

The regiment left Camp Stewart on May 12 and 
reached Camden the following morning. Their arrival 
was announced by the blowing of railroad and factory 
whistles and the tolling of church bells. Thousands of 
people rushed from their homes and factories to the line 
of parade to welcome these heroes. They marched 
through flag draped avenues as the people cheered wildly, 
even broke from the sidewalks and hugged and kissed 





Every city, town and hamlet in South Jersey was rep- 
resented in the great throng which crowded the streets. 
At the Court House they were greeted by the multitude 
singing "Keep the Home Fires Burning". At the plants 
of the Victor Talking Machine Company and Joseph 
Campbell Company thousands of workmen and girls 
cheered, hugged and showered the boys with confetti. 

As they passed under the victory arch of the Ninth 
Ward Republican Association on Broadway, above 
Royden street, the employes of the J. B. Van Sciver 
Company showered them with flowers, while the Liberty 
Bell, tolled by the club in all its war drive campaigns, 
rang out in unison with the bells of old St. John's Epis- 
copal Church and Sts. Peter and Paul's Catholic Church. 

At the 3d Regiment Armory the troops were dined 
by the Camden County Chapter of the Red Cross. It 
was a, wonderful sight to see these boys enjoy the big 
meal with hundreds of relatives waiting to greet them 
in the building. The scenes were touching as the boys 
were re-united with their families once again. 

The regiment was commanded by Colonel George 
Williams when it reached Camden. Accompanying the 
infantry was the 53d Pioneer Corps, in command of 
Colonel B. S. Killion. The boys marched, wearing their 
trench helmets and carrying rifles. They brought back 
with them a grim visage of war and received a frantic 
welcome from a loving and admiring people. 

It was a public holiday. Schools closed together with 
factories and business was suspended during the parade. 
The parade was headed by James H. Long, chairman 
of the parade committee. Mayor Ellis, members of City 
Council, Victory Jubilee and Memorial Committee and 
Board of Freeholders followed. Then came the boys. 
There were three bands in line, the 1 I4th's own, Second 
Battalion Band, New Jersey State Militia, and Camden 
Battalion Band, State Militia Reserve. 


The regiment left for Camp Dix that afternoon where 
the boys were honorably discharged several days later. 

This was the only regiment the city was able to honor 
with a parade as a unit before demobilization, but the 
other units were either welcomed at the port of debarka- 
tion or at Camp Dix by committees, who distributed 
candy and cigarettes among the boys. 

The 3d Battalion Headquarters and Companies K, 
L and M of the 114th Infantry and 112th Field Artil- 
lery arrived at Newport News on May 20. The artil- 
lery was aboard the transport Orizaba and the 114th on 
the transport Powhatan. They were greeted by a com- 
mittee headed by Mayor Ellis. The regiments were 
sent to Camp Stewart. The balance of the 114th was 
transferred to Camp Dix and demobilized. The 112th 
Artillery was sent to Atlantic City for a parade and offi- 
cial welcome on May 29. The trains were stopped at 
Haddonfield enroute to the shore and candy, cigarettes 
and flowers showered on them by members of the Red 
Cross Chapter and hundreds of residents of the county. 
The regiment was later demobilized at Camp Dix. 

The transport Mexican docked at Brooklyn on May 
22 with the first units of the 311th Infantry, including 
the machine gun company, Companies D to M, field and 
staff headquarters, medical detachment, supply company, 
3d Battalion and ordance detachment. They were sent 
to Camp Dix for demobilization. 

The 104th Engineers arrived at Hoboken on May 22, 
on the transport Manchuria, and were sent to Camp 
Merritt. They were met by Robert J. D. Field and 
Harry Pelouze, representing the Victory Jubilee and 
Memorial Committee, and George W. Whyte, represent- 
ing the Red Cross. Other 29th Division units aboard 
the Manchuria were the 58th Infantry Brigade Head- 
quarters, 104th Supply Train, 104th Sanitary Train, 
104th Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop, 104th Train Head- 




quarters and Brigadier General Frank S. Cocheu, 58th 
Artillery Brigade. 

On May 25 the Camden Reception Committee joined 
the Newark and Philadelphia Committees in welcoming 
the 312th Infantry into this port on the transport Mont- 
pelier by going down the Delaware river on a tug to 
welcome returning heroes. 

All these troops were demobilized at Camp Dix. The 
104th Engineers paraded in Newark on May 26 and 
the 311th Infantry in Trenton the same day. The trans- 
port Europa arrived in Hoboken on May 26th with the 
309th Machine Gun Battalion. The transport Otsego 
brought home Companies A, B, C and D and Headquar- 
ters and Medical detachment of the 78th Division 
on May 26. The 111th Machine Gun Battalion arrived 
in Hoboken on May 22 on the transport Iowan 
and was sent to Camp Dix for demobilization. The 
307th arid 308th Machine Gun Battalions and 309th 
Artillery reached Camp Dix on May 13, arriving in 
Hoboken on May 11. The 307th Field Artillery arrived 
at Camp Dix May 14, having reached Hoboken a few 
days before. The 308th Field Artillery arrived about the 
same time. Part of the 309th Infantry reached Camp 
Dix on June 4 and the balance arrived in Hoboken on 
that date on the transport Chicago, with the 303d Sani- 
tary Train and 303d Supply Train. The 349th Infantry, 
colored troops, many of whom were from Camden 
reached Hoboken in the early part of June and were 
sent to Camp Dix for demobilization. The 303d Engi- 
neers arrived on the transports Santa Anna and Santa 
Lubia on June 6 and June 12. 



THE most distinguished citizen from Camden, who 
served the nation in the Great War was Ad- 
miral Henry B. Wilson, who commanded the American 
fleet in French waters. He had served forty years in the 
United States Navy when America entered the war. He 
commanded a fleet that piloted more than one million 
soldiers to France and that fleet never lost the life of an 
American soldier, despite the frightfulness of the sub- 
marine warfare conducted by the enemy. During the 
war the fleet commanded by the Camden admiral moved 
all the munitions and supplies used by the American 
Army in France. Soldiers paralyzed from battle wounds 
were rescued from transports that had been submarined. 
Lives of sailors were lost but only in an effort to pre- 
vent the enemy from taking the lives of American sol- 
diers. Such was the record made by the branch of the 
navy he commanded and this report was made personally 
by this hero when he returned to Camden for the public 
welcome on April 17, 19 19. Besides this wonderful 
work his destroyers kept a constant vigilance on the seas, 
sinking enemy submarines. The admiral's headquarters 
were at Brest, France, and by means of radio sounders 
the enemy wireless on their submarines were intercepted 
at night and the movement of their ships ascertained with 
the result that destroyers went in search for them and 
sunk many of them. 

Admiral Wilson returned to Camden on April 17 at 
the invitation of the Victory Jubilee and Memorial Com- 
mittee, but not until a special committee, the members of 
which were James H. Long, James J. Scott, Rev. J. B. 
McCloskey and Charles F. Wise, of Audubon, had 
waited on him at his Washington home. The admiral 
came from Washington by train and was met at Broad 


[Copyright by Wonfor,~\ 

Commander of American Fleet in French Waters during Great 



street station by the Camden committee and taken to the 
Bellvue-Stratford Hotel, Philadelphia, where he was 
entertained, after which a receiption was given at the 
Camden County Court House. An automobile parade 
followed to his home at 345 Mount Vernon street. The 
streets were lined with thousands of cheering people. At 
the Ninth Ward Republican Association's arch flowers 
were dropped on him and the pupils of the Broadway 
public school sang patriotic songs while the bell in old St. 
John's Episcopal Church was tolled by his brother-in- 
law, Rev. John Hardenbrook Townsend, rector. At the 
home of his mother he embraced her and kissed her and 
a basket of flowers was presented to this good woman, 
Mrs. Mary A. Wilson, who was then eighty-seven years 
of age. The parade continued to the Mohican Club, near 
Delair, where a planked shad dinner was served. The 
speakers were Mayor Charles H. Ellis, toastmaster; 
Admiral Charles F. Hughes, commandant of League Is- 
land Navy Yard ; Admiral Carlos V. Brittain, who hailed 
Admiral Wilson as the next full rank admiral of the 
navy, and United States Senator David Baird. 

That evening a public reception took place at Third 
Regiment Armory. The admiral entered escorted by a 
large detail of sailors. Fully 5,000 persons greeted him, 
including the children of the public schools, massed in 
the balcony. They rendered a program of patriotic 
songs during the evening. Mayor Ellis was chairman and 
an address was made by Prosecutor Charles A. Wolver- 
ton, during which the admiral was presented with a 
beautiful sword on behalf of the city and county. 

The following telegram, which gives expression of the 
esteem in which Admiral Wilson was held, was read at 
the dinner and reception that evening: 

"Baltimore, April 17, 1919. 
"Mayor Ellis, Camden, N. J. 

"I want to add my mite to the reception of your favorite son 
to-day. At Brest, France, I saw a great deal of Admiral Wilson 


and he was the most beloved man in France not only by his 
own people but by the French. Admiral Wilson was so big, so 
real that he could sit in the park talking and playing with little 
orphan French children, or giving advice to an ordinary sailor 
with the grace and ease of a master. Every sailor loves him and 
not a word but of praise will ever be said of him. The Admiral 
left behind in France a real remembrance of the great big real 
American that he is, the biggest American that ever stepped on 
the shore of Brittany. God bless him. 


"U. S. Army." 

Admiral Henry B. Wilson was born at 269 Mount 
Vernon street on February 25, 1861. His parents were 
Mrs. Mary A. Wilson, 345 Mount Vernon street, and the 
late Hon. Henry B. Wilson. His father was prominent 
in politics during his career. He was a member of City 
Council, New Jersey Assembly and was also postmaster 
of the city. He was president of the Board of Educa- 
tion at the time of his in 1898. 

Vice Admiral Wilson attended the old Kaighn and 
Fetters Schools during his boyhood. He entered Anna- 
polis Naval Academy at the age of fifteen years and 
graduated in 188 1. As a lieutenant commander he com- 
manded the scout cruiser Chester. He was promoted 
captain when he assumed command of the battleship 
North Dakota. His next assignment was to command 
the battleship Indiana. He came into national prom- 
inence when he was named to command the dreadnaught 
Pennsylvania when that ship was commissioned in 1914. 

President Wilson promoted Captain Wilson rear ad- 
miral in July, 19 1 7, when Admiral Sims called him to 
command the American fleet in French waters. When 
the new rear admiral reached Brest he was given the rank 
of vice admiral by President Wilson. 

That he did the job well is evidenced by the praise Vice 
Admiral Wilson received from Secretary Josephus 
Daniels. The admiral won the admiration of the French 
Government for the efficiency of his command. After 


the armistice was signed the admiral was stricken with 
pneumonia and was desperately ill for several days. He 
rallied and eventually recovered. 

He was honored by President Wilson by being placed 
in command of the convoy fleet for the steamer George 
Washington on the President's first return fromthe peace 
conference at Paris. 

Before departing from France Admiral Wilson was 
signally honored by the French Government. He was 
presented with a handsome oil painting of himself, the 
work of a French master. He also received a bronze bust 
of himself and the school children of France presented 
him with a magnificent brass vase. 

Just before sailing for the United States the admiral 
was advised by Secretary Daniels that he had been placed 
in command of the American dreadnaught fleet and the 
battleship New Mexico was designated as his flagship. 

Upon reaching the United States his health was such 
that he could not with his fleet to Guantanamo Bay, 
Cuba, for maneuvers. He was granted a leave of ab- 
sence to recuperate and he spent two weeks with his wife 
and two children, Ruth and Henry B. Wilson, Jr., at 

On June 16, 19 19, the Navy Department divided the 
American naval forces into two equal squadrons to be 
known as the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. Vice Admiral 
Wilson was placed in command of the Atlantic fleet 
with the full rank of Admiral. On June 25 he was deco- 
rated at Washington by Captain Saint Seine, French 
naval attache, assisted by Secretary of the Navy Jo c ephus 
Daniels, on behalf of the French Government with the 
Cross of Grand Officers of Legion of Honor, the second 
highest honor that can be bestowed in this order. 



CAMDEN county was fortunate in having represen- 
tatives in both branches of Congress during the 
Great War, Hon. David Baird, who represented the State 
of New Jersey together with Senator Joseph S. Freling- 
huysen in the United States Senate and William J. 
Browning, representative from the First Congressional 
District, comprising Camden, Gloucester and Salem 

Upon the death of Senator William Hughes during the 
war, Senator Baird was appointed by Governor Walter 
E. Edge on February 22, 19 18, to fill the vacancy, and he 
took the oath of office on March 7, that year, serving 
until the following general election in November, when 
he was elected to finish the unexpired term of Mr. 

Although a life long Republican, Mr. Baird voted for 
every measure advocated by President Woodrow Wil- 
son, deemed essential to win the war, even to the Over- 
man Bill, which gave the President unlimited powers. 

Mr. Browning has been a member of Congress since 
March 4, 191 1, and like Mr. Baird, supported every 
measure advocated by the Administration advanced as 
necessary to bring victory to the allies regardless of per- 
sonal views. Both Senator Baird and Representative 
Browning devoted much of their time at Washington as- 
sisting dependents of men in the service to secure allot- 
ments from the War Risk Bureau and the War Depart- 

Lieutenant Colonel Harry C. Kramer 

While Camden performed every obligation imposed 
upon her by the nation in the raising of troops, the sale 


[Photo by Wonfor.l 
United States Senator from New Jersey 


of Liberty Bonds, the contributions to the many or- 
ganizations which were each carrying its burden in the 
war, she had another and a peculiar part in the coun- 
try's defense, which probably is not equalled by any other 
city in the United States, and that was the prominence 
which her sons took in the administration of the work 
of the Provost Marshal General's office during the war. 

It is historical that the volunteer system of the United 
States failed the country when it called for men to fill 
its armies, and on May 18, 19 17, Congress passed a law 
known as the Selective Service Act, the administration of 
which was to prove one of the greatest triumphs of the 
struggle. This law provided for the making of regula- 
tions by the President which were to set in motion the 
selection of men for the battle line. Its success was 
doubted by even the optimistic; its failure was gloomily 
foreboded by men whose judgment was deemed sound; 
it was almost revolutionary in its character. 

One of the first men to be chosen in the United States 
to place this great law in operation was Harry C. 
Kramer, of Camden. At that time he was the adjutant 
general of the Second Brigade of New Jersey, with the 
rank of major. His brigade was not a complete unit and 
he was on the unassigned list and therefore not subject 
to call. He was ordered to report to TrentOM by Ad- 
jutant General Charles Barber and at once closed up 
his affairs and went into the service. He immediately 
made a careful study of the law and regulations and or- 
ganized the State so successfully that it was among the 
first in the entire Union to report "ready" with the quota 
assigned to it of 20,665 soldiers. As soon as this work 
was completed he was ordered to Washington by Major 
General Enoch H. Crowder, Provost Marshal General^ 
and was there appointed as one of a committee of three 
officers who were charged with the preparation of an 
entire new set of regulations, for the purpose of perfect- 
ing the selective service principles. This commitcee 


labored day and night for six weeks and the result of its 
work was the creation of the questionaire system and 
the selective service regulations, which undoubtedly 
presented to the world the most scientific method of rais- 
ing armies which has ever been produced. In speaking 
of this system, General Crowder, in his report to the 
Secretary of War, said: "It is not too much to say that 
the present classification systems offers possibilities that 
have never been attained by any other nation in the his- 
tory of war." 

General Crowder's words were almost a prophecy. 
The great American army seemed to grow by magic. 
From a beginning of 60,000 men it rose to the enormous 
number of four million men within one year from the 
time the selective service principle was enforced, and 
the system was so complete that the American army could 
have been extended to the almost inconceivable number 
of twenty-five million men without much more effort. 

Major Kramer accepted a reduction in rank when he 
was ordered to Washington, and began his career in the 
nation's capital as a captain. Within a few weeks he 
was promoted to a major and shortly after the splendid 
successes which attended his work were observed, he was 
made a lieutenant colonel, and it is now learned that he 
would have been made a full colonel in a few weeks 
had the war not abruptly ended. 

During the period of his connection with the Provost 
Marshal General's office, he was the chief disbursing of- 
ficer, executive officer and chief of the division of inspec- 
tion and investigations, which latter division had greatly 
to do with the department's efficiency throughout the 

Prior to being called by Adjutant General Barber to 
Trenton, Colonel Kramer organized the Camden com- 
pany of engineers, which later became Company B, 104th 
Engineers and became famous in France during the Ar- 
gonne Forest battle. After the armistice was signed Col- 




[Photo by Wonfor,] 




onel Kramer was sent on a tour of inspection duty in 
Porto Rico, and upon completion of this task was ap- 
pointed to the General Clemency Board of the army which 
equalized court martial sentences, and reduced them to a 
peace time basis. 

Major Winfield S. Price 

While in the capacity of executive officer, Colonel 
Kramer surrounded himself with many of the ablest of- 
ficers in the United States Army, and among them were 
two other Camden men, who rendered distinguished ser- 
vice during the war. One of these men was Major Win- 
field S. Price, formerly commander of the First Bat- 
talion, 114th Infantry, who, at the request of Colonel 
Kramer, was detached from his battalion and charged 
with the great duty of organizing the vast selective ser- 
vice system upon a sound, financial basis, and administer- 
ing the affairs of the department which dealt with che 
five thousand local boards and 156 district boards, as well 
as the headquarters of 49 States and territories. Major 
Price disbursed the enormous total of approximately 
$36,000,000.00 and he performed his work in such a way 
as to challenge the admiration of all officers and civilians 
with whom he came in contact. At the same time of the 
writing of this history, Major Price is still on duty in 
Washington, closing up the multitude of details which 
surrounded the administration of his office. He is the 
last officer to remain on duty, of the magnificent body of 
men which composed the organization of the Provost 
Marshal General's office, in the entire United States. 
Major Price's success in the administration of this office 
marks him as one of the outstanding figures of the ad- 
ministration of the war in Washington. 


Major Harold E. Stephenson. 

No less in splendid achievement was the work of Major 
Harold E. Stephenson,who was the chief of the Mobiliza- 
tion Division of the Provost Marshal General's office. 

Major Stephenson, at the beginning of the war, offered 
his services to the Government. He was rejected for 
slight physical defects. Shortly after Colonel Kramer 
went to Washington, it became apparent that there must 
be created in this vast department, a division of mobili- 
zation, which must be headed by a man highly skilled in 
organization; that there must be kept at all times a min- 
ute and accurate record of the number of men furnished 
by each local board throughout the United States, in 
response to the calls from Washington that the Govern- 
ment must know instantly how many of those men were 
rejected by the army officers in camps, and what balance 
was due from each board. Major Stephenson, then the 
file expert of the Pennsylvania Railroad, was summoned 
to Washington, to advise the department upon that sub- 
ject. His keenness of perception, his quick grasp of the 
details, impressed all who met him, in such a manner that 
General Crowder was requested to commission him in his 
department and to give him charge of this special work. 
This was done, and Captain Stephenson found himself 
in the midst of one of the greatest problems of the war. 
He quickly mastered every detail of the work and became 
so expert that he was an authority to whom the General 
Staff constantly referred during the trying days of the 
spring and summer of 1918, as to the strength of the man 
power of the United States in the various classes. Gen- 
eral Crowder quickly elevated him to the rank of major, 
in order that he might be on equal terms with the higher 
officers with whom he came in constant contact. Major 
Stephenson performed a marvelous task, Colonel Kramer 
frequently referring to him as having completed one of 
the most gigantic tasks which were presented to any in- 


|< opyright hv Harris &■ Swing.'] 


IP ho to bv Won for.] 



dividual in Washington. He frequently worked twenty 
hours out of the twenty- four ; he required the utmost de- 
votion to duty on the part of his subordinates, and was 
enabled by his wonderful executive ability to exact from 
all of his subordinates the finest kind of service. In the 
years to come, Major Stephenson's work will stand out 
more brightly and due recognition will doubtless be given 
to him. 

After the close of the war Major Stephenson accom- 
panied Major General Crowder to Cuba, where the latter 
undertook the reorganization of the elective system of 
that island. At the date of the writing of this history 
Major Stephenson has been given the entire charge of the 
work and is distinguishing himself by the speed and ac- 
curacy with which he is accomplishing his great task. 

There were approximately nine great divisions of the 
work of building America's army. From the above re- 
cital it will be seen that officers from Camden county 
headed three of the most important of all these divi- 
sions, and Camden's part in the organization of Amer- 
ica's man power is therefore most remarkable and 

Ralph W. E. Donges 

Lieutenant Colonel Ralph W. E. Donges was chair- 
man of Camden City Draft Board, No. 2, from May 29, 
1917, until May 1, 1918, as well as chairman of the Na- 
tional Guard Committee and a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Camden Public Safety Committee. He 
was also a member of a special war committee of five of 
the National Association of Public Utility Commis- 
sioners of the United States, dealing with utility prob- 
lems of the country growing out of the war and making 
recommendations for promoting efficiency of utilities in 
war work. 


In February, 19 18, he became a member of the plan- 
ning staff of Major General George W. Goethals, quar- 
termaster general, and assistant chief of staff. From 
March to May, Colonel Donges was assistant chief of 
administration in the office of General Goethals, and as 
such was director of the Purchase, Storage and Traffic 
Division of the General Staff. 

Up until this time Mr. Donges retained his post as 
president of the Public Utility Commission of New Jer- 
sey, but upon accepting a commission in the United 
States Army as lieutenant colonel in May, 19 18, he re- 
signed his post on the Utility Commission and became a 
member of the War Department's Board of Appraisers, 
attached to the Purchase, Storage and Traffic Division 
of the General Staff. 

This board was a quasi-judicial body charged with the 
duty of conducting proceedings and making awards for 
compensation for property of every character comman- 
deered, or produced under compulsory process, for the 
War Department. These cases covered all kinds of prop- 
erty from the taking of small parcels of real estate to the 
taking of large, valuable areas and large manufacturing 
plants, as well as the compulsory production of many mil- 
lions of dollars of war materials, the price for which this 
board established. The total awarded by this board ag- 
gregated many millions of dollars, there being several 
thousand cases heard, and awards in individual cases at 
times amounting to many millions. During the incum- 
bency of Colonel Donges, due to the volume of work, the 
membership of the board was increased from three to 
eleven members. Colonel Donges personally conducted 
trials and has written opinions in more than 250 cases 
before the Board of Appraisers. 


[Photo by U'onfoK.'i 

Chairman of Camden County Chapter American 
Red Cross 



CAMDEN County Chapter of the American Red 
Cross was organized February 19, 1917. It was 
the logical follower of the "Preparedness League" which 
had been previously formed under the auspices of Nassau 
Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. 

When it was found the Red Cross already had chan- 
nels of communication and a Government connection es- 
tablished, the Preparedness League decided to devote 
its energies to the same work under the new name. 

A number of interested citizens were accordingly in- 
vited to meet on February 19th at the Camden County 
Court House, where the organization was launched, the 
Rev. Rudolph E. Brestell, presiding. A large American 
flag was presented by the Nassau Chapter, D. A. R., in 
token of their loyalty and readiness to serve, by Miss 
Elizabeth Cooper Reeve, and their regent also gave from 
the Camden County Preparedness League a large Inter- 
national Red Cross flag. Headquarters were established 
at Room 107, Temple Building. 

Officers were elected as follows : Dr. Daniel Strock, 
chairman ; former Judge C. V. D. Joline, vice chairman ; 
Millwood Truscott, secretary, and George J. Bergen, 
treasurer. Mrs. E. S. Woodward was appointed chair- 
man of hospital supplies, but shortly resigned, and Mrs. 
John A. Mather, Jr., was appointed to fill her place. Miss 
E. C. Reeve was made chairman of the purchasing 

The balance of the funds in the treasury of the Pre- 
paredness League, amounting to two hundred dollars, 
was officially turned over to the treasurer of the Camden 
County Chapter. The association remained in the Tem- 
ple Building until August, 19 17, when the old Trinity 


Baptist Church on Fifth street above Market was offered 
for the use of the chapter. 

Almost concurrent with the organizing of the chapter 
was the forming of branches in the county. Beside the 
chairman and secretary Miss E. C. Reeves and Mrs. W. 
B. M. Burrell were most efficient in effecting these or- 
ganizations. Among the first were Haddonfield, Mer- 
chantville, Collingswood, Magnolia and Delair. 

In October, 19 17, Camden City Branch was given its 
charter; meanwhile the work was done through the 
church units, whose women responded nobly. 

On March 1, 19 17, was held the first Branch Advisory 
Council, consisting of the chairman of surgical dressings 
and the chairman of hospital supplies of the different 
branches. Later the chairman of knitting was added to the 
council. In Camden city the chairmen of the denomina- 
tions were also on this committee until the City Branch 
was formed. 

These meetings were held twice in the month and were 
under the direction of Mrs. Mather, who was first ap- 
pointed chairman of hospital supplies and surgical dress- 
ings and later director of the production department. 
Miss E. C. Reeve acted as secretary. 

As a part of this department a stock department was 
established for the distribution of materials, with Miss 
Estelle E. Moore as chairman. Later Mrs. H. N. 
Scheirer became accountant and Miss Bessie Lee Stock 

In the later part of June Mrs. Mather called for fin- 
ished supplies to be sent in, and through the kind- 
ness of St. Paul's P. E. Church their parish building was 
used for the packing. Bandages, muslin and gauze, com- 
presses of all sizes, drains, wipes, pads of all sorts, in- 
deed surgical dressings of all types began to pour in upon 
the hastily improvised packing committee. Hospital sup- 
plies, sheets, towels, cases, convalescent robes, bed shirts, 
came in autos and in arms, package after package, until 


[Photo by Won for.} 


Chairman Camden City Branch, Camden County Chapter, 

American Red Cross 


the big rooms were crowded to their limit. From Camden 
City where the work was done by the church units came 
bundle after bundle of beautiful work. The different 
Presbyterian, Episcopal, Roman Catholic, Baptist and 
Methodist units were all working hard for the same good 
cause, the comfort of our boys, and the alleviating of suf- 
fering, by carefully made surgical dressings and hospital 

Inspected under the supervision of Mrs. Stanley, of 
Collingswood, cases of surgical dressings were packed 
and shipped by the rest of the committee. Mrs. Whyte, 
Miss Reeve, Mrs. Reed, Mrs. James, Mrs. Mather, Mrs. 
Ware, Mrs. Finley, Mrs. Borton and Mrs. Carpenter 
rushed the packing of sheets, pillow cases, convalescent 
robes, bed shirts and etc., until finally on July 14, 1917, 
the first shipment from the chapter headquarters was 
made and went out in charge of the chapter shipper, 
Theodore A. Reed, traffic manager of the Victor Talk- 
ing Machine Company. 

The Haddonfield, Collingswood and Merchantville 
Branches each made a shipment in the later part of June 
a little ahead of the first general shipment. During the 
summer, Mrs. Carson with the aid of some teachers and 
scholars made and sent to headquarters 21Q little gar- 
ments to be sent abroad to the suffering refugees. 

In August of 1 9 17 came the call for thousands of wool 
garments, consequently the wool or knitting committee 
was formed, consisting of Mrs. Ware, Mrs. Clair and 
Mrs. S. R. Hangar in charge of its distribution. 

The chapter saw that each man from Camden county, 
in so far as they could reach them, drafted or enlisted 
men of the army and navy, received the little chapter 
comfort kit. 

As the work grew larger it became necessary to sys- 
tematize and standardize the work and Mrs. Mather was 
put in charge also of the surgical dressings work and in 


all ten branches opened special workrooms for this 

Haddonfield under Miss Kay's able management, 
Merchantville capably conducted by Mrs. Finley, in Col- 
lingswood Mrs. Stanley had charge, in Gloucester Miss 
E. Stiles saw to the care of the surgical rooms, in Black- 
wood under Mrs. Kirkland many good dressings were 
made ; Westmont guided by Miss Bleakley cut and folded 
quantities of gauze; little Delair with Mrs. Zulich in 
charge sent box after box of dressings to chapter head- 
quarters. West Collingswood, too, gave its full quota 
of good work and Haddon Heights had also efficient and 
capable instructors in care of this most important branch 
of work. Camden city for some months made the sur- 
gical dressings in carefully prepared rooms in the 
churches but later these quarters were discontinued as 
this was deemed best to use the big well lighted rooms 
at the new headquarters, 612 Cooper street, where great 
quantities of standard and special dressings were made. 
Classes were held for instructors, one by Miss Margaret 
Davis, a qualified Red Cross nurse, and three classes in- 
structed by Mrs. John R. Mather, Jr., supervisor of sur- 
gical dressings for the county, by Miss E. C. Reeve, Mrs. 
Morse Archer and Mrs. Amos qualified instructors. By 
means of these classes all surgical work was done under 
the supervision of those who had passed examinations 
and had experience in the proper handling of this phase 
of Red Cross work. Just as the Red Cross was settling 
and had great plans for utilizing Trinity Baptist Church, 
it was announced it had been sold and must move. 
The moving this time was a matter of some moment, but 
after days of hard work the packing and stock commit- 
tees had belongings in cases and bundles ready for re- 
moval to the new headquarters, the Stockton house at 
612 Cooper street, most generously loaned by the heirs 
to the organization for the duration of the war. 




In November, 19 18, the Camden City Branch moved 
to commodious quarters in the old Cooper Library build- 
ing which was left standing by the city for their occu- 
pation until the war should cease. 

In December of 191 7 it was found necessary to have 
a means of reaching the branches for the delivery and 
return of supplies and a Chapter Motor Corps was es- 
tablished under the direction of the director of Women 
Bureau, Mrs. John A. Mather, Jr. It rapidly grew to 
be a wonderfully servicable force and its organizer, J. 
Sidney Mather, was made chairman by the executive 
board February 6, 19 18. 

The corps did splendid work and used their cars free- 
ly. During the war, army and navy officers, secret service 
men, hospitals all received their services as well as 
the officers of the chapter. 

In October, 19 18, the executive board authorized the 
purchase of an ambulance motor truck, and the delivery 
of goods has been greatly facilitated. 

During the epidemic of influenza, Camden county's 
work was splendid, nearly every branch had more or 
less of the treacherous disease to combat. After the 
Emergency Hospital was established in Battery B Armory 
the Red Cross furnished the greater part of the sheets, 
pillow cases, etc., as well as most of the gauze masks 
worn by the workers as a protection. Many of these 
were also made at the Red Cross workrooms at the re- 
quest of the hospitals. The chapter also provided cases 
of fruit, jellies, soup and some other delicacies for those 
who needed these things. More than fifty women were 
secured, who went into the homes of those who could 
not get nurses. In some instances Red Cross volunteers 
even had to conduct funeral services and bury the dead. 

Many of the women at headquarters, after a dav's 
work packing and shipping, for some of the work had to 
go steadily on, took materials home to hem or model into 
garments for the hospitals. The headquarters at 612 



Cooper street was open day and night in order to attend 
the emergency cases reported to them. 

In September, 19 18, commenced the "Used Clothing 
Campaign" for the Belgians, under the following com- 
mittees: Robert J. D. Fields, chairman; William D. 
Sayrs, Jr., Jas. H. Long, Charles Laib, William D. Van- 
naman and Dr. H. H. Davis. Twenty-tons of clothing 
was collected by this able committee and shipped to New 
York division headquarters. 

On June, 8 1918, George J. Bergen, treasurer, was 
killed by a train at Haddonfield, and Millwood Truscott 
became treasurer as well as secretary. The officers in 
19 18 and 19 1 9 were as follows: 

Dr. Daniel Strock, Chairman 
George Carr, Vice Chairman Millwood Truscott, Secretary and Treasurer 


Mrs. J. A. Mather, Jr. 
Miss E. C. Reeve 
Miss E. Moore 
Judge F. T. Eloyd 
P. H. Harding 
David B. Jester 

Chas. S. Boyer 
Mrs. Robt. Garrett 
Miss Stella Weeks 
Mrs. T. Stites 
Mrs. E. W. Delacroix 

Mrs. Geo. W. Whyte 
Mrs. W. F. Reber 
Theodore A. Reed 
Miss A. R. Kay 
William D. Sayrs, Jr. 

Ashland Branch 
Mrs. E. W. Atkinson, Chairman 
Mrs. Oscar Brown, Secretary 
Mrs. E. T. Hamilton, Treasurer 

Audubon Branch 
Charles F. Wise, Chairman 
Mrs. H. Nelson Craig, Secretary 
G. C. Henderson, Treasurer 

Berlin Branch 
Mrs. F. O. Stem, Chairman 
Mrs. Wm. Wcscott, Secretary 
J. M. Evans, Treasurer 

Braddock Auxiliary 
Mrs. C. H. Croft, Chairman 
Mrs. O. J. Croft, Secretary 
Mrs. H, J. Brimfield, Treasurer 

Chews Branch 
Mrs. Chas. Severns, Chairman 
Mrs. W. S. Entrikin, Secretary 
Mrs. James Stetser, Treasurer 

Collingswood Branch. 
Dr. E. S. Sheldon, Chairman 
Mrs. B. I. Bailey, Secretary 
E. B. Jillard, Treasurer 

Atco Branch 

Mrs. H. Wyle, Chairman 
John H. Henderson, Secretary 
Mrs. T. Schleinkofer, Treasurer 

Barrington Branch. 
Mrs. J. H. Johnson, Chairman 
Mrs. B. Staffeldt, Secretary 
Mrs. H. K. Ball, Treasurer 

Blackwood Branch 
Dr. J. E. Hurff, Chairman 

E. E. Wilson, Secretary 
J. Mathias, Treasurer 

Camden City Branch 
George W. Whyte, Chairman 
Norman B. Stinson, Secretary 

F. Wayland Potter, Treasurer 




Clementon Branch 
Mrs. Fred Nolte, Chairman 
Mrs. Alfred Wright, Secretary 
Mrs. Edw. Jaggard, Treasurer 

Delair Branch 
Mrs. M. G. Sexton, Chairman 
Mrs. M. E. Hollinshed, Secretary 
Mrs. Elizabeth Goll, Treasurer 

Gibbsboro Branch 
Mrs. B. W. Casselberry, Chairman 
Miss Mary Wilson, Secretary 
A. Fulleylove, Treasurer 

Haddonfield Branch 
Mrs. E. Mercier, Chairman 
Miss b. Smitheman, Secretary 
Lawrence Appleton, Treasurer 

Jordantown Auxiliary 
Miss Sallie Robinson, Chairman 
Bessie Quan, Secretary 
Ellen Dorsey, Treasurer 

Lawnside Branch 
.Mrs. Louis J. Allen, Chairman 
Sadie Parks, Secretary 
Mary A. Moore, Treasurer 

MerchantvillE Branch 
E. P. Challenger, Chairman 
Mrs. 'L. H. McCool, Secretary 
E. C. Jefferis, Treasurer 

Oaklyn Branch 
Miss A. M. Ludlow, Chairman 
Miss E. May Avil, Secretary 
Mrs. H. T. Justice, Treasurer 

Stratford Auxiliary 
Mrs. Charles C. Jaggard, Chairman 
Mrs. Harry Reis, Secretary 
Mrs. L. L. Belding, Treasurer 

Westmont Branch 
Mrs. Wm. Brice, Chairman 
Miss Florence Brown, Secretary 
Mrs. Frank M. Walters, Treasurer 

Gloucester Branch 
Chas. H. Fowler, Chairman 
Miss E. L. Powell, Secretary 
J. F. Lenny, Treasurer 

Haddon Heights Branch 
Mrs. Wm. Carpenter, Chairman 
Mrs. R. F. Edwards, Secretary 
Frank Reber, Treasurer 

Laurel Springs Branch 
Miss E. H. Schubert, Chairman 
Mrs. M. Wetherill, Secretary 
Mrs. M. Hughes, Treasurer 

Magnolia Branch 
Miss Jean MacGarvie, Chairman 
Marion Galloway, Secretary 
C. M. Watson, Treasurer 

Mt. Ephraim Branch 
Miss Mary Bray, Chairman 
Thcs. Bray, Secretary & Treasurer 

Pensauken Branch 
Chas. DuBree, Chairman 
Mrs. E. Barrington, Secretary 
Mrs. J. Adams, Treasurer 

West Colli ngs wood Branch 
George Carr, Chairman 
Mrs. J. Williams, Secretary 
Mrs. J. Pancoast, Treasurer 

Woodlynne Branch 
Mrs. Wm. Feaster, Chairman 
Etta L. Bossert, Secretary 
Mrys. George Ryden, Treasurer 

The report of the secretary at the meeting in 1917 
showed the membership of the chapter to be 11,764. The 
total membership on October 1, 19 18, was 24,439. The 
Christmas Drive brought a total of 19,355, the balance 
of 5,024 coming through the regular channels. Judge 
Frank T. Lloyd was chairman of the campaign com- 


The report of the chairman of women's work shows 
a total for 1918 of $46,079 worth of raw materials 
handled and 194,185 articles produced, with raw ma- 
terials on hand to value of $6,035.65. 

The recapitulation of the report submitted by the sev- 
eral branches show total receipts from donations and 
miscellaneous sources of $41,192.32, and disbursements 
for materials and miscellaneous expenses of $22,171.97. 
The total cash paid into the Second War Fund is $225,- 
792.88, of which the county chapter got a rebate of 25 
per cent., the amount received being $56,448.22. James 
J. Scott was chairman. 

Mrs. George J. Gleason was chairman of a committee 
of Red Cross workers who raised sufficient funds at 
Christmas time in 1917 to send two hundred and fifty 
gifts to soldiers across the seas. 

The cartons sent overseas at Christmas, 1918, were in 
charge of H. R. Staley, assisted by Mrs. N. Bottomley, 
Mrs. E. G. Hummell, Mrs. E. C. Pechin, Mrs. L. P. Reed, 
Mrs. Shoemaker, Mrs. Hoffman, Miss B. Schellenger, 
Miss Sara Webster, Miss E. Dorn, Miss M. Lukens. Be- 
tween 2,500 and 3,000 cartons were weighed and shipped 
to gladden the hearts of the boys who could not yet 
come home, though peace was on its way. 

Sixteen thousand children of the public schools be- 
came members of the Junior Red Cross by contributing 
a membership fee of twenty-five cents. These children 
produced a total of 4,977 garments. 

The first Red Cross War Fund Campaign opened on 
June 18, 1917, with Charles H. Harrington as director 
and the quota was $150,000. This was oversubscribed 
by $25,000. 

When the 114th Infantry returned home on May 13, 
1919, the canteen workers, under the leadership of Mrs. 
Francis F. Patterson provided a fine breakfast for the 
boys at Third Regiment Armory. Three hundred Red 
Cross workers served the meal besides assisting in the 
preparation of it. 


[Copyright by Harris & Bo 

Governor of New Jersey 


State Militia 

FOLLOWING the federalization of the National 
Guard of the State in July, 19 17, Governor Walter 
E. Edge invited three men from each county in the 
State to meet him in conference at Sea Girt on August 
8, 19 1 7, to discuss means for affording an available force 
of troops for the protection of any part of the State in 
the event of disorder. It was decided to form a new 
State Militia to replace the National Guard. This 
county was represented at the conference by County 
Clerk Francis F. Patterson, Captain Mahlon F. Ivins and 
Charles L. Van Fossen. These three men were instruct- 
ed to recruit a company of two hundred men in Camden 

With the assistance of automobiles furnished by Wil- 
liam C. Gerhard and George R. Harvey, of Merchant- 
ville, every town in the county was visited within the 
next ten days by Captain Ivins and Mr. Van Fossen. 
and on August 24 ninety-two men reported at the Third 
Regiment Armory for medical examination. The medi- 
cal examiners were Drs. Joseph D. Lawrence and Joseph 
Roberts. On the same evening a telegram from the ad- 
jutant general instructed the committee to reduce the 
county's quota to one hundred men. 

The company was mustered in on August 28 by Major 
Harry C. Kramer and ninety-nine men were sworn in. 
This was the first militia company to be mustered into 
service in the United States and to be reported to the 
State and Federal authorities for duty. At an election 
held the same evening the following officers were chosen : 
Captain, Mahlon F. Ivins; First Lieutenant "Rirton S. 
Muir; Second Lieutenant, William C. Gerhard. 


The company was ordered to Sea Girt on September 
5 for rifle practice and was complimented by Governor 
Edge during his review of the new company. The com- 
pany was inspected by Major H. P. Morehead, battalion 
commander, in December and was rated one hundred 
per cent. 

The Second Battalion Sanitary Unit was recruited and 
Dr. Joseph D. Lawrence was placed in command with 
the rank of captain. The Imperial Band, of Collings- 
wood, tendered its services to the State and the band 
was recruited as the Second Battalion Band. Sergeant 
James Young was conductor. 

The Camden company became known as Company A, 
Second Battalion, New Jersey State Militia. It was 
ordered to Sea Girt again on June 30, 19 18, for ten days 
encampment. Officers and non-commission officers at- 
tended instructions at Sea Girt in June prior to the an- 
nual encampment. 

Captain Ivins resigned to become major of the Sec- 
ond New Jersey Field Artillery but was later re-assigned 
to command Company A, following the encampment. He 
resigned in the fall of 1918 to accept a commission as 
captain in the Ordnance Deparment, United States 
Army, and at an election in October, First Lieutenant 
Barton S. Muir was elected captain ; Second Lieutenant 
William C. Gerhard first lieutenant, and Sergeant Allen 
H. Robinson second lieutenant. Charles L. Van Fossen, 
one of the two organizers of the company, was com- 
missioned first lieutenant of the Second New Jersey 
Field Artillery. He was later promoted to captain and 
assigned to Headquarters Company located in Camden. 
Company A appeared in a number of war drive 
parades. The most of the militiamen were married 
with dependent families, willing to protect homes and 
firesides while the troops were abroad. Company A 
went to Sea Girt again on July 20, 1919, for a week's 


encampment and the officers training camp was held 
from July 6 to 12. 

Second Field Artillery 

After the First New Jersey Field Artillery had been 
called into service by the War Department Governor 
Edge was instructed to have recruited an additional ar- 
tillery regiment in New Jersey with the result that the 
Second Field Artillery came into existence. The recruit- 
ing began in this county on August 25, 1917, with First 
Lieutenant S. Raymond Dobbs in charge. Lieutenant 
Dobbs was promoted captain and placed in command of 
Headquarters Company located in Camden with head- 
quarters at Battery B Armory. The regiment was 
federalized on December 13, 1917, and was ordered to 
Camp McClellan. Then something happened in the 
plans of the War Department and the order was can- 
celled. The regiment was never summoned again, al- 
though repeated efforts were made by Governor Edge 
to have it mustered into the regular service. First Lieu- 
tenant Charles L. Van Fossen was placed in command 
of Headquarters Company upon retirement of Captain 
Dobbs. He was later promoted captain. The company 
was mustered out of service April 18, 19 19. 

Home Guard 

After America entered the war and the Eddystone 
plant was evidently destroyed by incendiaries with such 
terrible loss of life, the Government deemed it necessary 
that each community provide its own protection, so Home 
Guards were organized subject to the call of the mayor 
of the community in which these units were formed. 
When the organization call came hundreds of men vol- 
unteered, many of them as old as sixty-five years. 


Camden set apart April 17, 19 17, as registration day. 
Sheriff Joshua C. Haines was chairman of the Home 
Guards Committee of the Public Safety Committee and 
perfected an organization for the registration. In Cam- 
den 2,040 men enrolled in the thirteen wards and sev- 
eral companies were organized. Gloucester City, 
Haddon Heights, Westmont and Haddonfield formed 
companies while Merchantville formed a battalion. 

The Gloucester City company was commanded by 
Captain Harry F. Green and Haddon Heights company 
by Captain William C. Carpenter. Merchantville had 
three companies and Pensauken township one. They 
united to form a battalion under Major John Mickle. 
The company commanders were : Company A, Captain 
Mahlon F. Ivins; Company B, Captain William H. Fra- 
zee ; Company C, Captain Charles Dickinson ; Com- 
pany D, Captain John Annis ; battalion Adjutant, First 
Lieutenant Charles G. Keene; supply officer, Second 
Lieutenant Milton Vail. Gloucester and part of Mer- 
chantville companies became part of the New Jersey 
Militia when Company A was organized in Camden. 

A Home Guard company was organized at Collings- 
wood by Barton S. Muir and these officers were elected : 
Captain, Charles Thomas; first lieutenant, Barton S. 
Muir; second lieutenant, Albert E. Ingram. The com- 
pany disbanded when the State Militia came into exis- 
tence, the majority of the Collingswood company joining 
the new State organization. Lieutenant Muir was elect- 
ed first lieutenant of Company A, of Camden, on the 
night that unit was organized and mustered in. 

The companies drilled with broom sticks at first. Then 
riot clubs were secured. Merchantville and Haddon 
Heights furnished arms for their companies by popular 
subscription. The guards sought recognition from the 
State and permission to drill in armories, which was 
granted about six months later. In the fall of 
T9T7 the guards became known as the State Militia Re- 


serve. They were not liable to duty outside of the com- 
munity in which they were organized but could volun- 
teer their services to the State in case of necessity. 

Camden Battalion 

Companies were organized in every ward in the city. 
In fact there were two companies in some wards, but the 
slowness of the State department in equipping the men 
caused them to lose heart after they drilled on the hot 
streets with broom sticks during the summer of 1917, 
and the companies gradually dwindled away until there 
were but enough men to make up four full companies 
throughout the city. 

When the State finally recognized the Home Guard 
units Camden organized a battalion. The Camden Bat- 
talion was formally recognized and accepted by the 
State on November 17, 19 17. The battalion was uni- 
formed and equipped by the City of Camden. The first 
to command this body was Major Edward C. Auster- 
muhl, who later resigned to enter the service of the Gov- 
ernment. The board of officers then elected, and the 
Governor commissioned Captain John H. Andrus as 
major of the Camden Battalion. 

Two hundred and seventy-seven officers and men com- 
prised the command of Major Andrus with headquarters 
in the Third Regiment Armory. The battalion took part 
in each of the Liberty Loan campaigns and in the drives 
conducted by the Red Cross, Knights of Columbus, 
Young Men's Christian Association, et al. During the 
influenza epidemic an Emergency Hospital was estab- 
lished at the Armory of Battery "B," in charge of a 
committee from City Council. Unable to employ suffi- 
cient help, Mayor Ellis called on the State Militia Re- 
serve. While the hospital was in service one hundred 
and ten men of the Battalion were on duty twelve hours 
each and performed every task assigned them most will- 


ingly. Aside from their hospital duties, men of the 
Battalion were at various times assigned to go to private 
homes to assist the nurses in restraining delirious 

On May i, 1919, when anarchist and Bolshevist sym- 
pathizers had prepared a May Day celebration against 
organized government, Mayor Ellis called two companies 
of the Battalion to Third Regiment Armory where they 
were held in reserve to aid the Police Department should 
the situation become alarming. Their services were not 
needed, however, during the day. 

The officers of the organization follow : Major J. H. 
Andrus, First Lieutenant Charles Stuart Straw, ad- 
jutant; Second Lieutenant Walter M. Morris, supply 
officer. Company A — Captain C. F. Hettinger, First 
Lieutenant Benjamin Abrams, Second Lieutenant H. F. 
Hippenstiel. Company B — Captain M. J. Paxson, First 
Lieutenant Clinton I. Evans, Second Lieutenant S. W. 
Wilson. Company C — Captain H. H. Taney, First 
Lieutenant Horace Morrison, Second Lieutenant Amos 
Neilly. Company D — Captain Frank Parker, First 
Lieutenant A. P. Saumenig, Second Lieutenant J. 
Hobart Condit. 



U'hoto by Won/, r.] 
Chairman of Camden Public Safety Committee and Victory- 
Jubilee and Memorial Committee 



AT the outbreak of the war it was obvious that each 
community in the country must protect itself 
against plots to overthrow the American Government, 
to blow up munition plants, such had been done at Eddy- 
stone, Pa., when hundreds were killed and injured, and 
to suppress all attempts at disorder on the part of pro- 
German sympathizers, and the result was that public 
safety committees were appointed in each State with 
sub-committees in each municipality. This State was 
organized by Governor Walter E. Edge, who called a 
meeting of seven hundred mayors of cities in the State 
on March 28, 1917. The governors of the States of the 
Union had previously held a conference with the War 
Department at Washington. These committeees later 
became known as Councils of Defense. There was a 
National Council of Defense and a council in each 
State and one in each city. 

On March 27, 19 17, Mayor Ellis named the Camden 
Public Safety Committee with a membership of two hun- 
dred and seventy-five members, and the first meeting took 
place in the old Lyon Tabernacle at Twelfth and Federal 
streets on the following evening at which time the fol- 
lowing officers were elected: Mayor Charles H. Ellis, 
president; Dr. H. H. Grace, Judge Frank T. Lloyd and 
County Clerk Francis F. Patterson, vice presidents; 
Charles M. Curry secretary; Charles A. Reynolds, treas- 
urer. Camden was the first city in the State to organize 
a public safety committee and plans were discussed at 
the initial meeting for the organization of a home guard 
of four hundred and fifty men. On March 30, 1917, City 
Council appropriated $1,000 for the immediate use of 



the committee to protect the city. The members of the 
committee were as follows : 

Mayor Charles H. Ellis, President 

Francis F. Patterson, Jr., First V-Pres. Charles M. Curry, Secretary 
Hon. Frank T. Lloyd, Second V-Pres. Charles A. Reynolds, Treasurer 
Dr. H. H. Grace, Third V-Pres. David Baird, Jr., Asst. Treasurer 

David Baird, Sr. 
Ralph W. E. Donges 
Joshua C. Haines 
Charles S. Boyer 
Dr. Daniel Strock 
A. B. F. Smith 
Upton S. Jefferys 

David Baird, Sr. 
F. Wayland Ayer 
Fithian S. Simmons 
B. B. Draper 
Herbert N. Munger 
Edmund E. Read 
Francis B. Wallen 
George A. Frey 
David A. Henderson 

Ralph W. E. Donges 

J. Hartley Bowen 

J. Milton Burdge 

T. G. Coulter 

H. H. Etter 

Dr. Joel W. Fithian 

George L. Bender 
David Baird, Jr. 
W. Penn Corson 
H. J. Dudley 

George L. Bender 
Wm. D. Sayrs, Jr. 
W. W. Fry 
Harry M. Knight 
B. M, Hedrick 
Wm. D. Brown 
Mrs. Joseph Kobus 


Joseph H. Forsyth 
David B. Jester 
John Prentice 

A. R. Frome 

B. G. Royal 
Wm. J. Cooper 
Samuel Croft 
George M. Andrews 
James Buckelew 


Edgar A. Freeman 
E. J. Kelleher 
James H. Long 
J. M. Pennock 
Wm. F. Powell 

Arthur R. Gcmberling 
Joseph H. Forsyth 
W. Penn Corson 
John Prentice 
James H. Long 
E. G. C. Bleakly 
Francis B. Wallen 

Very Rev. B. J. Mulligan 

James V. Moran 

Theodore T. Kause! 

W. H. Pratt 

Arthur R. Gemberlinj 

Frank Starr 

Dr. C. T. Branch 

Wm. Casselman 

E. G. C. Bleakly 

Walter T. Pratt 
William T. Read 
F. D. Weaver 
C. A. Wolverto« 
William C Story 


Rev. H. F. Gravatt 
L. B. Reader 
E. P. Carson 
Dr. Harry Jarrett 

B. M. Hedrick 

James E. Hewitt 

Dr. Paul N. Litchfield 

Charles S. Boyer Theodore T. Kausel J. H. Downey 

Frank S. Van Hart J. Lynn Truscott Ralph D. Baker 

Belford G. Royal Arthur C. Abele John T. Rodan 

Kessler Webster Samuel L. Clarke Raymond L. Warrei 


William D. Sayrs, Jr. 
Rev. Zed H. Copp 
W. Butler 

Sig. Schoenagle 
David Doan 
William A. Frost 

Joseph S. Kerbaugh 
Antonio Mecca 
T. Harry Rowland 


Secretary of Public Safety Committee and Victory Jubilee and 
Memorial Committee 




Robert J. D. Field 
George H. Cummins 
Alex. Jasienski 
William C. French 

L- T. Derousse 

Wra. D. Vanaman 
A. E. Simmons 

E. B. McClong 
George A. Tatem 
Malcolm B. Webster 

Joshua C. Haines 
George E. Kappell 
F. E. Himmelein 
Thomas Mason 
James F. Lennon 
Frank C. Sayrs 
Rev. G. H. Hemingway 
William D. Brown 


John Conradi 
Fred W. Gercke 
F. George Delker 
Rev. Jas. R. White 
George J. Schneider 
William Weber 
William F. Bolzau 
George Arnold 

Benjamin Abrams 
J. Blair Cuthbert 
Rev. I. E. Showell 
John J. Bingham 
George A. Fogarty 
Chas. W. Mathiott 
Joseph A. Tully 
Francis G. Bailey 


Dr. Daniel Strock 
Dr. C. F. Hadley 
Rev. John B. Haines 
Rev. R. E. Brestell 

Miss Elizabeth C. Reeve 
Dr. Paul M. Mecray 
Dr. C. P. Tuttle 

Albert S. Woodruff 
Mrs. E. S. Woodward 
Dr. Lettie Allen Ward 

A. B. F. Smith 
Fredk Von Neida 
C. J. Roberts 
James E. Tatem 
A. W. Young 


R. D. Clow, Jr. 
Geo. H. Gomersall 
George Bradley 
George Blake 
George Bachmann 

William C. Davis 
W. L. Sweeten 
J. Sidney Mather 
Chas. W. Austermuhl 
William W. Moyer 

Upton S. Jefferys 
Frank S. Albright 
Frank Sheridan 
Benj. W. Courter 
John D. Courter 


Daniel M. Hassett 
Charles Schuck 
Clayton Moore 
Otto Erdlen 
Charles J. Haaga 

Daniel P. McConnell 
James L. Polk 
William H. Jefferys 
John J. Tischner 


Rev. Charles Bowden 
George W. Whyte 
John T. Rodan 
John W. Sell 
R. S. Carney 

William D. Brown 
A. L. Sayers 
Dr. Grant E. Kirk 
A. L. Ogden 
Charles A. Wolverton 

Fredk Von Neida 
Rev. J. R. Read 
Christian D. Fisher 
A. Lincoln Michener 


B. M. Hedrick 
Zed H. Copp 
Charles H. Ellis 
David Jester 
E. G. C. Bleakly 
Hon. Frank T. Lloyd 
Dr. James E. Bryan 

Asa L. Roberts 

M. F. Middleton, Jr. 

A. B. Sparks 

J. Hartley Bowen 

Richard S. Carney 

Charles H. Hayes 

W. D. Sayrs, Jr. 

William Derham 
George L. Bender 
Dr. H. L. Rose 
Georga Molineaux 
Ray E. Zimmerman 
H. R. Kuehner 

1 62 


W. W. Fry 
Rev. E. Ray Simon* 
Charles A. Wolverton 
William J. Cooper 
W. H. Debenham 


Abe Fuhrman 
Wm. Heckenhorn 
Joseph F. Magee 
Joshua C. Haines 

F. G. Hitchner 
H. N. Munger 

G. Wilbur Taylor 
H. B. Hemphill 


C. S. Ackley 

W. S. Abbott 

Philip Auerbach 

George W. Amme 

Hon. Wm. J. Browning 

George Barrett 

M. D. Bulifant 

W. J. Boddy 

Edward B. Broadway 

L- F. Bonaker 

J. Z. Blank 

Dr. W. K. Browning 

Thomas W. Binker 

Samuel Buzine 

Frazer A. Baker 

H. P. Bailey 

Henry F. Budney 

W. P. Brewin 

Arthur B. Butcher 

Thomas Burnsides 

Josiah Beckett 

Heisler Bowden 

L. S. Bell 

Dr. Jas. W. Blackwood 

Rev. Dr. I. W. Bagley 

Ernest E. Bartelt 

W. B. M. Burrell 

William A. Baird 

A. G. Connell 

Rev. T. D. Collins 

Dr. W. W. Crate 

Sylvester Corson 

H. M. Cooper 

Ralph D. Childrey 

William B. Cannon 

Joseph G. Corson 

Harry Cline 

Benjamin F. Cox 

Ralph Cavallo 

Dr. H. H. Davis 

Howard Dalrymple 

C K. Deacon 

Joseph B. Davis 

Joseph Driver 

Isaac Dough ten 

Harry A. Durkin 

Rev. M. Di Ielsi 

J. R. Diehm 
James L. Dougherty 
John W. Dyer 
Samuel A. Dobbins 
William A. Donavan 
J. T. Dorrance 
Harry M. Dease 
Charles Epting 
Raymond L. English 
Wilbur B. Ellis 
F. A. Finkeldey, Sr. 
Philip P. Fletcher 
George Fisher 
Walter M. Friant 
W. E. Fox 
Herbert C. Felton 
John A. Furey 
Charles M. Ferat 
Wm. H. Fredericks 
Harry L. Foulkes 
Isaac Frisch 
V. M. Fulton 
Rev. C. I. FitzGeorge 
Dr. I. N. Griscom 
William Grass 
George Garland 
Walter E. Garwood 
Robert J. Garrison 
C. H. Greer 
Kohman Goldstein 
Isaac H. Gleason 
Wm. W. Garrigues 
Louis B. Humphreys 
Harry R. Humphreys 
Harry C. Hinchman 
Bruce C. Hallowell 
George Helm 
Edward Heimach 
George F. Hammond 
Rev. W. H. Heath 
P. D. Hughes 
Edwin S. Huff 
Robert J. Hill 
Cooper B. Hatch 
Howard Hammell 
J. J. Ilowelctt 
E- D. Horner 

Dr. Roland I. Hainea 
Arthur Herron 
Wesley W. Hibbs 
Edward Hillman 
Edgar R. Holme 
William E. Hilbmann 
F. G. Hitchner 
W. S. Hunt 
Edward Ivers 
J. C. Pohnson 

A. L. Jones 

Dr. Herbert Johnsoa 
S. M. Jacobson 
Joseph W. Johnston 
George W. Kirkbride 
Anthony Kobus 
George P. Kroecker 
William J. Kelley 
Dr. Thomas M. Kain 
William H. King 
Robert Kepner 
William J. Kelly 
Dr. A. H. Lippincott 
Henry C. Eounsberry 
E. G. Locke 
William L. Lloyd 
H. B. Lee 
Harry C. Sharp 
Thomas N. Lecson 
Wilbur Lambert 
Frank J. Leonard 
Edward M. Ladd 
Dr. J. Lynn Mahaffey 
Robert Macintosh 
William II. Monroe 
Howard Marshall 
Dr. W. E. Miller 

B. S. Maloney 
Herbert W. Mowrey 
Dr. P. H. Markley 
William E. Morgenweck 
Col. D. B. Murphy 
Benton O. Miller 
Joseph J. Merit! 
Clarence 1 ) Mathews 
William Mil's 

Edward Mill»r 


[Photo by Wonfor.] 

Chairman of Investigation Committee 



COMMITTEE— Continued. 

Marco Marino 
A. W. Nash 
R. M. Pancoast, Jr. 
Walter Parsons 
J. Marion Parsons 
H. Frank Pettit 
Wolcott J. Patterson 
Rev. S. D. Price 
Dr. Edward C Pechin 
G. H. Prince 
William F. Powell 
E. Pierce 
Elwood Prickett 
David B. Peterson 
Rev. E. O. Parker 
W. E. Prickett 
Benjamin Phillip 
David R. Rose 
W. L. Roberts 
H. R. Read 
Wilbur F. Rom 
Frederick Roedel, Sr. 
Dr. A S. Ross 
Joseph Richards 
Newton Roney 
Dr. A. B. Reader 
Gustav Roedel 
John S. Roberts 
Wm. M. Riddle 

Frank G. Rigging 

Chas. C. Reeves, Jr. 

Dr. S. M. Rubinstein 

Wm. E. Ringle 

Dr. E. A. Y. Schellenger 

Walter Simpson 

Adam T. Schlorer 

Chas. H. Stewart 

Joseph P. Shinn 

Dr. O. W. Saunders 

Dr. M. A Street 

John A. Stockton 

Ira Shute 

Chas. H. Sullivan, Jr. 

Max Schoeman 

Robert Smith 

Frank Saur 

Chas. S. Straw 

A. Shimp, Sr. 

Harry C. Sharp 

Edward W. Sharp 

Chas. P. Stitt 

John M. Smith 

Anthony S. Spring 

Thos. Skillman 

John J. Stevenson 

William Sturges 

John Schuda 

Arthur R. Stanton 
Edward F. Tretbar 

F. W. Tussejr 

G. E. Taylor 
William Tideken 
E. P. Turner 
Orley Twigg 
Joseph R. Taylor 
Warren S. Thompson 
Chas. F. Turner 
Frank L. Vinton 
Samuel Varbalow 
Ward D. Vernon 
Harry Varbalow 
Robert A Van Mater 
G. Gerry White 
Phillip Wilson 

E. J. Way 
James F, Walton 
W. Taylor Wright 
John T. Wright 
William Wilkins 
George Wentiing 
Warren Webster 
George H. Williams 
William P. Weiser 
Carl Wiewadel 
Louis Zeitman 

On April 2, 19 17, the second meeting of the commit- 
tee was held in the Y. M. C. A. building. While the 
meeting was in session President Wilson was reading his 
war message to Congress. Before the meeting was over 
a telegram was read from the platform by Walter L. 
Tushingham, a newspaperman, which stated that the 
President had told Congress that a state of war already 
existed between the United States and the Imperial Ger- 
man Empire. Francis G. Riggins had just finished sing- 
ing "The Old Flag Never Touched the Ground," and a 
dramatic scene of cheering followed, led by Spanish- 
American War veterans. The mayor asked the audience 
to rise and Mr. Riggins led in the singing of "America." 

l66 camden county in the great war. 
City Pledged Loyalty. 

Thousands of citizens assembled at Third Regiment 
Armory on Saturday afternoon, April 21, 1917, to pledge 
their loyalty to America in the Great War at a meet- 
ing arranged by the Public Safety Committee. The rally 
took place following a spectacular street parade. Ralph 
W. E. Donges was chairman of the committee on ar- 
rangements and Mayor Ellis was chairman of the meet- 
ing. Addresses were made by United States Senator 
James E. Watson, of Indiana; Attorney General John 
W. Wescott and Dr. Russell H. Conwell, president of 
Temple University. Judge Frank T. Lloyd called on the 
throng to raise their right hands and the great audience 
then repeated after him the Freeman's Oath. This was 
followed by great cheering. The following resolutions 
were read by Secretary Charles M. Curry and adopted 
unanimously : 

"Whereas, in the providence of that Divine Power, 
which has ever been the guiding hand in American his- 
tory, the nation is called to arms to again defend and 
extend the liberties of mankind. 

"Be it resolved, by the citizens, of Camden in mass 
meeting assembled, that without dissenting voice, we 
hereby consecrate to the sacred cause in which we are 
engaged and to the Government of the United States 
our unreserved support and to that end we pledge our 
material resources, our service and life itself to the ac- 
complishment of the unselfish purpose of the President, 
the Congress and the Nation. 

"Resolve, that we call upon the Government to exert 
every lawful effort in the prosecution of the war to a 
successful conclusion, including especially in such effort 
the enactment of legislation to the end that there shall be 
universal training in the bearing of arms, and that a just 
distribution of the burden through fair draft of its 
male citizens may be secured, such system being the only 


equitable method of procuring the service of both the 
willing and the unwilling in the defense of our common 

"Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the President of the United States, the President of the 
Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives." 

All, Special Officers 

Each member of the Public Safety Committee was 
sworn in as a special officer and presented with a badge 
of authority to make arrest and carry weapons. Each 
member was subject to the call of the mayor in case of 
riots, fire, insurrection or any trouble. The occasion 
never arose that necessitated the call of the committee for 
that purpose but it did great work during the war es- 
pecially during the influenza epidemic in the fall of 19 18. 

The committee's greatest feat was to organize a parade 
on the day that the armistice was signed within seven 
hours. Mayor Ellis called the committee at 5.30 a. m., 
on Armistice Day, November n, 19 18, to meet in his 
office at the City Hall at 7 a. m., to plan for a parade at 1 
p. m. A committee left for Camp Dix at 10 a. m. to con- 
fer with Major General Hugh L. Scott, commander, in 
regards to having troops sent to Camden for the parade. 
Arrangements were made to have two companies sent on 
a special train and the parade took place. 

Prior to Christmas, 19 17, the committee secured an 
appropriation from City Council and the Board of Free- 
holders for the purchase of articles to be made into 
Christmas packages for the men in the service. These 
Christmas packages were forwarded to army camps, 
where they were distributed by committees and the gifts 
to the men overseas were forwarded by mail. At the re- 
quest of the Government the committee became known 
as ithe Council of Defense before the war ended and be- 
came a branch of the New Jersey Council of Defense. 

1 68 



THE Victory Jubilee Committee took the place of the 
Council of Defense, previously known as the Pub- 
lic Safety Committee. Mayor Charles H. Ellis named 
the committee shortly after the armistice was signed and 
the first meeting was held at the Board of Trade office 
on November 17, 19 18, when the following committees 
were named and officers elected : 

President, Charles H. Ellis 

Vice President, F, F. Patterson, Jr. 

Secretary, Charles M. Curry 
Treasurer, Walter J. Staats 

Mayor Charles H. Ellis, Chairman 

Charles K. Haddo* 
Walter J. Staats 
James J. Scott 
F. F. Patterson, Jr. 
David B. Jester 
David Baird, Sr. 
John Prentice 
Frank Sheridan 
M. A. Neeland 
William S. Abbott 
F. Morse Archer 
Dr. Henry H. Davis 
William L. Hurley 
James H. Long 
Walter L. Tushingham 
Joseph H. Forsyth 
Townsend Stites 
James E. Bryan 
Frank T. Lloyd 
William J. Cooper 

Chas. S. Boyer 
Charles M. Curry 
George A. Frey 
Francis B. Wallen 
Charles A. Reynolds 
W. Penn Corson 
Dr. Daniel Strock 
Andrew B. F. Smith 
Charles F. Wise 
E. G. C. Bleakly 
William J. Kraft 
Frank S. Van Hart 
Rev. J. B. McCloskey 
William J. Dallas 
Rev. Holmes F. Gravatt 
William D. Sayrs, Jr. 
Dr. Clement T. Branch 
David M. Anderson 
Benjamin Natal 
J. H. Lippincott 

Arthur R. Gemberling 
Thomas W. Jack 
Harry M. Knight 
Isaac Frisch 
John B. Kates 
Elias Davis 
Wm. D. Vanaman 
Volney G. Bennett 
William D. Brown 
Arthur C. Abele 
Samuel Curriden 
Sidney P. McCord 
John H. Fort 
Ernest F. Lloyd 
George A. Wonfor 
Frank J. Hineline 
D. A. Henderson 
Dr. Alex MacAlister 
Antonio Mecca 
Rev. Martin Lipinski 

A. Ransaville Frome 
George A. Frey 
David A. Henderson 
James F. Lennon 
Rev. R. E. Brestell 
Upton S. Jefferys 
George Barrett 
Patrick II. Harding 
Preston D. Hughe* 

William J. Cooper, Chairman 

Very Rev. B. J. Mulligan 

Arthur Stanley 

Rev. Thomas J. Whelan 

Marco Marino 

Louis Tartar 

Philip Auerbach 

Sig. Schoenagle 

Rev. George E. Morris 

Antonio Mecca 

George A. Tatem 
Frank P. Cocchiaraley 
Vincent Cioffi 
Alex. Jasienski 
Joseph Kraz 
Arthur Truscott 
Garfield Pancoast 
Joseph E. Nowrey 
Samuel T. French 








Rev. Alex. Corson 
Rev. Stephen Wiesnski 
Rev. John B. Ha : nes 
Rev. J. 11. Townsend 
Rev. John R. Read 
Wilbur B. Ellis 
Rev. Chas. I. FitzGeorge 
James E. Tatem 
O. D. Kline 
Louis Zeitmaa 
Rev. John W. Lyell 
Samuel A. Dobbins 
Rev. H. J. Vosburgh 
William D. Brown 
Rev. Thilo M. Gorr 
William Williams 
Charles Houvington 

John G. Payne 
Powell K. Martin 
Harry P. Roesch 
Rev. Orlando Watts 
John W. Kelly, Jr. 
Rev. Giovanni Allegri 
Percy H. Pedrick 
David M. Anderson 
Frederick Lange 
Edward F. Dold 
Horace Bradbury 
Thomas W. Jack 
J. H. Lippincott, Jr. 
William J. Dallas 
Harry W. Hagerty 
Thomas A. Graham 

William F. McAllister 
Anthony R. Rohmer 
James W. Firth 
William C. Raughly 
Wiliam R. Sentman 
John McCallion 
William T. Lippincott 
J. S. Carter 
Alfred M. Matthews 
Larson Homer 
W. I. Tomlinson 
Fred C. Sickler 
William J. Salter 
Steve Mignogno 
S. M. Jacobson 
O. Glen Stackhouse 

F. F. Patterson, Jr., Chairman 

J. W. Sell James F. Lennon Samuel Wood 

David Baird, Jr. Charles Laird, Jr. Frank O. Stem 

Harry C. Sharp Alfred L. Sayers Charles A. Wolverton 

Wm. J. Browning 
Joshua C. Haines 

David Baird, Sr., Chairman 

William T. Read 
Joseph Wallworth 
Ralph W. Kellam 

T. Harry Rowland 
Harry C. Kramer 

Joshua C Haines 
James E. Hewitt 
Theo. T. Kausel 
Harry C. Sharp 

Powell G. Fithian 

Joseph E. Nowrey 
Frank C. Sayrs 
E. Kessler Webstar 


Dr. Daniel Strock, Chairman 

George W. Whyte 

James J. Scott, Chairman 

Charles A. Reynolds 
J. Walter Levering 
Townsend Stites 
Warren Webster 

E. E. Read, Jr. 
James H. Eong 
Michelle Ferrante 

James E. Bryan, Chairman 

Rev. F. J. McCallion M. D. Cornish 

James H. Long, Chairman 

Frank G. Riggins 
Wm. D. Sayrs, Jr. 
Antonio DiPaolo 

Joseph H. Forsyth 
Chas. M. Curry 



Frank Sheridan, Chairman 

Frank H. Ryan, Sec'y 
Charles Schuck 
Daniel P. McConnell 
William Jefferys 
Benj. W. Courter 

William D. Brown 
W. D. Sayrs, Jr. 
Wm. J. Strandwitz 
Frank S. Van Hart 
James H. Long 

John D. Courter 
James L. Polk 
Daniel M. Stevens 
Frank S. Albright 

Charles J. Haaga 
William Rothman 
Alvah M. Smith 
Richard S. Ridgway 

W. Penn Corson, Chairman 

Rev. G H. Hemingway 
Volney G. Bennett 
Rev. Orlando Watts 
Charles F. Wise 
Antonio Mecca 

Dr. H. H. Davis, Chairman 

Robert D. Clow, Jr. 
John Prentice 
Robert J. D. Field 
Harry Pelouze 
Charles M. Curry 

Dr. John F. Leavitt 
Dr. Harry F. Palm 
Dr. Edward C. Pechin 
Dr. Marcus K. Mines 
Dr. Wm. P. Wingender 
Dr. David S. Rhone 

Dr. Orris W. Saunders Dr. A. M. L. Maldeii 

Dr. Harry F. Bushey Dr. Lozenzo B. Hirst 

Dr. Thomas B. Lee Dr. Joseph E. Roberts 

Dr. Paul M. Mecray Dr. Alexander S. Ross 

Dr. A. Haines Lippincott Dr. Wesley J. Barrett 

Andrew B. F. Smith 
Wm. S. Abbott 
W. H. Turnbull 

Charles H. Greer 
George L. Bender 

Samuel C. Curriden, Chairman. 

Charles S. Boyer John W. Kelly, Jr. 

Walter L. Campbell Charles M. Curry 


Fred W. Gercke 
E. Frank Pine 

Thomas W. Binker 

William S. Abbott, Chairman 

Prof. C. Harold Lowden William L. Roberts William J. Kelly 

John T. Rodan J. Hartley Bowen 

Frank S. Van Hart, Chairman 

F. F. Patterson, Jr. 
Frank J. Hineline 

Wm. D. Sayrs, Jr. 

F. Morse Archer 


Mrs. Mary Walsh Kobus, Chairman 

Mrs. F. F. Patterson 

Mrs. Wm. L- Hurley 

Mrs. H. G. Longwell 

Mrs. L. Read 

Miss E. C Reeve 

Mrs. William Lacy 

Mrs. Wm. Eastlack 

Mrs. John A. Mather 

Mrs. Irving Buckle 

Miss M. A. Burrough 
Mrs. M| H| Sidebottom 
Mrs. S. A. Taylor 
Mrs. W. W. Fry 

Mrs. Francis D. Weaver Miss L. Y. Clopper 



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JAMES J. SCOTT l phot ° b y Wonfor.i 

Chairman of Memorial and Monumemt Committee. 


[Photo by Wonfor.'i 


Chairman of Finance Committee 




Mrs. J. M. Cramer 
Mrs. A. Fuhrman 1 

Mrs. K. Johnson 
,Mrs. Richard Teal 
Mrs. M. Cornish 
Mrs. Isaac King 
Mrs. G. Dore Cogswell 
Mrs. B. F. Royal 
Dr. E. M. Richardson 
Miss N. Deighan 
Mrs. W. B, M. Burrell 
Mrs. G. W. Bradley 
Miss Janet Bradley 
Mrs. John H. Thompson 
Miss S. P. McWilliams 
Mrs. J. Keunzie 
Mrs. Harry Wright 
Mrs. Mary Baird Fox 
Mrs. Charles M. Curry 
Mrs. Sue Wells 
Mrs. Chas. I. FitzGeorge 


Raymond Warren 


H. N. Scheirer 


Julia Sensor 


A. B. F. Smith 


Myrtle Trucksess 


M. Rockhill 


Horace Budd 


M. E. Davis 


Wm. T. Read 


Peter Gulcz 


R. E. Brestell 


Antonio Mecca 


Carl Mankey Jr. 


Chas. H. Greer 


F. Walter Toms 


John Prentice 


F. S, Dodd 


W. Penn Corson 


G. H. Hemingway 


Helen Webb 


Ida Palm 


Eva Wycoff Hall 


J. Saul 




L. P. Roth 


Frank Miller 


J. McAdams 




R. A. Conner 


Malcolm Letts 


Warren Coffin 


James Henderson 


Charles H. Ellis 




E. A. Y. Schellen- 


A. S. May 



Russell Lane 


Paul M. Mecray 


T. B. Lee 

The committee became known as the Victory Jubilee 
and Memorial Committee of Camden City and County 
and appropriations were granted by City Council and 
Board of Freeholders amounting to $25,000, four-fifths 
of which was granted by the city and the balance by the 
county. The committee then ordered victory arches 
erected at Federal street, Market street and Kaighn ave- 
nue terminals ; a court of honor at the Court House, City 
Hall and Broadway and Kaighn avenue. 

Because the Government restricted the size of pack- 
ages as Christmas gifts to the men overseas and con- 
fined the parcels mainly to their families, the committee 
sent a new crisp two dollar note to each man in the ser- 
vice as a gift from the city and county in 19 18. The 
committee was also instrumental, through its influential 
members, in having a bill passed by Legislature in giv- 
ing communities the right to bond themselves to raise 
sufficient appropriations for the erections of memorials. 

The committee caused the names of the heroic dead to 
be placed on the main arches of the court of honor at the 
Court House and City Hall. A committee on memorial 
resolutions was instructed to prepare parchments to be 


presented to the families of the men who died in the ser- 
vice as a testimony of esteem from the city and county. 
Through the efforts of the mayor and the committee re- 
turned soldiers were secured employment. 

The first big reception conducted by the committee was 
the welcome to Vice Admiral Henry B. Wilson. This 
was followed by the welcome of the 1 14th Infantry. Then 
as each unit arrived from overseas they were either 
greeted at the ports or at Camp Dix by committees and 
given candy and cigarettes. 

The committee held a celebration at the Court House 
on the night of June 28, 1919, when the peace treaty 
was signed at Versailles and it was attended by 

The committee decided among other things to hold a 
great victory jubilee celebration September 6, 1919, to 
erect a suitable memorial in honor of the men who gave 
their lives in the service, and to dine all men in the coun- 
ty who served in the war at a great banquet during vic- 
tory jubilee. 

Peace Jubilee 

The Peace Jubilee was the crowning effort of the Vic- 
tory Jubilee and Memorial Committee. The jubilee was 
celebrated on the afternoon of September 6, 1919, with 
a monster street parade followed by a banquet to the hun- 
dreds of men from this county who served the nation in 
the war on land and sea. The parade was viewed by 
Admiral Henry B. Wilson, Col. Daniel T. Mather and the 
Mayors of Camden county. 

The festivities began with a parade at 2.00 o'clock. 
James H. Long, chairman of the Parade Committee of 
the Victory Jubilee and Memorial Committee, was mar- 
shal. It was the county's first opportunity to honor at 
home all of the men who served in the war and they were 
accorded a mighty welcome. Thousands of persons lined 
the route of the parade. Cheer after cheer greeted the 

1 82 camdEn county in the great war. 

[Photo by Wonfor.] 

\Y. PENN C< >KS()\ 
Chairman of Reception Committee 


[Photo by Wonfor.1 

Chairman of Parade Committee 


heroes of land and sea. Lieutenant Colonel Harry C. 
Kramer was marshal of the soldiers' division and his aides 
were Major Winfield S. Price, Captain Edward West and 
Commander Francis W. Hoffman. Veterans of the 
Twenty-ninth and Seventy-eighth Divisions and the 
sailors and marines marched with steady tread behind 
their battle flags. 

Behind the heroes marched thousands of men and wo- 
men who backed the boys at the front. Almost every fra- 
ternal order in the city was represented in the line of 
march. The Masonic lodges were headed by the uniform- 
ed members of Cyrene Commandery, Knights of Tem- 
plar. Camden Lodge, No. 293, Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks; Camden Lodge No. ill, Loyal Order 
of Moose; Camden and Assissi Councils, Knights of Co- 
lumbus ; Camden Aerie, No. 65, Fraternal Order of 
Eagles; Patriotic Order Sons of America, Colored and 
Polish societies, Order United Americans, Improved 
Order of Red Men were represented in line together with 
many other fraternal orders. 

The Camden Fire Department made a particularly good 
appearance with fine motor apparatus and uniformed men 
headed by Chief Peter B. Carter. The firemen of the var- 
ious towns in the county participated. Mounted police 
acted as an escort, headed by Chief of Police E. A. 

The Camden County Chapter of the American Red 
Cross appeared in uniform. Oversea nurses and work- 
ers, who toiled long hours at home making bandages and 
knitting warm apparel for the fighters, marched in uni- 
form and were heartily cheered. 

Boy Scouts, Ninth Ward Republican Association, 
Whitman Park Improvement Association and the Italian 
societies of the city and other organizations were in line. 

The churches and the Sunday Schools of the county 
participated in great numbers. 


The industrial division included hundreds of factory- 
workers and magnificent floats. Members of the Victory 
Jubilee and Memorial Committee headed the parade with 
Mayor Charles H. Ellis marching in the lead of the divi- 
sion. Members of City Council, Board of Freeholders 
and all of the city and county attaches were in line with 
the equipment of all city bureaus. 

The great throng paused in its jubilation long enough 
to remember the heroes, who did not return, when the 
magnificent memorial float slowly wended its way over 
the gaily decorated route of parade. Church bells tolled 
when the beautiful tribute to the heroic dead began its 
journey down Sixth street from State under the canopy 
of a blue heaven and under the fluttering flags of nations 
whose joint arms had brought peace to the world and 
crushed Prussianism under the heel. 

Mounted majestically over the float was the bronze 
image of a Yank soldier. He stood on a white marble 
pedestal and at his feet were wreaths. A huge gold star, 
bearing the number "135" carried the sad message that 
that number had answered the "roll call up yonder." A 
guard of honor, men from the army, navy and marine 
corps, who served overseas, marched on either side of the 

The relatives of the service men viewed the parade 
from a grandstand in front of the Court House. 

The school children of the city massed at Broadway 
and Line street in front of Carnegie Library. They were 
led in singing by Prof. Powell G. Fithian, Director of 
Music of Public Schools. One square above, the children 
of Broadway School were led in singing by Prof. C. 
Harold Lowden in a Victory Sing. 

Following the parade a great banquet was served by 
the Camden County Chapter of the American Red Cross 
in the Third Regiment Armory to the service men who 
marched in the parade. It was the largest meal ever pre- 
pared in the city and was served by hundreds of Red 
Cross workers. 


§lti; # «l 

Chairman of Memorial Resolutions Commitl 


[Photo by Wonfor.] 

Chairman of Publicity and Historical Committee 


I 9 I 

[Photo by Wonfor.1 
Chairman of Decorations Committee, Who Directed the Erec- 
tion of all Victory Arches and Decorations for Receptions 
to Troops, Admiral Wilson and Peace Jubilee 


Fuel Administration. 

WHEN the fuel situation became acute in the winter 
of 19 17 and 19 1 8, Dr. Harry A. Garfield 
was named national fuel administrator by President 
Wilson. So great was the demand for fuel to keep the 
ships going with supplies for the troops, for moving 
troops and for feeding the allies that there was a short- 
age in this country. The mines were unable to produce 
enough coal to meet the situation and to make matters 
more acute the worst January in history produced twenty 
days of snow. 

Richard Jenkinson, of Newark, was named fuel ad- 
ministrator for New Jersey and Charles K. Haddon, of 
Haddonfield, was named a member of the State Fuel 
Committee. Walter J. Staats, of Merchantville, was 
named administrator for Camden and Gloucester coun- 
ties. The associate administrators for Camden county 
were J. Walter Levering and David Baird, Jr., and for 
Gloucester county, G. M. Ashton, of Swedesboro, and L. 
B. Mockett, of Woodbury. 

On January 21, 19 18, one of the most drastic orders 
ever issued in this republic was made by National Ad- 
ministrator Garfield, when every factory, office building, 
hotel, school, store, church, lodge and society was denied 
fuel for lighting and heat. The order applied to Mon- 
days with few exceptions and was in effect several 
weeks. Then came lightless nights when every business 
house, church, club and factory was not permitted to 
have exterior illumination. Lamps were burned in 
churches, inns, clubs and other public places. 

Coal became so scarce that the administrator allowed 
but a half ton to a customer and then only after the eel- 


lar of the purchaser had been searched by the police to 
prevent hoarding. Factories manufacturing non-essen- 
tials had the coal consigned to them commandeered and 
turned over to hospitals and public works, such as water 
works and electric power plants. Streets were dark at 
night because of the scarcity of coal at the power plant 
of the Public Service Corporation. 

The heavy snow in January delayed the shipment of 
coal for days from mines and often the coal consigned 
to Camden was stolen from the cars before they reached 
here by the population of Pennsylvania towns suffering 
also from the lack of fuel. Churches, hotels and clubs 
burned cord wood and bituminous coal where it was 

During this crisis Administrator Staats had the volun- 
teer services of Andrew B. F. Smith, Clarence H. Lum- 
mis, Edward M. Middleton, Charles Laib and Frank B. 
Middleton at the fuel office which was established at 311 
Market street. 

Food Administration 

When it became recognized that the United States 
must act the role of feeding almost the entire world and 
when Herbert Hoover was appointed national food ad- 
ministrator, Camden county prepared to do its share in 
conserving various foods. Circuit Court Judge Frank T. 
Lloyd and Prosecutor Charles A. Wolverton were ap- 
pointed the administrators in the early summer of 1918. 
It was a very difficult work, especially from the fact the 
American people had never been accustomed, at least in 
this generation, to having their food supply measured. 
It was also rather difficult to always follow to the letter 
the many conflicting orders, reports and what not that 
came from the national or State Administrations, but 
both Judge Lloyd and Prosecutor Wolverton evidenced 
a happy propensity for obtaining the best possible in- 


[Photo by IVonfor.] 

Fuel Administrator of Camden and Gloucester Counties. 


terpretation out of the regulations and that they were 
successful was evidenced in other counties seeking infor- 
mation from them. The sugar, wheat, meat, flour and 
other staple commodities particularly affected by the 
rules created no end of contention in the beginning on 
the part of housewives and bakers, but they soon recog- 
nized the need for the administration and eventually be- 
came staunch aids to the food arbiters. It was a won- 
derful experience for all concerned and in the end learn- 
ed many a person the true value of food and the foolish- 
ness of wasting it. This particular work, one of the most 
difficult in the war. was also one of the most successful. 

War Resources Committee. 

In connection with the prosecution of the war, the 
War Industries Board early in the summer of 191 8 de- 
cided that it would be necessary to employ the full man- 
power of the United States and utilize every ounce of 
certain classes of raw material. To this end the Re- 
sources and Conversion Section was created and the 
country divided into twenty districts, called "regions." 
Camden and South Jersey came under the jurisdiction of 
the Philadelphia district and was known as War Re- 
sources Committee for Sub-Regian No. 10 of Region 
No. 4. At the suggestion of the Camden Board of 
Trade, Ernest R. Trigg, regional advisor, appointed 
Charles S. Boyer, chairman of this sub-region, which in- 
cluded Camden, Gloucester, Salem Cumberland, Cape 
May and Atlantic counties and, from August 10 to 
November 11, he devoted practically his entire time to the 
work. An advistory committee consisting of the follow- 
ing, at considerable personal sacrifice, gave valuable and 
efficient service in the work. 

Benjamin S. Mechling, C. D. Mathews, Ward D. Ker- 
lin, Theo. T. Kausel, Bedford G. Royal, James J. Scott, 
F. Morse Archer, George F. Kappel, J. Walter Levering, 


A. M. Parker, A. R. Frome, Frank S. Van Hart, James 
L. Myles, Charles W. Russ, of Woodbury; Lucius E. 
Hires, of Salem; Charles F. Cox, of Bridgeton, Edward 
A. Wilson, of Atlantic City. 

Charles M. Curry, as secretary of the committee, was 
actively identified in every movement and worked untir- 
ingly to carry out the instructions of the War Industries 

The purposes of this organization were to provide in- 
formation with respect to new sources of war supply 
and manufacturing opportunities and to act as the point 
of contact between the War Industries Board and 

It was immediately patent to the local committee that 
the first thing to be done in this sub-region was to pro- 
cure an industrial census of the entire district. This 
survey was started and had been nearly completed when 
the armistice was signed. It included in addition to the 
usual information, not only data relating to individual 
power plants, but also complete lists of all machine shop 
equipment and the possibilities of converting non-essen- 
tial into essential industries. The power information 
was turned over to the Emergency Fleet Corporation, 
while the machine shop data was filed with the Ordnance 
Department of the Army. 

The sub-region maintained an office at 542 Federal 
street, Camden, where all priority rulings of the War 
Industries Board were received and information relat- 
ing to priorities matters furnished to interested parties. 

Several investigations were made at the request of dif- 
ferent branches of the War Department, including com- 
plete data relating to the refrigerating plants in this 
region and the buildings available for emergency hos- 
pitals. The chairman was instructed to ascertain 
whether there was any rattan available in this territory, 
whether there were any establishments that could be 
turned over to the making of semi-steel shells, whether 


[Photo by U'onfor.] 

Food Administrator of Camden County 


any manufacturers could produce klaxon horns, 
whether there were any weavers of wire cloth, how many 
locomotive cranes not in use could be located and many 
similar inquiries. 

City Farm Gardens 

Another weapon to defeat the enemy was the estab- 
lishment of City Farm Gardens in the country. They 
were urged by the Government and not only provided 
food for city residents, but abolished unsightly vacant 
lots. Mayor Ellis named the first City Gardens Com- 
mittee on April 19, 1917, as follows: E. G. C. Bleakly, 
Judge Frank T. Lloyd, Zed H. Copp, William Derham, 
L. E. Farnham, B. M. Hedrick, David Jester, O. B. 
Kern, M. F. Middleton, Dr. H. L. Rose, Asa L. Roberts, 
W. D. Sayrs, Jr., Charles A. Wolverton, Earl T. Jack- 
son, H. R. Kuehner, Herbert N. Moffett and Hubert H. 
Pfeil. At the initial meeting of the above date B. M. 
Hedrick was elected chairman; Zed H. Copp secretary 
and M. F. Middleton treasurer. Brandin W. Wright, 
a farming expert, was employed as general superintend 
dent on May 3, 1917. At a meeting on May 18, 1918, 
the names of Frank Sheridan and Daniel P. McConnell 
were added to the publicity committee in the place of 
Messrs. Pfeil and Jackson. 

In his annual report to City Council on January 1, 
1918, Mayor Ellis urged the appointment of a commit- 
tee by City Council on City Gardens and Councilman 
Frederick Von Neida was named as chairman. This 
committee with a committee of representative citizens 
met in the City Hall in February, 19 18, to organize for 
the ensuing summmer. The members of the Council- 
manic committee were: Frederick Von Neida, Frank 
S. Van Hart. William J. Kelly and John J. Robinson. 
The committee planned an exposition of farm garden 


products for the fall of 19 18, but this plan was frustrated 
by the Spanish influenza epidemic. 

The war gardens became victory gardens in the year 
1 9 19 when the committee met on January 29, 19 19. 
Meyers Baker was elected secretary and William D. 
Sayrs, Jr., treasurer. At the meeting on March 25 com- 
mittees were appointed for the Victory War Gardens 
Exposition held in Third Regiment Armory from Sep- 
tember 15 to 20. Benjamin Abrams was elected general 
manager and Frank Sheridan publicity agent. 

Liberty Sings 

As the war progressed it was the desire of the Gov- 
ernment that everything be done to keep up the morale 
of the nation as one crisis after another arose, and what 
were known as Liberty Sings were instituted. The first 
sing in Camden was conducted at the Court House by 
James E. Corneal, of Haddonfield. who was named by 
the Government as representative of the National Lib- 
erty Sing Commission in this county. At the request of 
Mayor Ellis City Council named a special committee of 
members to continue the work inauguarated by Mr. 
Corneal. „ 

The members of the councilmanic committee were : 
William S. Abbott, chairman ; J. Hartley Bowen, Wil- 
liam L. Roberts, William J. Kelly and John T. Rodan. 

At the first sing held by the committee at the Court 
House over five thousand persons attended. The sings 
were conducted by C. Harold Lowden, a composer of 
note, and Miss Myrtle Eaver was the accompanist. Dur- 
ing the war 53,250 persons attended twenty-seven sings 
of the committee at the following places: Court House, 
attendance, 16,500; Ninth Ward Republican Associa- 
3,000; East Camden, 5,000; Parkside, 3,000; Fetters 
and Mul ford Schools, 12,000; Broadway M. E. Church, 


[Photo by Wonfor.] 

Associate Food Administrator of Camden County 


2,000; eight other churches, Rotary Club and other or- 
ganizations, 3,500. 

Home Registration. 

So accute did the housing problem become in the city 
and county that the Government named a branch of the 
United States Home Registration Bureau here. The 
duty of this bureau was to secure apartments for work- 
ers, who were flooding the city because of war industry. 
The members of the board of directors were: J. S. Gor- 
man, chairman; L. A. Hawkes, Alban Evanson, Eugene 
Haines, James T. Weart, A. E. Armitage, Harry Mon- 
roe, William D. Sayrs, Jr., Miss Lula T. White and 
Robert D. Clow, Jr. Mrs. Robert D. Clow, Sr., was 
chosen manager with headquarters in the Government 
Employment Bureau, Fifth street and Taylor avenue. 

War Library Committee 

The War Library Committee was named on Octo- 
ber 5, 1917, for the purpose of supplying books to men 
in the service. Howard M. Cooper, Edmund E. Read, 
Jr., and Charles S. Boyer were named as a committee to 
organize the War Library Committee and the Mayor 
named the following as their associates: State Treas- 
urer William T. Read, David Baird, Jr., F. Way land 
Ayer, Charles M. Curry, Howard J. Dudley, F. Her- 
bert Fulton, Abe Fuhrman, William P. Hallinger, Wil- 
liam L. Hurley, Theodore T. Kausel, Mrs. Joseph Kobus, 
William J. Strandwitz, George W. Whyte, Francis B. 
Wallen and Walter L. Tushingham. Howard M. 
Cooper was chosen chairman and F. Herbert Fulton 
secretary and treasurer. 

206 camden county in the great war. 

Employment Bureau 

The labor situation became alarming during the war 
and the Government established a bureau here com- 
bining with the city and the State Deparment of Labor. 
Headquarters were established in Post 5 Hall, Fifth 
street and Taylor avenue, with Harry Monroe in charge 
Thousands secured employment at factories making war 
necessities, shipyards and on farms. 

Four Minute Men 

The Four Minute Men was a nation-wide organization 
of volunteer speakers and was organized June 16, 1917- 
for the purpose of assisting the various departments of 
the Government in the work of national defense during 
the continuance of the war, by presenting messages or 
subjects of vital national importance to moving picture 
audiences during the intermissions. The subject matter 
was prepared and the speaking generally directed from 
Washington under the authority of the Government. 

The Four Minute Men organization was a division of 
the Committee of Public Iinformation in charge of 
Chairman George Reed, consisting of the Secretary of 
State, Secretary of War and Secretary of the Navy. 

Every State in the Union was organized with a State 
body, subject to the government body in Washington. 
Each State was in charge of a director, under whose in- 
structions a sub-division or organization was created in 
every county of the State. Each county was in charge 
of an authorized chairman. 

The entire organization consisted of volunteers only, 
no salaries being paid in any instance except in clerical 
hire and stenographic help. 

Benjamin E. Chapin, Newark, State Director 
John Gregg Paine, Camden, Associate State Director 
W. S. Williamson, Newark, State Secretary 
Albert Eeon, Perth Amboy, State Treasurer 
Williard I. Hamilton, Chairman Board of Trustees 



George A. Tatem, County Chairman 

James E. Hewitt, Camden City 
Harold E. Rogers, Haddon Heights 
Ethan P. Wescott, Collingswood 
Albert E. Burling, Merchantville and 

Alfred M. Matthews, Westmont 
John E. Shannon, Industries 
S. Conrad Ott, Churches 
Chas. H. North, Speakers 
Harry E. Green, Publicity 

Thos. P. Ratcliffe, Eiberty Sinigng 
and Schools 

Wilbert V. Pike, Fraternal and Social 

Milton K. Stanley, Theatres 

Rev. Carlton R. Van Hook, Wayi 
and Means and County Treasurer 

Mrs. F. M. Loid, Secretary of Cam- 
den County Chairman 

Rev. C. R. Van Hook 
Wilbert V. Pike 

David B. Jester 

C M. Gilbert 
C. J. Hewitt 
C. J. Hunter 
H. Ennis Jones 
Chas. H. North 
Garfield Pancoast 
Thos. P. Ratcliffe 
Grover C. Richman 
Wilbert V. Pike 
Dr. Daniel Strock 
E. A. Hollenbeck 


Clarence J. Hunter 
John L,. Shannon 

E. E. Shumaker 

E. J. Dingley 


Win. C. Marshall 
Horace E. Beaver 
William R. Stille 
Rev. H. F. Gravatt 
Rev. Alexander Corson 
Harry H. Whaland 
T. Harry Rowland 
Rev. Wm. H. Dyer 
George A. Tatem 
Elmer J. Walz 

David Baird, Jr. 

E. E. Shumaker 
Patrick H. Harding 
Milton K. Stanley 
H. S. Mi'ler 
H. P. Ash ton 
Rev. C. R. Van Hook 
William J. Brown 
Ralph N. Kellam 
John H. Switzer 
Mrs. Geo. E- Cantrall 
James E. Hewitt 

Aside from many assignments to the various churches, 
social and political organizations, twenty-one theatres 
were served in the Camden County Four Minute Men 
twice every week and in many special campaigns every 
night in the week on subjects provided in special bul- 
letins by the United States Government. 


Liberty Loan Drives 

DURING the war there were four Liberty Loan 
campaigns and after the war the fifth loan was 
launched and was known as the Victory Liberty Loan 
to pay off the indebtedness of the war. Camden county 
did nobly in all five drives. Each time the quota was 
exceeded. The popular phrase of "went over the top" 
was used and in speaking in these terms Camden county 
went "over the top" by a margin of $8,908,965. The 
county's quota in the first loan was $4,400,000 and the 
sum subscribed was $5,053,000; second loan, quota, 
$6,500,000, subscribed, $6,757,000; third loan, quota, 
$4,700,630, subscribed, $6,950,000; fourth loan, quota, 
$8,522,250, subscribed, $10,710,150; fifth loan, quota, 
$7,763,205, subscribed $9,125,000. The total subscribed 
for Liberty Loans in all five campaigns reaches the grand 
total of $38,795,150. 

When the war bonds were placed on the market the 
American people had to be educated to buy them for 
millions of them had never dealt in bonds before. Noon- 
day rallies in workshops and booths on the streets were 
among the methods used to attract their attention. The 
booths were managed by the Women's Liberty Loan 
Committee and were stationed in the postoffice and at the 
ferry as well as on the streets. 

M. F. Middleton, Jr., was chairman of the Camden 
County Liberty Loan Committee, after the first loan. W. 
D. Sherred was county chairman and Mr. Middleton city 
chairman on the initial bond issue campaign. The first 
loan campaign opened May 15 and closed June 15, 19 17. 
The second loan began October 1, 19 17, and ended on 
October 27. David Rash was secretary of that cam- 


Chairman of Camden County Liberty Loan Committee 


paign. The third campaign opened April 6, 191 8, and 
ended May 6, 1918, with Elwood C. Jefferies as secre- 
tary. The fourth loan drive opened September 28, 19 18, 
and closed October 19, 19 18. That was the hardest 
drive of all, for the city and county was under the pall 
of the Spanish influenza epidemic and members of the 
committee were stricken and many died. No meetings 
were permitted by the Board of Health and for a while 
it looked as though the loan would fail but the people 
rallied through aggressive newspaper advertising and the 
loan went "over the top." The Victory Loan, or the 
Fifth, opened April 21 and closed May 9, 1919. 

A committee of several hundred women remained 
faithful during each campaign. Mrs. Mary Baird Fox 
was chairman of the county committee of the Women's 
Liberty Loan Committee and Mrs. Mary Walsh Kobus 
chairman of the city committee. They sold millions of 
dollars worth of bonds during the war and for the 
Victory Loan. 

The Women's Committee did so well in the Fifth Vic- 
tory Loan Campaign that the United States Shipping 
Board honored the city by giving the committee the right 
to submit three names for a transport to be launched at 
Hog Island on Memorial Day. The name "Nedmac," 
Camden spelled backwards, was suggested by Mrs. 
Kobus and it was the choice of the Shipping Board. The 
"Nedmac" was launched on that eventful day with four 
other ships and Mrs. Fox was the sponsor. 

War Savings Stamps 

As dollars were needed more than anything outside of 
man-power to win the war the Government inaugurated 
the War Saving Stamp also known as Thrift Stamp. 
Charles K. Haddon was chairman of the county War 
Stamp campaign and David Baird, Jr., chairman of the 
city campaign. The largest war stamp society in the 


country was organized among the employes of the New 
York Shipbuilding Corporation. The school children 
joined enthusiastically in the campaign, saving their 
pennies until they had gathered twenty-five so as to buy 
a stamp. They saved their stamps until they had secured 
enough to buy baby war bonds. More than $2,000,000 
worth of war stamps were sold in this country. 

New York Ship Society 

The New York Shipbuilding Corporation War Sav- 
ings Society was organized about the first of March, 1918, 
through the efforts of Charles J. Langell and within two 
weeks 5,400 employes of the shipyard were members. 
Collections started the first week in April, when over 
$8,000 was invested in stamps. The membership grew 
rapidly and was at its heigh th on October 1, 19 18, the 
roll then showing 8,237 members out of a total of 12,355 



C J. Langell, President 

J. Wilson, Vice President H. Matlack, Assistant Treasurer 

M. Hutchinson, Vice President J. Irwin, Treasurer 

G. Bossier, Vice President II. Robinson, Vice President 

W. O. Morrow, Secretary W. Manduka, Vice President 

F. D. Boynton, Assistant Secretary J. Smith, Vice President 


M. Hutchinson, Machine Shop B. Beardsley, Pattern Shop 

J. Miller, Electrical Dept. W. Tait, Pipe Shop 

J. Stein, Yard Dept. C Langell, Main Office 

L. B. Michener, Lumber Yard S. M. Evans, Plate and Angle Shop 

W. Thompson, Small Boat Shop J. Smith, Hull Dept. 

J. E. Truckses, Boiler Shop H. C. Towle, Yard Office 

M. K. Hench, Blacksmith Shop J. Farrell, Watchmen 

W. D. Kenny, General Store E- Bachman, Eng. Installation 

J. Robinson, Paint Shop J. Taylor, Mold Loft 

C. Ihrig, Copper Shop A.. Colbcrg, Rigger9 

E. Harrison, Joiner Shop • ^app, Time Dept, Etc. 

W. Cline, Tin Shop 

The amount invested after the first week never went 
below $10,000 per week during 1918 and went up as high 
as $128,406.69, but after the armistice was declared there 


was a gradual falling off in membership and investments. 
The total amount for the year was $608,960.50. At the 
outset, $400,000.00 was made the goal and everyone was 
gratified to exceed that amount by fifty per cent. 

There were a great many competitions during the year 
between the different shops and keen rivalry was shown. 
The success of the society was due, to a large extent, to 
the efforts of the respective chairmen and their secretaries. 
Weekly meetings of the chairmen and secretaries were 
held and frequently outside speakers attended. Once each 
month speakers addressed the men in the yard, sometimes 
speaking to as many as 8,000 men. A very attractive sign 
was built on the lawn by the main office upon which 
amounts paid in by each department was recorded each 
week with its total savings to date. This sign was in- 
tended to create competition between the departments. 
The campaign for the Fourth Liberty Loan was put in 
the hands of this society, resulting in a total subscription 
of $1,250,000.00 The society for 1919 started off with 
much enthusiasm on the part of the newly elected officers, 
John Trucksess being elected president. With the incen- 
tive of the war lacking, it proved to be a hard task during 
19 19 to keep the society going. However, many of the 
men made regular savers so that the amount turned in 
each week remains almost the same, around $4,000.00. 

The New York Shipbuilding Corporation War Savings 
Society has done considerably more than sell War Sav- 
ings Stamps. The organization has taken care of all 
drives such as the Salvation Army drive besides taking- 
care of the Libertv Loans. 


Young Men's Christian Association 

IN this great world drama wherein the county of Cam- 
den played such a conspicuous and honorable part, 
contributing so lavishly of its life and treasure, none of 
her cherished institutions were more completely equipped 
for service than the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The membership consisting of the very flower of the 
virile young manhood of the city, at the very first call 
threw themselves into the vortex of general activity with 
the greatest enthusiasm that continued until peace was 

Bayard M. Hedrick was general secretary when the 
war began and when he was called to war service was 
succeeded by A. E. Armitage who devoted all his ener- 
gies to the many phases of war work. In the first 
Y. M. C. A. drive — November 12-15, 1 9 1 7 — tne quota 
had been fixed at $100,000, but this sum was soon ex- 
ceeded, the total amount received under the able chair- 
manship of F. Morse Archer for this drive was $116,641. 

In the United War Work drive — November 11-19, 
1918 — the proportionate share of the Y. M. C. A. was 
$335,690.50 and this was soon raised. As an organiza- 
tion and acting in individual capacity the Y. M. C. A. 
contributed to every good cause during the war to an 
amount it would be difficult to compute. 

Hundreds of meetings, great and small, in the interest 
of the war, were held in the Y. M. C. A. headquarters. 
The overflowing meeting in the auditorium addressed by 
former President William Howard Taft was one of these 
notable gatherings. The committee rooms were iri con- 
stant service for conferences. The lecture rooms proved 
their usefulness in a hundred ways. All the fine modern 
equipment of the building was placed at the disposal of 


war workers. Soldiers and sailors of every rank were 
made welcome, finding a comfortable and cheerful home 
under the Y. M. C. A. roof both going and coming. 
These activities, in the absence of which there would have 
been confusion for the workers, and discomfort if not 
real suffering for enlisted men, began with the first call 
and continued with unabated vigor until the last soldier 
and sailor had returned home and the blessings of peace 
were fully restored. 

United War Work Campaign 

It was in the very midst of the celebration incident to 
the signing of the armistice, November n, 1918, that the 
campaign was launched in behalf of the United War 
Work which was designed to raise funds for seven or- 
ganizations actively engaged in the great conflict, espec- 
ially with respect to the creature comforts of the soldiers. 
This included the Salvation Army, Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. 
A., Jewish Welfare Board, Knights of Columbus, Amer- 
ican Library Association and the War Camp Commun- 
ity. An organization was effected with Lawyer F. Morse 
Archer as chairman and David Rash, secretary. Owing 
to the handicap incident to the great jubilation on the 
opening day of the campaign in connection with the ces- 
sation of war, it was several days before it was well un- 
der way. Then the workers became very busy and there 
was a splendid response, especially on the part of the 
working people who virtually sustained it by making 
pledges from their weekly wages. Despite the rather dis- 
appointing beginning, the campaign went through with a 
rush and closed November 18 with a great meeting at the 
Y. M. C. A. auditorium when it was announced $335,690 
had been raised, the city subscribing $239,468 and the 
county $96,222. 

2l6 camden county in the great war. 

Knights of Coeumbus 

On February 5, 19 18, the drive of the Knights of Co- 
lumbus was launched. A thorough organization had 
been effected with William Leonard Hurley as chairman 
and Lawyer John T. Cleary as secretary. It was in the 
midst of the severe winter of that year and there were 
several heavy snow storms that stayed the efforts of the 
workers, but at the close, on February 18, a fund of 
$30,000 had been raised. 

Salvation Army 

There was but one drive for the Salvation Army dur- 
ing the war. The quota for Camden was $5,000 and 
Judge John B. Kates was chairman of the committee. 
The drive opened on February 9, 19 18, and lasted ten 
days and the quota was oversubscribed. The Salvation 
Army was given a quota of the United War Work Drive 
when that was raised during November of the same year. 

Jewish Welfare Board 

Although the Jewish residents of the city assisted the 
Jewish Welfare Work all through the war and conducted 
a successful campaign for funds, it was not until January 
27, 1919, that a Camden branch of the Jewish Welfare 
Board was organized. Prior to that time the Hebrews of 
the city worked in every campaign, including that of the 
Y. M. C. A. The officers of the Camden Jewish Welfare 
Board elected on January 27 were : President, Dr. Meyer 
Segal; vice president, Miss Sadie Rosenthal; treasurer, 
Mrs. Philip Auerbach; secretary, Samuel A. Weiss; as- 
sistent secretary, Miss Rose Mackler. Members visited 
Camp Dix weekly where they distributed dainties at the 
base hospital among the sick and wounded. They also 
conducted interesting entertainments and dances. 

aiding the fighters. 217 

Community Building 

Through the Rotary Club, a War Camp Community 
building was erected on ground loaned by the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad near the Market street side of the ter- 
minal for the convenience of returning soldiers. It was 
in charge of J. H. Cornet sent here by the community 
service, while the canteen was looked after by Red Cross 
workers. This building was erected just in time to pro- 
vide for the thousands of soldiers that passed through 
this city from Camp Dix to various points in the coun- 
try and it proved a Godsend for them. Prior to its 
erection they were compelled to camp in the terminal 
and sometimes they were asleep all over the waiting room 
floors. Not only those going home, but many on their 
way to various hospital centres were looked after in tran- 
sit and no activity in the city or county proved of greater 
value. Food was furnished them at a nominal figure and 
sleeping quarters were provided. Amusements including 
music and dancing aided in whiling away their time while 
on furloughs in this city or while waiting for trains. 

Boy Scouts 

Few branches of the home service performed more 
creditable work in the various war drives than the Boy 
Scouts of Camden county. Under the leadership of 
Scout Commissioner H. H. Etter they assisted in every 
Liberty Loan campaign by distributing posters and doing 
general messenger work for the county committee. The 
various troops competed in the sale of Liberty Bonds 
with the result that they added thousands of dollars to 
the national treasury. They were ever ready to assist the 
Red Cross and did very good work in campaigns to se- 
cure clothing for war sufferers. 

2l8 camden county in the great war. 

Poeice Activity 

The Police Department was one branch of the city gov- 
ernment that was called upon day and night to assist the 
national Government in carrying out the war program. 
A registration bureau was established at headquarters 
where all alien enemy men and women were registered 
for the Government. The police also performed cred- 
itable service for the United States Department of Jus- 
tice, running out evidence to prevent enemy spies and 
propagandists from working in this vicinity. However, 
their main activity was the suppression of seditious acts 
and remarks against the Government. They also arrest- 
ed many deserters from the army and draft evaders from 
other cities. When the lightless nights were ordered in 
January, 19 18, they worked long hours to protect the 
traveling public on darkened highways. But aside from 
this work of enforcing national laws the patrolmen joined 
enthusiastically in all of the war drives, making door 
to door canvasses for the Red Cross, Salvation Army and 
Liberty Loan campaigns. 

Fire Department 

The Fire Department of the city kept a constant vigil 
during the war to prevent the spread of fire, thus extend- 
ing a sheltering wing over the many war industry plants 
in operation in the city. The department had an occasion 
to demonstrate its efficiency when a large plate and angle 
shop of the New York Shipbuilding Corporation was de- 
stroyed by fire on the night of September II, 1918, dur- 
ing a Liberty Loan parade. The flames threatened four- 
teen destroyers under construction for the Navy Depart- 
ment and the firemen wedged themselves between the 
blazing angle shop and warships and managed to save 

aiding the fighters. 219 

Ninth Ward Association. 

The Ninth Ward Republican Association at Broad- 
way and Royden street made a splendid record during 
the war. Patriotism was placed above partisanship and 
on April 4, 19 17, the association had a joint session with 
the Camden Democratic Association, at which time a 
resolution was adopted pledging the support of both as- 
sociations to the President and Congress. The Ninth 
Ward Association had a membership of four hundred 
members and every member subscribed in every Liberty 
Loan, Red Cross, Y. M. C. A., Knights of Columbus, 
Salvation Army, Jewish Welfare and United War Work 
campaigns. The subscriptions amounted to nearly $250,- 
000. At the close of the war the association erected a 
magnificent victory arch across Broadway, which became 
the pride of the city. It cost $6,500 and the money was 
raised by subscription among the members. 

Yorkship Village 

Because of the scarcity of rentable homes in the city 
during the war the Emergency Fleet Corporation built 
the Yorkship Village adjacent to the New York Ship- 
yards and the Norweg Village near the Pusey and Jones 
Shipyards, Gloucester. One thousand homes were built 
on the Yorkship tract, which Camden City Council an- 
nexed from Haddon township and floated bonds for 
$500,000 for improvements, the erection of a fire house 
and school. This operation was completed during the 
year 19 19. 



CAMDEN county became a bee hive of industry in 
the manufacture of war materials when the nation 
entered the world war. Two big shipyards, the Pennsyl- 
vania and New Jersey Shipyards, were erected at Glou- 
cester. While yards were being constructed on territory 
formerly occupied by once famous resorts and hotels 
on the lower beach, ships were being constructed. 

The New York Shipyard grew almost over night into 
one of the largest shipyards in the world. The size of 
the plant was tripled. The Government frantically called 
for ships and Camden and Gloucester yards answered 
the call with a mighty wield of the hammer. The Tuck- 
ahoe was built in 28 days, establishing a world's record. 
President Wilson sent his congratulations by telegraph 
at the launching and Director General Charles M. 
Schwab awarded a contract for the extension of the great 
plant far into Gloucester at the cost of $10,000,000. 

The Mathis Yacht Building Company devoted its 
plant to the construction of hulls for powerful seaplanes. 
The Victor Talking Machine Company began the manu- 
facture of aeroplane and seaplane parts and was beginning 
the manufacture of rifles when the armistice was signed. 
Strandwitz and Scott manufactured gasoline tanks for 
American aeroplanes. The Argo Mills, of Gloucester, 
manufactured army blankets. The General Chemical 
Company manufactured powerful chemicals needed as ex- 
plosives and for other war work. The woolen mills manu- 
factured army sweaters. And even the most obscure 
plant was making something on a contract or subcontract 
for winning the war. The Camden Forge Company's 
plant worked night and day on the manufacture of driv- 
ing shafts for government boats and their plant grew 
many times its original size. The rug mills of Glouces- 




ter wove army blankets and the local shoe factories 
worked night and day on army orders. The large kid 
works, for which this city is known, turned out thousands 
of tons of hides to be made over into shoes for the army. 

New York Shipyard 

During the war enough merchant vessels were launch- 
ed from the New York Shipyard to deliver a total of 
1,700,000 tons of cargo per annum to the shores of 
France in ten round trips. These figures require a reduc- 
tion of about 10,000 tons for coal consumed on the voy- 
age over, making a total dead weight of 1,690,000 tons. 

It must be remembered that throughout the war period 
the firm was handicapped in its production by extensions 
to the plant going on at the same time as the balance of 
the plant was turning out the finished product. Any 
engineer will admit that it is impracticable for a plant to 
maintain its maximum production while extensions on 
a large scale are being made to the plant. Add to this 
the fact that it was up to the established yards to supply 
the officers and leading men for the new yards in very 
large numbers, thus decreasing their own efficiency in 
order that the available shipbuilding talent in the country 
might be disposed to the best advantage. Add to this 
also the fact that the New York Shipyard was construct- 
ing Navy work at the same time, and that through the 
shops material for heavy freighters and light destroyers 
was being handled at the same time. It has been only 
lately that the new destroyer plant has been in full 

It will also be admitted that such a diversity of work 
as represented in these lists could not be handled by one 
plant as efficiency as in two plants with the work sub- 
divided to suit the facilities of the two plants. 

A further fact to be noted is that the shortage of skill- 
ed shipbuilding labor applied to the established yards with 


well nigh as much force as to the new or so-called fabri- 
cating plants so much so that training schools had to be 
established in practically all the big yards, this yard be- 
ing no exception and having its training school. 

Vessels built at this plant during the last eighteen years 
have fully borne their part in the war. The S. S. 
"Tyler," old Dominion Liner, was unfortunately sunk, 
but two New York Ship vessels successfully withstood 
severe mine and torpedo damage. These two were the S. 
S. "Gulflight," which was very badly torpedoed forward, 
and the S. S. '"Nebraskan," which suffered from mine 
damage under the bows. Both these vessels were suc- 
cessfully brought into port and repaired. 

From the entry of the United States into the war the 
New York Shipbuilding Corporation launched a con- 
siderable tonnage of shipping to play its part in the con- 

The list is as follows: Colliers, 9; oil tankers. 6; gen- 
eral freighters, 3 ; troop ships, 2 ; battleships, 1 ; destroy- 
ers, 7 ; mine planters, 1 ; carfloats, 3 ; total vessels, 32. 

The accepted method of summarizing production for 
merchant work is by deadweight carrying capacity ex- 
pressed in tons of 2,240 pounds each. Applying this to 
the merchant ships listed above following is the tonnage : 

Colliers, 72,454; oil tankers, 70,926; general freight- 
ers, 16,507; troop ships, 10,650; total, 170,537. 

To these must be added the warship work as lisced 
above as well as the carfloats. The warships are of in- 
finitely greater complexity than the merchant work and 
represent a product practically unobtainable except at an 
established shipyard. These totals represent the output 
from April 6, 19 17, to December 31, 1918. 

The oil tank ship production is peculiarly gratifying, 
inasmuch as it is particularly high grade work ; the de- 
mand for oil on the their side has been tremendous, par- 
ticularly since the Russian and Rumanian fields were un- 
available to the Allied cause. 


Summarizing merchant vessels by deadweight carry- 
ing capacity the following tonnage is given : 

Colliers, 72,454; oil tankers, 70,926; general freight- 
ers, 16,507; total, 159,887. 

The growth of the shipyard is best illustrated by the 
fact that the firm employed 4,651 persons in April, 1917, 
and when the armistice was signed on November 11, 
1918, there were 13,210 on the company's pay roll. At 
the time of the publication of this book 19,000 were em- 
ployed by the firm. When America entered the Great 
War the New York Shipyard owned ten ways. At the 
signing of the armistice the plant had twenty-four ways 
and at the time of the publication of this book the ways, 
numbered twenty-eight. 

Pusey and Jones Yards 

One of the enterprises developed during the World 
W r ar of which Camden county can justly be proud is the 
shipbuilding plant of the Pusey and Jones Company, lo T 
cated in Gloucester City, along the Delaware river on 
the north bank of Timber creek, and extending north- 
ward almost to Gloucester ferry. 

The Gloucester yards of the Pusey and Jones Com- 
pany were originally built by two separate companies, 
the Pennsylvania Shipbuilding Company and the New 
Jersey Shipbuilding Company, although both companies 
were owned by the same interests. 

The Pennsylvania Shipbuilding Company was incor- 
porated April 27, 191 6, although work of buildings the 
yard was commenced April 1, 19 16. The first keel was 
laid September 9, 19 16, boat was launched August 23, 
191 7, and delivered on March 14, 19 18. The first boat 
was built while the yard was in its primitive state of erec- 
tion and without cranes, shops or other modern facilities, 
using temporary and crudely constructed machinery and 


appliances for fabricating material and an ordinary con- 
tractor's stiff leg derrick for erection. 

The New Jersey Shipbuilding Company was incor- 
porated May 3, 19 17, and work on the plant was com- 
menced June 20, 19 1 7. This yard was built to help meet 
the great demand for ships caused by the activities of the 
submarine and to provide manufacturing facilities for the 
building of machinery, boilers, etc., which were unobtain- 
able from usual sources, due to the pressure of other war 

Although great difficulty was encountered in the erec- 
tion of the yard, due to the fact that all buildings had to 
be placed on piling, the first keel was laid May 16, 1918. 
boat launched September 15, 19 18, and delivered Feb- 
ruary 18, 19 1 9. 

On December 21, 19 17, the interests owning the Penn- 
sylvania and New Jersey yards acquired the yard of 
Pusey and Jones Company, Wilmington and the three 
companies were merged into one and known as the Pusey 
and Jones Company. 

The Gloucester yards comprised 186 acres of land on 
which is constructed 22 main buildings of brick and steel 
construction, consisting of a main office, two plate and 
angle shops, two mold lofts, two angle bending shops, a 
machine and boiler shop, a joiner shop and dry kiln, 
power house, power sub-station, general warehouse, hos- 
pital and 185 smaller buildings of frame construction. 
There are eleven launching ways, over which are eleven 
Gantry cranes of modern design, being of the covered 
type, with four corner booms and eight fixed hoists on 
each. This design is new to the Delaware river ship- 
building district. 

The company has its own water tower and mains, sup- 
plying water throughout the yards, its high pressure air 
system and a complete sanitary system. 

These yards are considered among the best equipped 
and most efficiently designed shipyards in this country, 



2. 2! 

? h 



o pi 

Si JO 




and were built with the purpose of building standardized 
ships, being among the first in America to adopt this sys- 
tem. Another distinctive feature of the Gloucester yards 
is the method of launching, being the only yard in the east 
launching ships sideways. 

At the close of the war, the Gloucester yards were just 
reaching their full development. They contributed to the 
United States Navy two mine sweepers, the "Thrush" and 
the "Eider," each being 180 feet in length; and to com- 
merce, five tankers, the "Chestnut Hill," the "John M. 
Connolly," the "Alllentown," the "Brandywine" and the 
"Bessemer," of 7,000 deadweight tons each, being 380 
feet long, 50 feet 9 inches beam and 31 feet, 3 inches 
deep ; two cargo steamers, the "Indianapolis" and the 
"Henry Clay," of 12,500 deadweight tons, each being 
455 feet long, 60 feet beam and 36 feet 8 inches deep; 
and three cargo steamers, the "Castle Point," the "Castle 
Wood" and the "Castle Town," of 5,000 deadweight 
tons each, being 335 feet long, 50 feet beam and 24 feet 
9 inches deep — or a total tonnage of 75,000 deadweight 
tons. At the writing of this book there were being out- 
fitted one 7,000 ton tanker and two 12,500 ton cargo 
ships, and there are on the ways two 12,500 ton cargo 

The Gloucester yards employed during the war an 
average of 6,500 persons, of which the maximum num- 
ber within the draft age was 1,600 of which 80 were 
men who had been drafted and released from camps be- 
fore employment. The men were so well selected that 
only fifty were drafted from the yards. This firm was 
among the first to establish a school of instruction. This 
school, with H. V. Mason, chairman of Delaware River 
Committee on Training, as its head, and with eleven able 
instructors trained 1,169 men ^ n tne various shipbuilding 
trades. With these men the "Henry Clay," a 12,500 
ton cargo ship was erected until within three weeks of 
launching. Of the 1,169 men trained, y66 of them were 


transferred to the operating department as skilled me- 
chanics. A school of blue print reading was also main- 
tained, instructing 137 employes in blue print reading. 

In order to furnish housing accommodations for the 
employes 145 acres of land situated south of Gloucester 
between Big Timber and Little Timber creeks were ac- 
quired and the Noreg Village was built. In the village 
there are 447 from 4 to 7 room dwellings, one large de- 
partment store of sufficient size to carry 20 different lines 
of business, one school to accommodate 250 pupils, a fire 
house equipped with modern fire apparatus and a well 
furnished club house. The houses have all conveniences, 
electric light, gas and heat, and rent at a nominal figure. 

The Gloucester yards were started long before the 
United States entered the war, by Christoffer Hannevig. 
a Norwegian capitalist and ship owner, who at the out- 
break of the World War among the European powers, 
was one of the first to grasp the situation of the neces- 
sity for ships such a war would bring, and in his deter- 
mination to assist in supplying this necessity decided on 
the building of a shipyard in America, where the supply 
of ship material was ample. So when the United States 
entered the war and launched out on its shipping pro- 
gram these yards were well under way, and on August 
3, 1917, Mr. Hannevig cheerfully turned over to the 
government all his contracts and the operation of the 
yards, which have been under the control of the Emer-' 
gency Fleet Corporation since that date. 

From the very beginning of the Gloucester yards one 
of the leading spirits in the designing and building of 
them was Henry Lysholm, who as vice president and gen- 
eral manager of both yards, directed all work of plant 
design and construction and ship erection. 

All officials and employes of the yards worked to the 
limit of their ability, unselfishly, even beyond their phy- 
sical endurance, as exemplified by the untimely death of 
General Superintendent H. V. Ramsay, who in his over- 


worked condition became an easy victim of the influenza 

In the Liberty Loans over $1,000,000.00 were sub- 
scribed by employes of the Gloucester yards, going far 
beyond their quota in each loan. Likewise the Y. M. C. 
A., Red Cross and United War Work Funds were sub- 
scribed far beyond the quotas set. 

Thus through foresightedness of Mr. Hannevig and 
with the co-operation of his fellow associates and em- 
ployes, the Pusey and Jones Company's Gloucester yards, 
contributed well to the bridge of ships across the Atlantic 
which fed and supplied the American Army, who with 
their allies brought victory and peace to the world. 

Mathis Shipyard 

The shipyard of the Mathis Yacht Building Co., at the 
head of Point street, was tripled in size during the war to 
take care of the building of seaplane hulls, submarine 
chasers and tugs for the Emergency Fleet Corporation. 
One hundred and twenty-five seaplane hulls were con- 
structed at this yard, twenty-five submarine chasers and 
seven large tugs. The firm also repaired patrol boats 
for the Government in connection with its work. In 
fact this firm, which prior to the war, constructed noth- 
ing but pleasure yachts, devoted its entire energy to war 




Foreword 5 

Historical Committee 6 

Introductory 9 

General Pershing's Tribute to Heroic Dead 12 

Camden County Heroic Dead 15 

Records of Heroic Dead 17 

Departure of Troops 49 

Naval Militia 49 

Departure of Guardsmen 50 

Twenty-ninth Division in France 56 

Plan of Battle 59 

Battle Begins 60 

Division Cited 68 

104th Engineers 71 

112th Field Artillery 74 

Selective Service 77 

Seventy-eighth Division 80 

Infantry at Arras 83 

Artillery Movements 84 

Million Dollar Barrage 88 

Meuse-Argonne 88 

New Jersey Troops Famous 96 

Their Home Coming 98 

Admiral Henry B. Wilson 108 

Prominent Men 114 

Representatives 114 

Lieutenant Colonel Harry C. Kramer 114 

Major Winfield S. Price 123 

Major Harold E. Stephenson 124 

Lieutenant Colonel Ralph W. E. Donges 129 

Red Cross 133 

Home Defenses 149 

State Militia 149 

Second Field Artillery 151 

Home Guard 151 

Camden Battalion 153 

Public Safety Committee 157 

City Loyalty meeting 166 

All Special Officers 167 

Victory Jubilee Committee 168 

Peace Jubilee 180 



War Bureaus 193 

Fuel Administration 193 

Food Administration 194 

War Resources Committee 197 

City Farm Gardens 201 

Liberty Sings 202 

Home Registration 205 

War Library Committee 205 

Employment Bureau 206 

Four Minute Men 206 

Finances 208 

Liberty Loan Drives 208 

War Savings Stamps 211 

New York Ship Society 212 

Aiding the Fighters 214 

Young Men's Christian Association 214 

United War Work Campaign 215 

Knights of Columbus 216 

Salvation Army 216 

Jewish Welfare Board 216 

Community Building 217 

Boy Scouts 217 

Police Activity 218 

Fire Department 218 

Ninth Ward Association 219 

Yorkship Village 219 

Industry 220 

New York Shipyard 223 

Pusey and Jones Yards 225 

Mathis Shipyard 231 

Index to Illustrations. 

President Wilson 3 

President's War Cabinet 7 

General Pershing I 3 

Departure of Third Regiment 48 

Departure of Battery B 54 

General Morton 57 

114th Infantry in Action 61 

Major Selby 65 

Captain West 69 



General McRae 81 

Artillery in Action 85 

311th Infantry in Action 91 

114th Infantry Passing Down Broadway 100 

114th Infantry Marching Under Ninth Ward Arch 101 

Battery B Arriving at Newport News, Va 105 

Admiral Wilson 109 

Hon. David Baird 115 

Lieutenant Colonel Kramer 120 

Major Price 121 

Major Stephenson 126 

Lieutenant Colonel Donges 127 

Dr. Daniel Strock 132 

George W. Whyte 135 

Red Cross Workers Marching 139 

Red Cross Motor Messengers 143 

Governor Edge 148 

Mayor Ellis 156 

Chas. M. Curry 159 

Win. D. Sayrs 163 

Court of Honor 169 

Peace Jubilee Parade 171 

Camden County Peace Jubilee Admiral Wilson Reviewing 

the Parade 174 

James J. Scott 175 

Francis F. Patterson 177 

W. Penn Corson 182 

James H. Long 183 

Frank S. Van Hart 188 

Frank Sheridan 189 

Samuel C. Curriden 191 

Walter J. Staats 195 

Hon. Frank T. Lloyd 199 

Hon. Chas. A. Wolverton 203 

M. F. Middleton. Jr 209 

Destroyer Jacob Jones 221 

Launching of Bessemer 227